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Occurrence and impact of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans in the air and soil around a municipal solid waste incinerator.
J Environ Sci (China). 2016 Jun; 44:244-251.JE

Abstract

To assess the influence of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) on the environment in the vicinity of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs), we determined the levels of PCDD/Fs in air and soil samples collected around a MSWI, which is the largest in China. The International Toxicity Equivalency Quantity (I-TEQ) concentrations of PCDD/Fs in air samples were from 0.0300 to 1.03pgI-TEQ/m(3) (0.445-13.6pg/m(3)), with an average of 0.237pgI-TEQ/m(3), while in soil samples they ranged from 0.520 to 3.40pgI-TEQ/g (2.41-88.7pg/g) with an average of 1.49pgI-TEQ/g. The concentrations of PCDD/Fs in air and soil samples were comparable to other areas, and PeCDFs were the dominant contributors, which was different from stack gas homologue patterns. Multivariate statistical analysis showed that PCDD/Fs emission from the MSWI did not directly affect the profiles of PCDD/Fs in air and soils, so that vehicles and unidentified emission sources should be considered. The daily inhalation levels of PCDD/Fs for children (0.0110 to 0.392pgI-TEQ/(kg·day) and adults (0.00600 to 0.221pgI-TEQ/(kg·day) near the MSWI were lower than the tolerable daily intake of 1.00 to 4.00pg WHO-TEQ/(kg·day), but in winter the values were higher than in summer. These results can be used as basic data for assessing the risk of PCDD/Fs exposure in residents living around this MSWI, and more monitoring programs and studies should be carried out around MSWIs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.; State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China. Electronic address: Zzguang2004@hotmail.com.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.North China Sea Marine Engineering Prospecting Research Institute, State Ocean Agency, Qingdao 266061, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Dioxin Pollution Control, National Research Center for Environmental Analysis and Measurement, Beijing 100029, China.Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.. Electronic address: Binzhao@rcees.ac.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27266321

Citation

Zhou, Zhiguang, et al. "Occurrence and Impact of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans in the Air and Soil Around a Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator." Journal of Environmental Sciences (China), vol. 44, 2016, pp. 244-251.
Zhou Z, Ren Y, Chu J, et al. Occurrence and impact of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans in the air and soil around a municipal solid waste incinerator. J Environ Sci (China). 2016;44:244-251.
Zhou, Z., Ren, Y., Chu, J., Li, N., Zhen, S., Zhao, H., Fan, S., Zhang, H., Xu, P., Qi, L., Liang, S., & Zhao, B. (2016). Occurrence and impact of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans in the air and soil around a municipal solid waste incinerator. Journal of Environmental Sciences (China), 44, 244-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2015.11.024
Zhou Z, et al. Occurrence and Impact of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans in the Air and Soil Around a Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator. J Environ Sci (China). 2016;44:244-251. PubMed PMID: 27266321.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occurrence and impact of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans in the air and soil around a municipal solid waste incinerator. AU - Zhou,Zhiguang, AU - Ren,Yue, AU - Chu,Jiazhi, AU - Li,Nan, AU - Zhen,Sen, AU - Zhao,Hu, AU - Fan,Shuang, AU - Zhang,Hui, AU - Xu,Pengjun, AU - Qi,Li, AU - Liang,Shuting, AU - Zhao,Bin, Y1 - 2016/02/04/ PY - 2015/07/24/received PY - 2015/11/04/revised PY - 2015/11/04/accepted PY - 2016/6/9/entrez PY - 2016/6/9/pubmed PY - 2017/2/6/medline KW - Daily inhalation doses KW - MSWI KW - PCDD/Fs SP - 244 EP - 251 JF - Journal of environmental sciences (China) JO - J Environ Sci (China) VL - 44 N2 - To assess the influence of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) on the environment in the vicinity of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs), we determined the levels of PCDD/Fs in air and soil samples collected around a MSWI, which is the largest in China. The International Toxicity Equivalency Quantity (I-TEQ) concentrations of PCDD/Fs in air samples were from 0.0300 to 1.03pgI-TEQ/m(3) (0.445-13.6pg/m(3)), with an average of 0.237pgI-TEQ/m(3), while in soil samples they ranged from 0.520 to 3.40pgI-TEQ/g (2.41-88.7pg/g) with an average of 1.49pgI-TEQ/g. The concentrations of PCDD/Fs in air and soil samples were comparable to other areas, and PeCDFs were the dominant contributors, which was different from stack gas homologue patterns. Multivariate statistical analysis showed that PCDD/Fs emission from the MSWI did not directly affect the profiles of PCDD/Fs in air and soils, so that vehicles and unidentified emission sources should be considered. The daily inhalation levels of PCDD/Fs for children (0.0110 to 0.392pgI-TEQ/(kg·day) and adults (0.00600 to 0.221pgI-TEQ/(kg·day) near the MSWI were lower than the tolerable daily intake of 1.00 to 4.00pg WHO-TEQ/(kg·day), but in winter the values were higher than in summer. These results can be used as basic data for assessing the risk of PCDD/Fs exposure in residents living around this MSWI, and more monitoring programs and studies should be carried out around MSWIs. SN - 1001-0742 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27266321/Occurrence_and_impact_of_polychlorinated_dibenzo_p_dioxins/dibenzofurans_in_the_air_and_soil_around_a_municipal_solid_waste_incinerator_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1001-0742(16)00032-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -