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Ten-Year Changes in the Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Determinants of Physical Activity among Polish Adults Aged 20 to 74 Years. Results of the National Multicenter Health Surveys WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014).
PLoS One. 2016; 11(6):e0156766.Plos

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The aim of the study was to estimate ten-year changes in physical activity (PA) patterns and sociodemographic determinants among adult residents of Poland.

METHODS

The study comprised two independent samples of randomly selected adults aged 20-74 years participating in the National Multicentre Health Survey WOBASZ (2003-2005; n = 14572) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014; n = 5694). In both surveys the measurements were performed by six academic centers in all 16 voivodships of Poland (108 measurement points in each survey). Sociodemographic data were collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire in both surveys. Physical activity was assessed in three domains: leisure-time, occupational and commuting physical activity.

RESULTS

Leisure-time PA changed substantially between the surveys (p<0.001). The prevalence of subjects being active on most days of week fell in both genders in the years 2003-2014 (37.4% vs 27.3% in men); 32.7% vs 28.3% in women. None or occasional activity increased from 49.6% to 56.8% in men, while remained stable in women (55.2% vs 54.9%). In both WOBASZ surveys the likelihood of physical inactivity was higher in less educated individuals, smokers and those living in large agglomerations (p<0.01). No significant changes were observed in occupational activity in men between the surveys, while in women percentage of sedentary work increased from 43.4% to % 49.4% (p<0.01). Commuting PA decreased significantly in both genders (p<0.001). About 79.3% of men and 71.3% of women reported no active commuting in the WOBASZ II survey.

CONCLUSIONS

The observed unfavourable changes in PA emphasize the need for novel intervention concepts in order to reverse this direction. Further detailed monitoring of PA patterns in Poland is of particular importance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.Department of Social Pathologies, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.Department and Clinic of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.Department of Epidemiology and Population Studies, Institute of Public Health, Jagiellonian University of Krakow, Krakow, Poland.Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland.Department and Clinic of Hipertensiology Angiology and Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.Department and Clinic of Hypertension and Diabetology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland. Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27272130

Citation

Kwaśniewska, Magdalena, et al. "Ten-Year Changes in the Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Determinants of Physical Activity Among Polish Adults Aged 20 to 74 Years. Results of the National Multicenter Health Surveys WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014)." PloS One, vol. 11, no. 6, 2016, pp. e0156766.
Kwaśniewska M, Pikala M, Bielecki W, et al. Ten-Year Changes in the Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Determinants of Physical Activity among Polish Adults Aged 20 to 74 Years. Results of the National Multicenter Health Surveys WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014). PLoS One. 2016;11(6):e0156766.
Kwaśniewska, M., Pikala, M., Bielecki, W., Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, E., Rębowska, E., Kozakiewicz, K., Pająk, A., Piwoński, J., Tykarski, A., Zdrojewski, T., & Drygas, W. (2016). Ten-Year Changes in the Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Determinants of Physical Activity among Polish Adults Aged 20 to 74 Years. Results of the National Multicenter Health Surveys WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014). PloS One, 11(6), e0156766. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156766
Kwaśniewska M, et al. Ten-Year Changes in the Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Determinants of Physical Activity Among Polish Adults Aged 20 to 74 Years. Results of the National Multicenter Health Surveys WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014). PLoS One. 2016;11(6):e0156766. PubMed PMID: 27272130.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ten-Year Changes in the Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Determinants of Physical Activity among Polish Adults Aged 20 to 74 Years. Results of the National Multicenter Health Surveys WOBASZ (2003-2005) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014). AU - Kwaśniewska,Magdalena, AU - Pikala,Małgorzata, AU - Bielecki,Wojciech, AU - Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk,Elżbieta, AU - Rębowska,Ewa, AU - Kozakiewicz,Krystyna, AU - Pająk,Andrzej, AU - Piwoński,Jerzy, AU - Tykarski,Andrzej, AU - Zdrojewski,Tomasz, AU - Drygas,Wojciech, Y1 - 2016/06/07/ PY - 2016/01/21/received PY - 2016/05/19/accepted PY - 2016/6/9/entrez PY - 2016/6/9/pubmed PY - 2017/7/19/medline SP - e0156766 EP - e0156766 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to estimate ten-year changes in physical activity (PA) patterns and sociodemographic determinants among adult residents of Poland. METHODS: The study comprised two independent samples of randomly selected adults aged 20-74 years participating in the National Multicentre Health Survey WOBASZ (2003-2005; n = 14572) and WOBASZ II (2013-2014; n = 5694). In both surveys the measurements were performed by six academic centers in all 16 voivodships of Poland (108 measurement points in each survey). Sociodemographic data were collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire in both surveys. Physical activity was assessed in three domains: leisure-time, occupational and commuting physical activity. RESULTS: Leisure-time PA changed substantially between the surveys (p<0.001). The prevalence of subjects being active on most days of week fell in both genders in the years 2003-2014 (37.4% vs 27.3% in men); 32.7% vs 28.3% in women. None or occasional activity increased from 49.6% to 56.8% in men, while remained stable in women (55.2% vs 54.9%). In both WOBASZ surveys the likelihood of physical inactivity was higher in less educated individuals, smokers and those living in large agglomerations (p<0.01). No significant changes were observed in occupational activity in men between the surveys, while in women percentage of sedentary work increased from 43.4% to % 49.4% (p<0.01). Commuting PA decreased significantly in both genders (p<0.001). About 79.3% of men and 71.3% of women reported no active commuting in the WOBASZ II survey. CONCLUSIONS: The observed unfavourable changes in PA emphasize the need for novel intervention concepts in order to reverse this direction. Further detailed monitoring of PA patterns in Poland is of particular importance. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27272130/Ten_Year_Changes_in_the_Prevalence_and_Socio_Demographic_Determinants_of_Physical_Activity_among_Polish_Adults_Aged_20_to_74_Years__Results_of_the_National_Multicenter_Health_Surveys_WOBASZ__2003_2005__and_WOBASZ_II__2013_2014__ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156766 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -