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REFLECTIONS ON QUALITY AND DOSAGE OF PRESCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT.
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2016 06; 81(2):100-13.MS

Abstract

This ambitious monograph tackles several important questions related to children's preschool experiences that have relevance for program and policy initiatives at the state and federal levels. The authors' approach is rigorous: they conduct parallel analyses across eight large and diverse studies of preschool children in center care and use meta-analysis to summarize patterns across studies. The study finds nonlinear associations between preschool quality and gains in language and literacy skills, with larger associations in higher versus lower quality classrooms. Results also show that domain-specific measures of preschool quality were more strongly related to children's development than global quality measures. The "dosage" of preschool was likewise important: more years in Head Start predicted larger vocabulary and literacy gains, whereas more time spent on instruction predicted greater literacy and math skills growth. In this commentary, we situate these findings in the broader literature addressing links between preschool experiences and children's development and discuss key takeaways for research, practice, and policy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 4123 Sennott Square, 210 South Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260.Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Comment

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27273510

Citation

Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth, and Portia Miller. "REFLECTIONS ON QUALITY and DOSAGE of PRESCHOOL and CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT." Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, vol. 81, no. 2, 2016, pp. 100-13.
Votruba-Drzal E, Miller P. REFLECTIONS ON QUALITY AND DOSAGE OF PRESCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2016;81(2):100-13.
Votruba-Drzal, E., & Miller, P. (2016). REFLECTIONS ON QUALITY AND DOSAGE OF PRESCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 81(2), 100-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/mono.12244
Votruba-Drzal E, Miller P. REFLECTIONS ON QUALITY and DOSAGE of PRESCHOOL and CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2016;81(2):100-13. PubMed PMID: 27273510.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - REFLECTIONS ON QUALITY AND DOSAGE OF PRESCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT. AU - Votruba-Drzal,Elizabeth, AU - Miller,Portia, PY - 2016/6/9/entrez PY - 2016/6/9/pubmed PY - 2019/6/5/medline SP - 100 EP - 13 JF - Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development JO - Monogr Soc Res Child Dev VL - 81 IS - 2 N2 - This ambitious monograph tackles several important questions related to children's preschool experiences that have relevance for program and policy initiatives at the state and federal levels. The authors' approach is rigorous: they conduct parallel analyses across eight large and diverse studies of preschool children in center care and use meta-analysis to summarize patterns across studies. The study finds nonlinear associations between preschool quality and gains in language and literacy skills, with larger associations in higher versus lower quality classrooms. Results also show that domain-specific measures of preschool quality were more strongly related to children's development than global quality measures. The "dosage" of preschool was likewise important: more years in Head Start predicted larger vocabulary and literacy gains, whereas more time spent on instruction predicted greater literacy and math skills growth. In this commentary, we situate these findings in the broader literature addressing links between preschool experiences and children's development and discuss key takeaways for research, practice, and policy. SN - 1540-5834 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27273510/REFLECTIONS_ON_QUALITY_AND_DOSAGE_OF_PRESCHOOL_AND_CHILDREN'S_DEVELOPMENT_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/mono.12244 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -