[CLINICAL STUDY OF INTERNAL TENSION-RELIEVING TECHNIQUE IN ARTHROSCOPIC ASSISTED ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION].Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2016 Feb; 30(2):138-42.ZX
To study the effectiveness of internal tension-relieving technique for arthroscopic assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.
Between March 2011 and September 2014, 51 cases of complete ACL rupture were randomly divided into 2 groups. Arthroscopic assisted single-bundle ACL reconstruction combined with internal tension-relieving technique was performed in 26 cases (group A), arthroscopic assisted single-bundle ACL reconstruction in 25 cases (group B). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, injured side, body mass index, Outerbridge classification of articular cartilage injury, disease duration, and the preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, and KT-1000 test value between 2 groups (P>0.05). At 3, 6, and 12 months after operation, the KT-1000 was used to measure the anterior stability, and IKDC and Lysholm scores to evaluate the function of knee joint.
Healing of incision by first intention was obtained in all patients of 2 groups, without complications of infection, deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity, and blood vessels and nerves injury. The patients were followed up 12 months after operation. All patients received second microscopic examination. The reconstructed ACL had good continuity and good coverage of synovial tissue. There was no re-rupture in any cases. The range of motion of the knee joint was close to normal. The MRI showed good healing of the ligament and the bone tunnel at 12 months after operation. KT-1000 test value, IKDC score, and Lysholm score at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation were significantly improved when compared with preoperative ones (P<0.05), but no significant difference was found among different time points after operation (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in IKDC score and Lysholm score between 2 groups at 3 and 12 months (P>0.05); but IKDC score and Lysholm score of group A were significantly higher than those of group B (P<0.05) at 6 months. At diffenent time points after operation, the KT-1000 test values of group A were significantly lower than those of group B (P<0.05) except the value at 3 months (P>0.05).
For patients with ACL rupture, using internal tension-relieving technique can effectively alleviate tension force of reconstructed ligament, which is beneficial to the healing of reconstructed ligament and early rehabilitation of the knee joint.