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The effect of lexical factors on recall from working memory: Generalizing the neighborhood size effect.
Can J Exp Psychol 2017; 71(1):23-31CJ

Abstract

The word-length effect, the finding that lists of short words are better recalled than lists of long words, is 1 of the 4 benchmark phenomena that guided development of the phonological loop component of working memory. However, previous work has noted a confound in word-length studies: The short words used had more orthographic neighbors (valid words that can be made by changing a single letter in the target word) than long words. The confound is that words with more neighbors are better recalled than otherwise comparable words with fewer neighbors. Two experiments are reported that address criticisms of the neighborhood-size account of the word-length effect by (1) testing 2 new stimulus sets, (2) using open rather than closed pools of words, and (3) using stimuli from a language other than English. In both experiments, words from large neighborhoods were better recalled than words from small neighborhoods. The results add to the growing number of studies demonstrating the substantial contribution of long-term memory to what have traditionally been identified as working memory tasks. The data are more easily explained by models incorporating the concept of redintegration rather than by frameworks such as the phonological loop that posit decay offset by rehearsal. (PsycINFO Database Record

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.École de psychologie, Université de Moncton.École de psychologie, Université de Moncton.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27281676

Citation

Derraugh, Lesley S., et al. "The Effect of Lexical Factors On Recall From Working Memory: Generalizing the Neighborhood Size Effect." Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale, vol. 71, no. 1, 2017, pp. 23-31.
Derraugh LS, Neath I, Surprenant AM, et al. The effect of lexical factors on recall from working memory: Generalizing the neighborhood size effect. Can J Exp Psychol. 2017;71(1):23-31.
Derraugh, L. S., Neath, I., Surprenant, A. M., Beaudry, O., & Saint-Aubin, J. (2017). The effect of lexical factors on recall from working memory: Generalizing the neighborhood size effect. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale, 71(1), pp. 23-31. doi:10.1037/cep0000098.
Derraugh LS, et al. The Effect of Lexical Factors On Recall From Working Memory: Generalizing the Neighborhood Size Effect. Can J Exp Psychol. 2017;71(1):23-31. PubMed PMID: 27281676.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of lexical factors on recall from working memory: Generalizing the neighborhood size effect. AU - Derraugh,Lesley S, AU - Neath,Ian, AU - Surprenant,Aimée M, AU - Beaudry,Olivia, AU - Saint-Aubin,Jean, Y1 - 2016/06/09/ PY - 2016/6/10/pubmed PY - 2017/3/11/medline PY - 2016/6/10/entrez SP - 23 EP - 31 JF - Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale JO - Can J Exp Psychol VL - 71 IS - 1 N2 - The word-length effect, the finding that lists of short words are better recalled than lists of long words, is 1 of the 4 benchmark phenomena that guided development of the phonological loop component of working memory. However, previous work has noted a confound in word-length studies: The short words used had more orthographic neighbors (valid words that can be made by changing a single letter in the target word) than long words. The confound is that words with more neighbors are better recalled than otherwise comparable words with fewer neighbors. Two experiments are reported that address criticisms of the neighborhood-size account of the word-length effect by (1) testing 2 new stimulus sets, (2) using open rather than closed pools of words, and (3) using stimuli from a language other than English. In both experiments, words from large neighborhoods were better recalled than words from small neighborhoods. The results add to the growing number of studies demonstrating the substantial contribution of long-term memory to what have traditionally been identified as working memory tasks. The data are more easily explained by models incorporating the concept of redintegration rather than by frameworks such as the phonological loop that posit decay offset by rehearsal. (PsycINFO Database Record SN - 1878-7290 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27281676/The_effect_of_lexical_factors_on_recall_from_working_memory:_Generalizing_the_neighborhood_size_effect_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/cep/71/1/23 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -