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Injuries in world junior ice hockey championships between 2006 and 2015.
Br J Sports Med 2017; 51(1):36-43BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Detailed injury data are not available for international ice hockey tournaments played by junior athletes. We report the incidence, type, mechanism and severity of injuries in males under ages 18 and 20 at junior ice hockey World Championships during 2006-2015.

METHODS

All injuries in the International Ice Hockey Federation World Junior under-20 (WJ U20) Championship and under-18 (WJ U18) Championship were collected over a 9-year period using a strict injury definition, a standardised injury reporting system and diagnoses made by a team physician.

RESULTS

633 injuries were recorded in 1326 games over a 9-year period, resulting in an injury rate (IR) of 11.0 per 1000 player-games and 39.8/1000 player-game hours. The IRs in all tournaments were 4.3/1000 player-games for the head and face, 3.2 for the upper body, 2.6 for the lower body and 1.0 for the spine and trunk. A laceration was the most common injury type followed by a sprain. Lacerations accounted for 80% (IR 3.6) of facial injuries in WJ U20 tournaments. The shoulder was the most common injury site (IR 2.0) in WJ U18 tournaments. Board contact was the mechanism for 59% of these shoulder injuries. Concussion was the most common head and face injury (46%; IR 1.2) in WJ U18 tournaments.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The risk of injury among male junior ice hockey players was lower than the reported rates in adult men but higher than that in women. Facial lacerations were common in U20 junior players (WJ U20) since most wear only partial facial protection (visor). The IR for shoulder injuries was high in U18 junior players (WJ U18). Suggested strategies for injury prevention include full facial protection for all players and flexible board and glass for all junior tournaments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medisport Ltd., Tampere, Finland.Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.Ottawa Sport Medicine Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Injury and Osteoporosis Research Center, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland.Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27281776

Citation

Tuominen, Markku, et al. "Injuries in World Junior Ice Hockey Championships Between 2006 and 2015." British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 51, no. 1, 2017, pp. 36-43.
Tuominen M, Stuart MJ, Aubry M, et al. Injuries in world junior ice hockey championships between 2006 and 2015. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51(1):36-43.
Tuominen, M., Stuart, M. J., Aubry, M., Kannus, P., & Parkkari, J. (2017). Injuries in world junior ice hockey championships between 2006 and 2015. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(1), pp. 36-43. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-095992.
Tuominen M, et al. Injuries in World Junior Ice Hockey Championships Between 2006 and 2015. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51(1):36-43. PubMed PMID: 27281776.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Injuries in world junior ice hockey championships between 2006 and 2015. AU - Tuominen,Markku, AU - Stuart,Michael J, AU - Aubry,Mark, AU - Kannus,Pekka, AU - Parkkari,Jari, Y1 - 2016/06/08/ PY - 2016/05/20/accepted PY - 2016/6/10/pubmed PY - 2017/4/7/medline PY - 2016/6/10/entrez KW - Adolescent KW - Concussion KW - Epidemiology KW - Ice hockey KW - Injury prevention SP - 36 EP - 43 JF - British journal of sports medicine JO - Br J Sports Med VL - 51 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Detailed injury data are not available for international ice hockey tournaments played by junior athletes. We report the incidence, type, mechanism and severity of injuries in males under ages 18 and 20 at junior ice hockey World Championships during 2006-2015. METHODS: All injuries in the International Ice Hockey Federation World Junior under-20 (WJ U20) Championship and under-18 (WJ U18) Championship were collected over a 9-year period using a strict injury definition, a standardised injury reporting system and diagnoses made by a team physician. RESULTS: 633 injuries were recorded in 1326 games over a 9-year period, resulting in an injury rate (IR) of 11.0 per 1000 player-games and 39.8/1000 player-game hours. The IRs in all tournaments were 4.3/1000 player-games for the head and face, 3.2 for the upper body, 2.6 for the lower body and 1.0 for the spine and trunk. A laceration was the most common injury type followed by a sprain. Lacerations accounted for 80% (IR 3.6) of facial injuries in WJ U20 tournaments. The shoulder was the most common injury site (IR 2.0) in WJ U18 tournaments. Board contact was the mechanism for 59% of these shoulder injuries. Concussion was the most common head and face injury (46%; IR 1.2) in WJ U18 tournaments. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The risk of injury among male junior ice hockey players was lower than the reported rates in adult men but higher than that in women. Facial lacerations were common in U20 junior players (WJ U20) since most wear only partial facial protection (visor). The IR for shoulder injuries was high in U18 junior players (WJ U18). Suggested strategies for injury prevention include full facial protection for all players and flexible board and glass for all junior tournaments. SN - 1473-0480 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27281776/Injuries_in_world_junior_ice_hockey_championships_between_2006_and_2015_ L2 - http://bjsm.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=27281776 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -