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Synergistic anti-liver fibrosis actions of total astragalus saponins and glycyrrhizic acid via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway modulation.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Aug 22; 190:83-90.JE

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE

Huangqi decoction (HQD) is a well-known traditional Chinese herbal formulation, It is an effective treatment for consumptive disease and chronic liver diseases. It consists of Radix Astragali (Astragalus membranceus(Fisch.) Bge. Root, Huangqi) and Radix Glycyrrhizae (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., root and rhizome, Gancao). Total astragalus saponins (AST) is a main component of Radix Astragali and glycyrrhizic acid(GA) is a main component of Radix Glycyrrhizae. Our primary results showed that the combination of AST and GA had an obvious synergistic effect in reducing liver collagen deposition and decreasing serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity in dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced liver fibrosis.

AIM OF THE STUDY

Through in vivo and in vitro experiments, we aimed at investigating the key anti-fibrosis signal pathway TGF-β1/Smads to further explore the synergistic mechanism of AST and GA.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Two hepatic fibrosis animal models, bile duct ligation-induced (BDL) and DMN-induced, were utilized. Rats were treated orally with AST, GA or AST/GA, with the effects evaluated via liver histopathology, hydroxyproline (Hyp) levels, and α-SMA expression. In the hepatic stellate cell line JS-1, cells were treated with AST/GA for 24h, followed by a cell viability assessment using Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8) and Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis of α-SMA, ColⅠ and TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway related components.

RESULTS

The AST/GA combination attenuated liver tissue inflammation, collagen deposition, Hyp levels, and α-SMA expression in both BDL-and DMN-stimulated hepatic fibrosis rats. In vitro results showed that the AST/GA combination significantly inhibited JS-1 cell viability, significantly suppressed α-SMA, ColⅠ, TGF-β1, Smad2 and Smad3 mRNA and protein expression, as well reduced p-Smad2/3. Compared with AST or GA treatment alone, the AST/GA combination significantly reduced Smad3 mRNA expression levels and TGF-β1, Smad3, and p-Smad2/3 protein levels.

CONCLUSIONS

AST and GA synergistically alleviated both BDL-and DMN-induced hepatic fibrosis via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway inhibition in hepatic stellate cells.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Department of Biology, School of Basic Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.Key Laboratory of Liver and Kidney Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; E-institute of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. Electronic address: liuliver@vip.sina.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27282665

Citation

Zhou, Yuping, et al. "Synergistic Anti-liver Fibrosis Actions of Total Astragalus Saponins and Glycyrrhizic Acid Via TGF-β1/Smads Signaling Pathway Modulation." Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 190, 2016, pp. 83-90.
Zhou Y, Tong X, Ren S, et al. Synergistic anti-liver fibrosis actions of total astragalus saponins and glycyrrhizic acid via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway modulation. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;190:83-90.
Zhou, Y., Tong, X., Ren, S., Wang, X., Chen, J., Mu, Y., Sun, M., Chen, G., Zhang, H., & Liu, P. (2016). Synergistic anti-liver fibrosis actions of total astragalus saponins and glycyrrhizic acid via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway modulation. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 190, 83-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2016.06.011
Zhou Y, et al. Synergistic Anti-liver Fibrosis Actions of Total Astragalus Saponins and Glycyrrhizic Acid Via TGF-β1/Smads Signaling Pathway Modulation. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Aug 22;190:83-90. PubMed PMID: 27282665.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Synergistic anti-liver fibrosis actions of total astragalus saponins and glycyrrhizic acid via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway modulation. AU - Zhou,Yuping, AU - Tong,Xin, AU - Ren,Shuang, AU - Wang,Xiaoling, AU - Chen,Jiamei, AU - Mu,Yongping, AU - Sun,Mingyu, AU - Chen,Gaofeng, AU - Zhang,Hua, AU - Liu,Ping, Y1 - 2016/06/06/ PY - 2016/02/02/received PY - 2016/06/02/revised PY - 2016/06/04/accepted PY - 2016/6/11/entrez PY - 2016/6/11/pubmed PY - 2017/4/19/medline KW - Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) KW - Liver fibrosis KW - Tgf-β1/smads KW - Total astragalus saponins (AST) SP - 83 EP - 90 JF - Journal of ethnopharmacology JO - J Ethnopharmacol VL - 190 N2 - ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Huangqi decoction (HQD) is a well-known traditional Chinese herbal formulation, It is an effective treatment for consumptive disease and chronic liver diseases. It consists of Radix Astragali (Astragalus membranceus(Fisch.) Bge. Root, Huangqi) and Radix Glycyrrhizae (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., root and rhizome, Gancao). Total astragalus saponins (AST) is a main component of Radix Astragali and glycyrrhizic acid(GA) is a main component of Radix Glycyrrhizae. Our primary results showed that the combination of AST and GA had an obvious synergistic effect in reducing liver collagen deposition and decreasing serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity in dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced liver fibrosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: Through in vivo and in vitro experiments, we aimed at investigating the key anti-fibrosis signal pathway TGF-β1/Smads to further explore the synergistic mechanism of AST and GA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hepatic fibrosis animal models, bile duct ligation-induced (BDL) and DMN-induced, were utilized. Rats were treated orally with AST, GA or AST/GA, with the effects evaluated via liver histopathology, hydroxyproline (Hyp) levels, and α-SMA expression. In the hepatic stellate cell line JS-1, cells were treated with AST/GA for 24h, followed by a cell viability assessment using Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8) and Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis of α-SMA, ColⅠ and TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway related components. RESULTS: The AST/GA combination attenuated liver tissue inflammation, collagen deposition, Hyp levels, and α-SMA expression in both BDL-and DMN-stimulated hepatic fibrosis rats. In vitro results showed that the AST/GA combination significantly inhibited JS-1 cell viability, significantly suppressed α-SMA, ColⅠ, TGF-β1, Smad2 and Smad3 mRNA and protein expression, as well reduced p-Smad2/3. Compared with AST or GA treatment alone, the AST/GA combination significantly reduced Smad3 mRNA expression levels and TGF-β1, Smad3, and p-Smad2/3 protein levels. CONCLUSIONS: AST and GA synergistically alleviated both BDL-and DMN-induced hepatic fibrosis via TGF-β1/Smads signaling pathway inhibition in hepatic stellate cells. SN - 1872-7573 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27282665/Synergistic_anti_liver_fibrosis_actions_of_total_astragalus_saponins_and_glycyrrhizic_acid_via_TGF_β1/Smads_signaling_pathway_modulation_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378-8741(16)30366-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -