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Sleep disordered breathing symptoms and daytime sleepiness are associated with emotional problems and poor school performance in children.
Psychiatry Res. 2016 Aug 30; 242:218-225.PR

Abstract

This study examined the prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms and their associations with daytime sleepiness, emotional problems, and school performance in Chinese children. Participants included 3979 children (10.99±0.99 years old) from four elementary schools in Jintan City, Jiangsu Province, China. Children completed a self-administered questionnaire on sleep behavior and emotional problems, while parents completed the Child Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ). SDB symptoms included 3 items: loud snoring, stopped breathing, and snorting/gasping during sleep. Teachers rated the children's school performance. The prevalence rates of parent- and self-reported SDB symptoms were 17.2% and 10.1% for "sometimes" and 8.9% and 5.6% for "usually". SDB symptoms, more prevalent in boys than in girls, increased the risks for depression, loneliness, and poor school performance. Daytime sleepiness mediated the relationship between SDB symptoms and depression, loneliness, and poor school performance. This study suggests the importance of early screening and intervention of SDB and daytime sleepiness in child behavioral and cognitive development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: jhliu@nursing.upenn.edu.Shandong University School of Public Health, Jinan, China. Electronic address: xclpsymd@gmail.com.University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA.University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA.Jintan People's Hospital, Jintan, China.University of Pennsylvania, School of Education, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27289327

Citation

Liu, Jianghong, et al. "Sleep Disordered Breathing Symptoms and Daytime Sleepiness Are Associated With Emotional Problems and Poor School Performance in Children." Psychiatry Research, vol. 242, 2016, pp. 218-225.
Liu J, Liu X, Ji X, et al. Sleep disordered breathing symptoms and daytime sleepiness are associated with emotional problems and poor school performance in children. Psychiatry Res. 2016;242:218-225.
Liu, J., Liu, X., Ji, X., Wang, Y., Zhou, G., & Chen, X. (2016). Sleep disordered breathing symptoms and daytime sleepiness are associated with emotional problems and poor school performance in children. Psychiatry Research, 242, 218-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.05.017
Liu J, et al. Sleep Disordered Breathing Symptoms and Daytime Sleepiness Are Associated With Emotional Problems and Poor School Performance in Children. Psychiatry Res. 2016 Aug 30;242:218-225. PubMed PMID: 27289327.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sleep disordered breathing symptoms and daytime sleepiness are associated with emotional problems and poor school performance in children. AU - Liu,Jianghong, AU - Liu,Xianchen, AU - Ji,Xiaopeng, AU - Wang,Yingjie, AU - Zhou,Guoping, AU - Chen,Xinyin, Y1 - 2016/05/24/ PY - 2015/08/20/received PY - 2016/05/13/revised PY - 2016/05/13/accepted PY - 2016/6/13/entrez PY - 2016/6/13/pubmed PY - 2017/11/29/medline KW - Behavior outcomes KW - Chinese children KW - Daytime sleepiness KW - Emotional problems KW - School performance KW - Sleep disordered breathing SP - 218 EP - 225 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 242 N2 - This study examined the prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms and their associations with daytime sleepiness, emotional problems, and school performance in Chinese children. Participants included 3979 children (10.99±0.99 years old) from four elementary schools in Jintan City, Jiangsu Province, China. Children completed a self-administered questionnaire on sleep behavior and emotional problems, while parents completed the Child Sleep Habit Questionnaire (CSHQ). SDB symptoms included 3 items: loud snoring, stopped breathing, and snorting/gasping during sleep. Teachers rated the children's school performance. The prevalence rates of parent- and self-reported SDB symptoms were 17.2% and 10.1% for "sometimes" and 8.9% and 5.6% for "usually". SDB symptoms, more prevalent in boys than in girls, increased the risks for depression, loneliness, and poor school performance. Daytime sleepiness mediated the relationship between SDB symptoms and depression, loneliness, and poor school performance. This study suggests the importance of early screening and intervention of SDB and daytime sleepiness in child behavioral and cognitive development. SN - 1872-7123 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27289327/Sleep_disordered_breathing_symptoms_and_daytime_sleepiness_are_associated_with_emotional_problems_and_poor_school_performance_in_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(15)30196-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -