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Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values from Adolescence into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links with Parent-Youth Conflict.
J Youth Adolesc. 2016 12; 45(12):2417-2430.JY

Abstract

A critical step in capturing family processes is to incorporate the perspectives and experiences of multiple family members toward characterizing how families operate as systems. Although some research has examined differences between parents' and youth's family experiences, most studies have focused on European American families, and we know little about the nature and implications of divergent parent-youth experiences in other ethnic groups. Accordingly, we focused on Mexican-origin families and assessed the links between mother-youth and father-youth differences in familism values and parent-youth conflict from early adolescence into young adulthood. Participants were mothers, fathers, and two siblings (248 female and 244 male, 51 % female; M age = 14.02 years) from 246 families who were interviewed in their homes on three occasions over 8 years. We operationalized parent-youth differences in familism values using difference scores, controlling for mean levels of familism. Multilevel models revealed that mothers' and fathers' familism values remained relatively stable over time, but youth's familism values declined until age 17, stabilized, and then increased slightly in young adulthood. Lagged models tested directions of effect by examining whether parent-youth differences in familism values predicted parent-youth conflict or vice versa. The findings revealed that parent-youth conflict predicted greater differences in parent-youth familism values, but differences in familism values did not predict conflict. Our findings align with a family systems perspective in documenting the significance of differences between family members' perspectives and highlighting that such processes are dynamic. Further, by testing bi-directional associations in longitudinal models, we were able to disentangle the temporal ordering of differences in familism values and parent-youth conflict thereby advancing understanding of parent-youth discrepancies in cultural values.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Pennsylvania State University, 16 Henderson, University Park, PA, 16802, USA. jzp170@psu.edu.The Pennsylvania State University, 16 Henderson, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.The Pennsylvania State University, 416 Biobehavioral Health, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, 85287, USA.T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, 85287, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27299763

Citation

Padilla, Jenny, et al. "Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values From Adolescence Into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links With Parent-Youth Conflict." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 45, no. 12, 2016, pp. 2417-2430.
Padilla J, McHale SM, Rovine MJ, et al. Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values from Adolescence into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links with Parent-Youth Conflict. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(12):2417-2430.
Padilla, J., McHale, S. M., Rovine, M. J., Updegraff, K. A., & Umaña-Taylor, A. J. (2016). Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values from Adolescence into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links with Parent-Youth Conflict. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(12), 2417-2430.
Padilla J, et al. Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values From Adolescence Into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links With Parent-Youth Conflict. J Youth Adolesc. 2016;45(12):2417-2430. PubMed PMID: 27299763.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parent-Youth Differences in Familism Values from Adolescence into Young Adulthood: Developmental Course and Links with Parent-Youth Conflict. AU - Padilla,Jenny, AU - McHale,Susan M, AU - Rovine,Michael J, AU - Updegraff,Kimberly A, AU - Umaña-Taylor,Adriana J, Y1 - 2016/06/14/ PY - 2016/05/23/received PY - 2016/06/02/accepted PY - 2016/6/15/pubmed PY - 2018/1/27/medline PY - 2016/6/15/entrez KW - Adolescence KW - Familism values KW - Mexican-origin families KW - Parent–youth conflict KW - Young adulthood SP - 2417 EP - 2430 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 45 IS - 12 N2 - A critical step in capturing family processes is to incorporate the perspectives and experiences of multiple family members toward characterizing how families operate as systems. Although some research has examined differences between parents' and youth's family experiences, most studies have focused on European American families, and we know little about the nature and implications of divergent parent-youth experiences in other ethnic groups. Accordingly, we focused on Mexican-origin families and assessed the links between mother-youth and father-youth differences in familism values and parent-youth conflict from early adolescence into young adulthood. Participants were mothers, fathers, and two siblings (248 female and 244 male, 51 % female; M age = 14.02 years) from 246 families who were interviewed in their homes on three occasions over 8 years. We operationalized parent-youth differences in familism values using difference scores, controlling for mean levels of familism. Multilevel models revealed that mothers' and fathers' familism values remained relatively stable over time, but youth's familism values declined until age 17, stabilized, and then increased slightly in young adulthood. Lagged models tested directions of effect by examining whether parent-youth differences in familism values predicted parent-youth conflict or vice versa. The findings revealed that parent-youth conflict predicted greater differences in parent-youth familism values, but differences in familism values did not predict conflict. Our findings align with a family systems perspective in documenting the significance of differences between family members' perspectives and highlighting that such processes are dynamic. Further, by testing bi-directional associations in longitudinal models, we were able to disentangle the temporal ordering of differences in familism values and parent-youth conflict thereby advancing understanding of parent-youth discrepancies in cultural values. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27299763/Parent_Youth_Differences_in_Familism_Values_from_Adolescence_into_Young_Adulthood:_Developmental_Course_and_Links_with_Parent_Youth_Conflict_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0518-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -