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Portal vein stent placement with or without varix embolization of jejunal variceal bleeding after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery.
Acta Radiol. 2017 Apr; 58(4):423-429.AR

Abstract

Background Extrahepatic portal hypertension after surgery involving the duodenum or jejunum might result in massive ectopic variceal bleeding. Purpose To report the results of portal vein stent placement with the addition of variceal embolization. Material and Methods Between January 2000 and June 2015, portal vein stent placement was attempted in 477 patients. Of these, 22 patients (age, 63 ± 10 years) with jejunal variceal bleeding caused by portal vein obstruction after surgery were included in this study. Computed tomography (CT) findings before and after treatment and the rates of technical and clinical success, complications, and clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. Results Stent placement was successful in 19 of 22 patients. Additional variceal embolization was performed in five cases. Clinical success, defined as the cessation of bleeding without recurrence within 1 month, was achieved in 18 of 19 patients with technical success. One patient developed recurrent bleeding 4 days after stent placement and was successfully treated with additional variceal embolization. There were no procedure-related complications. A regression of the jejunal varices was noted in 14 of 19 patients on follow-up CT scans. During the follow-up period (258 days; range, 7-1196 days), stent occlusion and recurrent bleeding occurred in six and four patients, respectively, of the 19 patients who achieved technical success. Statistical analyses revealed no significant differences regarding stent patency between benign and malignant strictures. Conclusion Percutaneous, transhepatic, portal vein stent placement with or without jejunal variceal embolization appears to be a safe and effective treatment for jejunal variceal bleeding after surgery.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27307028

Citation

Shim, Dong Jae, et al. "Portal Vein Stent Placement With or Without Varix Embolization of Jejunal Variceal Bleeding After Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery." Acta Radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), vol. 58, no. 4, 2017, pp. 423-429.
Shim DJ, Shin JH, Ko GY, et al. Portal vein stent placement with or without varix embolization of jejunal variceal bleeding after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery. Acta Radiol. 2017;58(4):423-429.
Shim, D. J., Shin, J. H., Ko, G. Y., Kim, Y., Han, K., Gwon, D. I., & Ko, H. K. (2017). Portal vein stent placement with or without varix embolization of jejunal variceal bleeding after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery. Acta Radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), 58(4), 423-429. https://doi.org/10.1177/0284185116654329
Shim DJ, et al. Portal Vein Stent Placement With or Without Varix Embolization of Jejunal Variceal Bleeding After Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery. Acta Radiol. 2017;58(4):423-429. PubMed PMID: 27307028.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Portal vein stent placement with or without varix embolization of jejunal variceal bleeding after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery. AU - Shim,Dong Jae, AU - Shin,Ji Hoon, AU - Ko,Gi-Young, AU - Kim,Yook, AU - Han,Kichang, AU - Gwon,Dong-Il, AU - Ko,Heung-Kyu, Y1 - 2016/07/19/ PY - 2016/6/17/pubmed PY - 2017/4/1/medline PY - 2016/6/17/entrez KW - Gastrointestinal hemorrhage KW - duodenum/surgery KW - hypertension KW - portal KW - portal vein KW - stents KW - therapeutic embolization SP - 423 EP - 429 JF - Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) JO - Acta Radiol VL - 58 IS - 4 N2 - Background Extrahepatic portal hypertension after surgery involving the duodenum or jejunum might result in massive ectopic variceal bleeding. Purpose To report the results of portal vein stent placement with the addition of variceal embolization. Material and Methods Between January 2000 and June 2015, portal vein stent placement was attempted in 477 patients. Of these, 22 patients (age, 63 ± 10 years) with jejunal variceal bleeding caused by portal vein obstruction after surgery were included in this study. Computed tomography (CT) findings before and after treatment and the rates of technical and clinical success, complications, and clinical outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. Results Stent placement was successful in 19 of 22 patients. Additional variceal embolization was performed in five cases. Clinical success, defined as the cessation of bleeding without recurrence within 1 month, was achieved in 18 of 19 patients with technical success. One patient developed recurrent bleeding 4 days after stent placement and was successfully treated with additional variceal embolization. There were no procedure-related complications. A regression of the jejunal varices was noted in 14 of 19 patients on follow-up CT scans. During the follow-up period (258 days; range, 7-1196 days), stent occlusion and recurrent bleeding occurred in six and four patients, respectively, of the 19 patients who achieved technical success. Statistical analyses revealed no significant differences regarding stent patency between benign and malignant strictures. Conclusion Percutaneous, transhepatic, portal vein stent placement with or without jejunal variceal embolization appears to be a safe and effective treatment for jejunal variceal bleeding after surgery. SN - 1600-0455 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27307028/Portal_vein_stent_placement_with_or_without_varix_embolization_of_jejunal_variceal_bleeding_after_hepatopancreatobiliary_surgery_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0284185116654329?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -