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Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study.
Br J Nutr. 2016 08; 116(4):700-9.BJ

Abstract

Limited information is available on large-scale populations regarding the socio-demographic and nutrient profiles and eating behaviour of consumers, taking into account both organic and conventional foods. The aims of this study were to draw up a typology of consumers according to their eating habits, based both on their dietary patterns and the mode of food production, and to outline their socio-demographic, behavioural and nutritional characteristics. Data were collected from 28 245 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary information was obtained using a 264-item, semi-quantitative, organic FFQ. To identify clusters of consumers, principal component analysis was applied on sixteen conventional and sixteen organic food groups followed by a clustering procedure. The following five clusters of consumers were identified: (1) a cluster characterised by low energy intake, low consumption of organic food and high prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes; (2) a cluster of big eaters of conventional foods with high intakes of SFA and cholesterol; (3) a cluster with high consumption of organic food and relatively adequate nutritional diet quality; (4) a group with a high percentage of organic food consumers, 14 % of which were either vegetarians or vegans, who exhibited a high nutritional diet quality and a low prevalence of inadequate intakes of most vitamins except B12; and (5) a group of moderate organic food consumers with a particularly high intake of proteins and alcohol and a poor nutritional diet quality. These findings may have implications for future aetiological studies investigating the potential impact of organic food consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.3Nutrition, Obésité et Risque Thrombotique (NORT),Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM),UMR S 1062,Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) 1260,Aix Marseille Université,13005 Marseille,France.1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27311793

Citation

Baudry, Julia, et al. "Typology of Eaters Based On Conventional and Organic Food Consumption: Results From the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 116, no. 4, 2016, pp. 700-9.
Baudry J, Touvier M, Allès B, et al. Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Br J Nutr. 2016;116(4):700-9.
Baudry, J., Touvier, M., Allès, B., Péneau, S., Méjean, C., Galan, P., Hercberg, S., Lairon, D., & Kesse-Guyot, E. (2016). Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. The British Journal of Nutrition, 116(4), 700-9. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516002427
Baudry J, et al. Typology of Eaters Based On Conventional and Organic Food Consumption: Results From the NutriNet-Santé Cohort Study. Br J Nutr. 2016;116(4):700-9. PubMed PMID: 27311793.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. AU - Baudry,Julia, AU - Touvier,Mathilde, AU - Allès,Benjamin, AU - Péneau,Sandrine, AU - Méjean,Caroline, AU - Galan,Pilar, AU - Hercberg,Serge, AU - Lairon,Denis, AU - Kesse-Guyot,Emmanuelle, Y1 - 2016/06/17/ PY - 2016/6/18/entrez PY - 2016/6/18/pubmed PY - 2017/5/24/medline KW - Clusters KW - Dietary patterns KW - Nutrient intakes KW - Org-FFQ organic FFQ KW - Organic foods KW - Profiles of consumers KW - mPNNS-GS modified Programme National Nutrition Santé Guidelines Score SP - 700 EP - 9 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 116 IS - 4 N2 - Limited information is available on large-scale populations regarding the socio-demographic and nutrient profiles and eating behaviour of consumers, taking into account both organic and conventional foods. The aims of this study were to draw up a typology of consumers according to their eating habits, based both on their dietary patterns and the mode of food production, and to outline their socio-demographic, behavioural and nutritional characteristics. Data were collected from 28 245 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary information was obtained using a 264-item, semi-quantitative, organic FFQ. To identify clusters of consumers, principal component analysis was applied on sixteen conventional and sixteen organic food groups followed by a clustering procedure. The following five clusters of consumers were identified: (1) a cluster characterised by low energy intake, low consumption of organic food and high prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes; (2) a cluster of big eaters of conventional foods with high intakes of SFA and cholesterol; (3) a cluster with high consumption of organic food and relatively adequate nutritional diet quality; (4) a group with a high percentage of organic food consumers, 14 % of which were either vegetarians or vegans, who exhibited a high nutritional diet quality and a low prevalence of inadequate intakes of most vitamins except B12; and (5) a group of moderate organic food consumers with a particularly high intake of proteins and alcohol and a poor nutritional diet quality. These findings may have implications for future aetiological studies investigating the potential impact of organic food consumption. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27311793/Typology_of_eaters_based_on_conventional_and_organic_food_consumption:_results_from_the_NutriNet_Santé_cohort_study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114516002427/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -