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A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study.
Transplantation 2016; 100(8):1692-8T

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Sarcopenia and functional impairment are common and lethal extrahepatic manifestations of cirrhosis. We aimed to determine the association between computed tomography (CT)-based measures of muscle mass and quality (sarcopenia) and performance-based measures of muscle function.

METHODS

Adults listed for liver transplant underwent testing of muscle function (grip strength, Short Physical Performance Battery [SPPB]) within 3 months of abdominal CT. Muscle mass (cm/m) = total cross-sectional area of psoas, paraspinal, and abdominal wall muscles at L3 on CT, normalized for height. Muscle quality = mean Hounsfield units for total skeletal muscle area at L3.

RESULTS

Among 292 candidates, median grip strength was 31 kg, SPPB score was 11, muscle mass was 49 cm/m, and muscle quality was 35 Hounsfield units. Grip strength weakly correlated with muscle mass (ρ = 0.26, P < 0.001) and quality (ρ = 0.27, P < 0.001) in men, and muscle quality (ρ = 0.23, P = 0.02), but not muscle mass, in women. Short Physical Performance Battery correlated weakly with muscle quality in men (ρ = 0.38, P < 0.001) and women (ρ = 0.25, P = 0.02), however, did not correlate with muscle mass in men or women. After adjustment for sex, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD)-Na, hepatocellular carcinoma, and body mass index, grip strength (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.59-0.92; P = 0.008), SPPB (HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82-0.97; P = 0.01), and muscle quality (HR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.63-0.95; P = 0.02) were associated with waitlist mortality, but muscle mass was not (HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.75-1.11; P = 0.35).

CONCLUSIONS

Performance-based tests of muscle function are only modestly associated with CT-based muscle measures. Given that they predict waitlist mortality and can be conducted quickly and economically, tests of muscle function may have greater clinical utility than CT-based measures of sarcopenia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.2 Division of Transplant Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.3 Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.4 Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.5 Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Radiology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27314169

Citation

Wang, Connie W., et al. "A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study." Transplantation, vol. 100, no. 8, 2016, pp. 1692-8.
Wang CW, Feng S, Covinsky KE, et al. A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study. Transplantation. 2016;100(8):1692-8.
Wang, C. W., Feng, S., Covinsky, K. E., Hayssen, H., Zhou, L. Q., Yeh, B. M., & Lai, J. C. (2016). A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study. Transplantation, 100(8), pp. 1692-8. doi:10.1097/TP.0000000000001232.
Wang CW, et al. A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study. Transplantation. 2016;100(8):1692-8. PubMed PMID: 27314169.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study. AU - Wang,Connie W, AU - Feng,Sandy, AU - Covinsky,Kenneth E, AU - Hayssen,Hilary, AU - Zhou,Li-Qin, AU - Yeh,Benjamin M, AU - Lai,Jennifer C, PY - 2016/6/18/entrez PY - 2016/6/18/pubmed PY - 2017/5/30/medline SP - 1692 EP - 8 JF - Transplantation JO - Transplantation VL - 100 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and functional impairment are common and lethal extrahepatic manifestations of cirrhosis. We aimed to determine the association between computed tomography (CT)-based measures of muscle mass and quality (sarcopenia) and performance-based measures of muscle function. METHODS: Adults listed for liver transplant underwent testing of muscle function (grip strength, Short Physical Performance Battery [SPPB]) within 3 months of abdominal CT. Muscle mass (cm/m) = total cross-sectional area of psoas, paraspinal, and abdominal wall muscles at L3 on CT, normalized for height. Muscle quality = mean Hounsfield units for total skeletal muscle area at L3. RESULTS: Among 292 candidates, median grip strength was 31 kg, SPPB score was 11, muscle mass was 49 cm/m, and muscle quality was 35 Hounsfield units. Grip strength weakly correlated with muscle mass (ρ = 0.26, P < 0.001) and quality (ρ = 0.27, P < 0.001) in men, and muscle quality (ρ = 0.23, P = 0.02), but not muscle mass, in women. Short Physical Performance Battery correlated weakly with muscle quality in men (ρ = 0.38, P < 0.001) and women (ρ = 0.25, P = 0.02), however, did not correlate with muscle mass in men or women. After adjustment for sex, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD)-Na, hepatocellular carcinoma, and body mass index, grip strength (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.59-0.92; P = 0.008), SPPB (HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82-0.97; P = 0.01), and muscle quality (HR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.63-0.95; P = 0.02) were associated with waitlist mortality, but muscle mass was not (HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.75-1.11; P = 0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Performance-based tests of muscle function are only modestly associated with CT-based muscle measures. Given that they predict waitlist mortality and can be conducted quickly and economically, tests of muscle function may have greater clinical utility than CT-based measures of sarcopenia. SN - 1534-6080 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27314169/A_Comparison_of_Muscle_Function_Mass_and_Quality_in_Liver_Transplant_Candidates:_Results_From_the_Functional_Assessment_in_Liver_Transplantation_Study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000001232 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -