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African Swine Fever Epidemic, Poland, 2014-2015.
Emerg Infect Dis 2016; 22(7):1201-7EI

Abstract

In Poland, African swine fever (ASF) emerged in February 2014; by August 2015, the virus had been detected in >130 wild boar and in pigs in 3 backyard holdings. We evaluated ASF spread in Poland during these 18 months. Phylogenetic analysis indicated repeated incursions of genetically distinct ASF viruses of genotype II; the number of cases positively correlated wild boar density; and disease spread was very slow. More cases were reported during summer than autumn. The 18-month prevalence of ASF in areas under various animal movement restrictions was 18.6% among wild boar found dead or killed by vehicles and only 0.2% in hunted wild boar. Repeated introductions of the virus into the country, the primary role of wild boar in virus maintenance, and the slow spread of the disease indicate a need for enhanced biosecurity at pig holdings and continuous and intensive surveillance for fast detection of ASF.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27314611

Citation

Śmietanka, Krzysztof, et al. "African Swine Fever Epidemic, Poland, 2014-2015." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 22, no. 7, 2016, pp. 1201-7.
Śmietanka K, Woźniakowski G, Kozak E, et al. African Swine Fever Epidemic, Poland, 2014-2015. Emerging Infect Dis. 2016;22(7):1201-7.
Śmietanka, K., Woźniakowski, G., Kozak, E., Niemczuk, K., Frączyk, M., Bocian, Ł., ... Pejsak, Z. (2016). African Swine Fever Epidemic, Poland, 2014-2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(7), pp. 1201-7. doi:10.3201/eid2207.151708.
Śmietanka K, et al. African Swine Fever Epidemic, Poland, 2014-2015. Emerging Infect Dis. 2016;22(7):1201-7. PubMed PMID: 27314611.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - African Swine Fever Epidemic, Poland, 2014-2015. AU - Śmietanka,Krzysztof, AU - Woźniakowski,Grzegorz, AU - Kozak,Edyta, AU - Niemczuk,Krzysztof, AU - Frączyk,Magdalena, AU - Bocian,Łukasz, AU - Kowalczyk,Andrzej, AU - Pejsak,Zygmunt, PY - 2016/6/18/entrez PY - 2016/6/18/pubmed PY - 2018/1/11/medline KW - African swine fever KW - Poland KW - epidemic KW - epidemiology KW - pigs KW - viruses KW - wild boar SP - 1201 EP - 7 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerging Infect. Dis. VL - 22 IS - 7 N2 - In Poland, African swine fever (ASF) emerged in February 2014; by August 2015, the virus had been detected in >130 wild boar and in pigs in 3 backyard holdings. We evaluated ASF spread in Poland during these 18 months. Phylogenetic analysis indicated repeated incursions of genetically distinct ASF viruses of genotype II; the number of cases positively correlated wild boar density; and disease spread was very slow. More cases were reported during summer than autumn. The 18-month prevalence of ASF in areas under various animal movement restrictions was 18.6% among wild boar found dead or killed by vehicles and only 0.2% in hunted wild boar. Repeated introductions of the virus into the country, the primary role of wild boar in virus maintenance, and the slow spread of the disease indicate a need for enhanced biosecurity at pig holdings and continuous and intensive surveillance for fast detection of ASF. SN - 1080-6059 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27314611/African_Swine_Fever_Epidemic_Poland_2014_2015_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2207.151708 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -