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MERS and the dromedary camel trade between Africa and the Middle East.
Trop Anim Health Prod. 2016 Aug; 48(6):1277-82.TA

Abstract

Dromedary camels are the most likely source for the coronavirus that sporadically causes Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in humans. Serological results from archived camel sera provide evidence for circulation of MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) among dromedary camels in the Greater Horn of Africa as far back as 1983 and in Saudi Arabia as far back as 1992. High seroprevalences of MERS-CoV antibodies and the high virus prevalence in Saudi Arabian dromedary camels indicate an endemicity of the virus in the Arabian Peninsula, which predates the 2012 human MERS index case. Saudi Arabian dromedary camels show significantly higher MERS-CoV carrier rates than dromedary camels imported from Africa. Two MERS-CoV lineages identified in Nigerian camels were found to be genetically distinct from those found in camels and humans in the Middle East. This supports the hypothesis that camel imports from Africa are not of significance for circulation of the virus in camel populations of the Arabian Peninsula.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Animal Health and Livestock Consultant, P.O. Box 847-10400, Nanyuki, Kenya. marioyounan@gmail.com.National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.Animal Health and Livestock Consultant, P.O. Box 25654-00603, Nairobi, Kenya.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27324244

Citation

Younan, M, et al. "MERS and the Dromedary Camel Trade Between Africa and the Middle East." Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 48, no. 6, 2016, pp. 1277-82.
Younan M, Bornstein S, Gluecks IV. MERS and the dromedary camel trade between Africa and the Middle East. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2016;48(6):1277-82.
Younan, M., Bornstein, S., & Gluecks, I. V. (2016). MERS and the dromedary camel trade between Africa and the Middle East. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 48(6), 1277-82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1089-3
Younan M, Bornstein S, Gluecks IV. MERS and the Dromedary Camel Trade Between Africa and the Middle East. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2016;48(6):1277-82. PubMed PMID: 27324244.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - MERS and the dromedary camel trade between Africa and the Middle East. AU - Younan,M, AU - Bornstein,S, AU - Gluecks,I V, Y1 - 2016/06/20/ PY - 2015/09/18/received PY - 2016/06/08/accepted PY - 2016/6/22/entrez PY - 2016/6/22/pubmed PY - 2017/1/10/medline KW - Africa KW - Arabian Peninsula KW - Coronavirus KW - Dromedary camels KW - MERS KW - Trade SP - 1277 EP - 82 JF - Tropical animal health and production JO - Trop Anim Health Prod VL - 48 IS - 6 N2 - Dromedary camels are the most likely source for the coronavirus that sporadically causes Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in humans. Serological results from archived camel sera provide evidence for circulation of MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) among dromedary camels in the Greater Horn of Africa as far back as 1983 and in Saudi Arabia as far back as 1992. High seroprevalences of MERS-CoV antibodies and the high virus prevalence in Saudi Arabian dromedary camels indicate an endemicity of the virus in the Arabian Peninsula, which predates the 2012 human MERS index case. Saudi Arabian dromedary camels show significantly higher MERS-CoV carrier rates than dromedary camels imported from Africa. Two MERS-CoV lineages identified in Nigerian camels were found to be genetically distinct from those found in camels and humans in the Middle East. This supports the hypothesis that camel imports from Africa are not of significance for circulation of the virus in camel populations of the Arabian Peninsula. SN - 1573-7438 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27324244/MERS_and_the_dromedary_camel_trade_between_Africa_and_the_Middle_East_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1089-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -