Evidence of a new pattern of ejaculation in men with spinal cord injury: ejaculation dyssynergia and implications for fertility.Spinal Cord. 2016 Dec; 54(12):1210-1214.SC
To describe the presence of sperm in the prostatic urethra as a stand-alone ejaculation entity and to assess its characteristics.
Thirty-three patients with anejaculation during sexual stimulation were enroled. Penile vibratory stimulations were carried out following bladder catherization and instillation of a pink buffering medium (Ferticult). Two-step catheterisation was then performed: a catheter was inserted through the urethral sphincter into the prostatic urethra to aspirate its content, and then bladder catheterisation was performed to collect the Ferticult. The procedure was repeated in some patients after at least 1 week. The characteristics of the semen collected from each organ were analysed and compared.
A total of 42 trials were obtained from 22 patients. Sperms were found in the prostatic urethra in 21 samples (50%) from 12 patients (11 with spinal cord injury, 1 with diabetes). The colour of all 21 prostatic urethra sperm samples differed from the Ferticult. Sperm motility was greater in 8 samples, sperm count was higher in 10 and pH was different in 10, compared with the bladder samples. The higher overall quality of the sperm allowed cryopreservation in 10 prostatic urethra samples compared with only 5 bladder samples. Four of the five patients who underwent repeated trials had a reproducible pattern of prostatic urethra ejaculation.
The presence of sperm in the prostatic urethra most probably results from 'ejaculation dyssynergia', a lack of coordination between bladder neck and external sphincter. Sperm from the prostatic urethra should be systematically sought to improve the outcome of assisted reproduction.