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Influence of Rest Interval Length Between Sets on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability After a Strength Training Session Performed By Prehypertensive Men.
J Strength Cond Res. 2016 Jul; 30(7):1813-24.JS

Abstract

Figueiredo, T, Willardson, JM, Miranda, H, Bentes, CM, Machado Reis, V, Freitas de Salles, B, and Simão, R. Influence of rest interval length between sets on blood pressure and heart rate variability after a strength training session performed by prehypertensive men. J Strength Cond Res 30(7): 1813-1824, 2016-The purposes of this study were to compare the effects of 2 different rest interval lengths between sets and exercises during strength training (ST) on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) in prehypertensive trained men, and to verify how HRV influences BP. Eleven volunteer subjects (age: 26.1 ± 3.6 years; body mass: 74.1 ± 7.9 kg; height: 172.1 ± 4.1 cm; % body fat: 18.3 ± 6.3; ST experience: 1.7 ± 0.8 years) participated in this study. After assessing one repetition maximum (1RM) loads for the free weight bench press, lat pull-down, shoulder press, biceps curl, triceps extension, leg press, leg extension, and leg curl exercises; subjects performed 2 sessions with different rest intervals between sets and exercises in random order and 72 hours apart. Each ST session consisted of performing 3 sets of eight to 10 repetitions at 70% of a 1RM for each exercise, with either 1-minute (sequence 1 [SEQ1]) or 2-minute (sequence 2 [SEQ2]) rest intervals between sets and exercises, respectively. Before and after each session, BP and HRV (low frequency band, high frequency [HF] band, and square root of the mean squared difference of successive RR-interval index) were tracked for 60 minutes. The results demonstrated a postexercise hypotensive response (PEH) after both rest interval conditions (p ≤ 0.05). Additionally, increases in cardiac stress were noted after SEQ1, with a greater withdrawal in parasympathetic activity vs. baseline as noted in the HF band at 1-, 10-, and 20-minute postexercise (p ≤ 0.05). These results indicate that both sequences provided an effective stimulus for a PEH. Therefore, strength and conditioning professionals may prescribe 1- or 2-minute rest between sets and exercises when the goal is to reduce BP after training sessions. However, resting 1 minute between sets and exercises was associated with greater cardiac stress, and so this may necessitate prescription of longer rest intervals between sets and exercises when working with individuals who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular dysfunction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal;2Rio de Janeiro Federal University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;3Estácio de Sá University, Physical Education Graduation Program, Macaé, Brazil; and4Health and Human Performance Department, Rocky Mountain College, Billings, Montana.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27331912

Citation

Figueiredo, Tiago, et al. "Influence of Rest Interval Length Between Sets On Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability After a Strength Training Session Performed By Prehypertensive Men." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 30, no. 7, 2016, pp. 1813-24.
Figueiredo T, Willardson JM, Miranda H, et al. Influence of Rest Interval Length Between Sets on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability After a Strength Training Session Performed By Prehypertensive Men. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(7):1813-24.
Figueiredo, T., Willardson, J. M., Miranda, H., Bentes, C. M., Machado Reis, V., Freitas de Salles, B., & Simão, R. (2016). Influence of Rest Interval Length Between Sets on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability After a Strength Training Session Performed By Prehypertensive Men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(7), 1813-24. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001302
Figueiredo T, et al. Influence of Rest Interval Length Between Sets On Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability After a Strength Training Session Performed By Prehypertensive Men. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(7):1813-24. PubMed PMID: 27331912.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of Rest Interval Length Between Sets on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability After a Strength Training Session Performed By Prehypertensive Men. AU - Figueiredo,Tiago, AU - Willardson,Jeffrey M, AU - Miranda,Humberto, AU - Bentes,Claudio M, AU - Machado Reis,Victor, AU - Freitas de Salles,Belmiro, AU - Simão,Roberto, PY - 2016/6/23/entrez PY - 2016/6/23/pubmed PY - 2016/12/22/medline SP - 1813 EP - 24 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 30 IS - 7 N2 - Figueiredo, T, Willardson, JM, Miranda, H, Bentes, CM, Machado Reis, V, Freitas de Salles, B, and Simão, R. Influence of rest interval length between sets on blood pressure and heart rate variability after a strength training session performed by prehypertensive men. J Strength Cond Res 30(7): 1813-1824, 2016-The purposes of this study were to compare the effects of 2 different rest interval lengths between sets and exercises during strength training (ST) on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) in prehypertensive trained men, and to verify how HRV influences BP. Eleven volunteer subjects (age: 26.1 ± 3.6 years; body mass: 74.1 ± 7.9 kg; height: 172.1 ± 4.1 cm; % body fat: 18.3 ± 6.3; ST experience: 1.7 ± 0.8 years) participated in this study. After assessing one repetition maximum (1RM) loads for the free weight bench press, lat pull-down, shoulder press, biceps curl, triceps extension, leg press, leg extension, and leg curl exercises; subjects performed 2 sessions with different rest intervals between sets and exercises in random order and 72 hours apart. Each ST session consisted of performing 3 sets of eight to 10 repetitions at 70% of a 1RM for each exercise, with either 1-minute (sequence 1 [SEQ1]) or 2-minute (sequence 2 [SEQ2]) rest intervals between sets and exercises, respectively. Before and after each session, BP and HRV (low frequency band, high frequency [HF] band, and square root of the mean squared difference of successive RR-interval index) were tracked for 60 minutes. The results demonstrated a postexercise hypotensive response (PEH) after both rest interval conditions (p ≤ 0.05). Additionally, increases in cardiac stress were noted after SEQ1, with a greater withdrawal in parasympathetic activity vs. baseline as noted in the HF band at 1-, 10-, and 20-minute postexercise (p ≤ 0.05). These results indicate that both sequences provided an effective stimulus for a PEH. Therefore, strength and conditioning professionals may prescribe 1- or 2-minute rest between sets and exercises when the goal is to reduce BP after training sessions. However, resting 1 minute between sets and exercises was associated with greater cardiac stress, and so this may necessitate prescription of longer rest intervals between sets and exercises when working with individuals who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular dysfunction. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27331912/Influence_of_Rest_Interval_Length_Between_Sets_on_Blood_Pressure_and_Heart_Rate_Variability_After_a_Strength_Training_Session_Performed_By_Prehypertensive_Men_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001302 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -