Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary sodium propionate improved performance, mucosal and humoral immune responses in Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fry.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016 Aug; 55:523-8.FS

Abstract

The present study investigates the efficiency of graded levels (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2%) of sodium propionate (SP) on Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fry growth performance, skin mucus immune response as well as humoral immune parameters. Fish were divided into 5 groups repeated in triplicates and each group were fed on experimental diets for 7 weeks. Growth performance parameters, skin mucus total immunoglobulin (Ig) level, lysozyme, protease and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity as well as the non-specific humoral immune response (total Ig, lysozyme, alternative haemolytic complement activity (ACH50) were determined at the end of feeding trial. The results showed that supplementation of diet with 0.25% SP significantly improved growth performance compared control group (P < 0.05). Evaluation of skin mucus immune parameters revealed significant elevation in fish fed SP supplemented diet (P < 0.05). Variation in the levels of responses was evident among different SP level and more pronounced in 0.25% and 0.5% treatments. Regarding non-specific humoral response, remarkably increased lysozyme and ACH50 activities were observed in 0.25% and 0.5% groups compared other treatments (P < 0.05); highest level in 0.25% SP fed fish. No significant change was noticed for serum total Ig compared control group (P > 0.05), except 0.25% SP treatment which was significantly higher than those in other groups (P < 0.05). These results revealed that inclusion of administration of 0.25% and 0.5% SP in early stage of the Caspian white fish culture could improve mucosal and non-specific immune responses as well as performance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran. Electronic address: hoseinifar@gau.ac.ir.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.School of Applied Science, Temasek Polytechnic, 529757, Singapore.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27343374

Citation

Hoseinifar, Seyed Hossein, et al. "Dietary Sodium Propionate Improved Performance, Mucosal and Humoral Immune Responses in Caspian White Fish (Rutilus Frisii Kutum) Fry." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 55, 2016, pp. 523-8.
Hoseinifar SH, Zoheiri F, Caipang CM. Dietary sodium propionate improved performance, mucosal and humoral immune responses in Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;55:523-8.
Hoseinifar, S. H., Zoheiri, F., & Caipang, C. M. (2016). Dietary sodium propionate improved performance, mucosal and humoral immune responses in Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fry. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 55, 523-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2016.06.027
Hoseinifar SH, Zoheiri F, Caipang CM. Dietary Sodium Propionate Improved Performance, Mucosal and Humoral Immune Responses in Caspian White Fish (Rutilus Frisii Kutum) Fry. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;55:523-8. PubMed PMID: 27343374.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sodium propionate improved performance, mucosal and humoral immune responses in Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fry. AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Zoheiri,Fazel, AU - Caipang,Christopher Marlowe, Y1 - 2016/06/22/ PY - 2016/04/09/received PY - 2016/05/24/revised PY - 2016/06/21/accepted PY - 2016/6/26/entrez PY - 2016/6/28/pubmed PY - 2017/3/3/medline KW - Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) KW - Mucosal immune response KW - Non-specific immunity KW - Sodium propionate SP - 523 EP - 8 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 55 N2 - The present study investigates the efficiency of graded levels (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2%) of sodium propionate (SP) on Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fry growth performance, skin mucus immune response as well as humoral immune parameters. Fish were divided into 5 groups repeated in triplicates and each group were fed on experimental diets for 7 weeks. Growth performance parameters, skin mucus total immunoglobulin (Ig) level, lysozyme, protease and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity as well as the non-specific humoral immune response (total Ig, lysozyme, alternative haemolytic complement activity (ACH50) were determined at the end of feeding trial. The results showed that supplementation of diet with 0.25% SP significantly improved growth performance compared control group (P < 0.05). Evaluation of skin mucus immune parameters revealed significant elevation in fish fed SP supplemented diet (P < 0.05). Variation in the levels of responses was evident among different SP level and more pronounced in 0.25% and 0.5% treatments. Regarding non-specific humoral response, remarkably increased lysozyme and ACH50 activities were observed in 0.25% and 0.5% groups compared other treatments (P < 0.05); highest level in 0.25% SP fed fish. No significant change was noticed for serum total Ig compared control group (P > 0.05), except 0.25% SP treatment which was significantly higher than those in other groups (P < 0.05). These results revealed that inclusion of administration of 0.25% and 0.5% SP in early stage of the Caspian white fish culture could improve mucosal and non-specific immune responses as well as performance. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27343374/Dietary_sodium_propionate_improved_performance_mucosal_and_humoral_immune_responses_in_Caspian_white_fish__Rutilus_frisii_kutum__fry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(16)30387-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -