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Interactive effect of light colours and temporal synergism of circadian neural oscillations in reproductive regulation of Japanese quail.
J Photochem Photobiol B. 2016 Sep; 162:65-71.JP

Abstract

Avian literature reports the modulation of 'photoperiodic gonadal responses' by the temporal phase relation of serotonergic and dopaminergic oscillations in Japanese quail. But, the modulation of 'light colour responses' by the temporal synergism of neural oscillations is not yet known. Hence the present study was designed to investigate the interaction of the light colour (blue, red) and the phase relation of neural oscillations in the reproductive regulation of Japanese quail. Three week old male Japanese quail were divided into two groups and maintained under a long day length condition (16L:8D) and were exposed to a 30 lux intensity of blue LED (light emitting diode) (B LED) and a red LED light (R LED). At the age of 15.5weeks, quail of one subgroup of B LED were injected with serotonin precursor (5-HTP) and dopamine precursor (l-DOPA) 12hrs apart (B LED+12-hr) and those of the R LED group were injected with the same drugs (5mg/100g body weight over a period of thirteen days) but 8hrs apart (R LED+8-hr). The remaining subgroups of both the light colour groups (B LED & R LED) received normal saline twice daily and served as controls. Cloacal gland volume was recorded weekly until 35.5weeks of age when the study was terminated and reproductive parameters (testicular volume, GSI, seminiferous tubule diameter and plasma testosterone) were assessed. Results indicate that the 8-hr temporal phase relation of neural oscillations suppresses reproductive activity even during the photosensitive phase of the red light exposed quail (R LED+8-hr) compare to the R LED controls. On the other hand, the 12-hr temporal phase relation stimulates the gonadal development of the B LED+12-hr quail compared to the B LED controls which after completing one cycle entered into a regressive phase and remained sexually quiescent. These experiments suggest that the temporal phase relations of circadian neural oscillations, in addition to modulating the classical photoperiodic responses, may also modulate the gonadal responses to blue (suppressive) and red (stimulatory) light. These studies led us to conclude that the temporal phase relation of serotonergic and dopaminergic oscillations is not only an important regulator of avian reproduction but may also override the classical effects of light colours in Japanese quail.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221 005, U.P., India. Electronic address: suneeta17bhu@gmail.com.Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221 005, U.P., India. Electronic address: cmcbhu@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27344020

Citation

Yadav, Suneeta, and Chandra Mohini Chaturvedi. "Interactive Effect of Light Colours and Temporal Synergism of Circadian Neural Oscillations in Reproductive Regulation of Japanese Quail." Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology, vol. 162, 2016, pp. 65-71.
Yadav S, Chaturvedi CM. Interactive effect of light colours and temporal synergism of circadian neural oscillations in reproductive regulation of Japanese quail. J Photochem Photobiol B, Biol. 2016;162:65-71.
Yadav, S., & Chaturvedi, C. M. (2016). Interactive effect of light colours and temporal synergism of circadian neural oscillations in reproductive regulation of Japanese quail. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology, 162, 65-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.06.023
Yadav S, Chaturvedi CM. Interactive Effect of Light Colours and Temporal Synergism of Circadian Neural Oscillations in Reproductive Regulation of Japanese Quail. J Photochem Photobiol B, Biol. 2016;162:65-71. PubMed PMID: 27344020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interactive effect of light colours and temporal synergism of circadian neural oscillations in reproductive regulation of Japanese quail. AU - Yadav,Suneeta, AU - Chaturvedi,Chandra Mohini, Y1 - 2016/06/15/ PY - 2015/12/19/received PY - 2016/06/13/revised PY - 2016/06/13/accepted PY - 2016/6/26/entrez PY - 2016/6/28/pubmed PY - 2017/2/28/medline KW - 5-HTP KW - Blue LED light KW - Gonad KW - Japanese quail KW - Light colour KW - Red LED light KW - l-DOPA SP - 65 EP - 71 JF - Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology JO - J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, Biol. VL - 162 N2 - Avian literature reports the modulation of 'photoperiodic gonadal responses' by the temporal phase relation of serotonergic and dopaminergic oscillations in Japanese quail. But, the modulation of 'light colour responses' by the temporal synergism of neural oscillations is not yet known. Hence the present study was designed to investigate the interaction of the light colour (blue, red) and the phase relation of neural oscillations in the reproductive regulation of Japanese quail. Three week old male Japanese quail were divided into two groups and maintained under a long day length condition (16L:8D) and were exposed to a 30 lux intensity of blue LED (light emitting diode) (B LED) and a red LED light (R LED). At the age of 15.5weeks, quail of one subgroup of B LED were injected with serotonin precursor (5-HTP) and dopamine precursor (l-DOPA) 12hrs apart (B LED+12-hr) and those of the R LED group were injected with the same drugs (5mg/100g body weight over a period of thirteen days) but 8hrs apart (R LED+8-hr). The remaining subgroups of both the light colour groups (B LED & R LED) received normal saline twice daily and served as controls. Cloacal gland volume was recorded weekly until 35.5weeks of age when the study was terminated and reproductive parameters (testicular volume, GSI, seminiferous tubule diameter and plasma testosterone) were assessed. Results indicate that the 8-hr temporal phase relation of neural oscillations suppresses reproductive activity even during the photosensitive phase of the red light exposed quail (R LED+8-hr) compare to the R LED controls. On the other hand, the 12-hr temporal phase relation stimulates the gonadal development of the B LED+12-hr quail compared to the B LED controls which after completing one cycle entered into a regressive phase and remained sexually quiescent. These experiments suggest that the temporal phase relations of circadian neural oscillations, in addition to modulating the classical photoperiodic responses, may also modulate the gonadal responses to blue (suppressive) and red (stimulatory) light. These studies led us to conclude that the temporal phase relation of serotonergic and dopaminergic oscillations is not only an important regulator of avian reproduction but may also override the classical effects of light colours in Japanese quail. SN - 1873-2682 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27344020/Interactive_effect_of_light_colours_and_temporal_synergism_of_circadian_neural_oscillations_in_reproductive_regulation_of_Japanese_quail_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1011-1344(15)30220-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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