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Zika--an emerging infectious disease. The risk assessment from Polish perspective.
Przegl Epidemiol. 2016; 70(1):1-6, 93-7.PE

Abstract

In the last years, attention has been paid to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, the emerging vector-borne disease. It is responsible for major outbreaks in Africa, Asia and, more recently, in previously infection-naïve territories of the Pacific area, South America and Caribbean. The etiology, epidemiology, transmission, and clinical manifestations of ZIKV disease are discussed, along with the diagnostic possibilities in the aim to assessing the risk of its introduction to Poland. ZIKV is spread by Aedes mosquitoes which are not found throughout Poland. The prevention strategies adopted by national public health authorities should be based on a surveillance of imported cases and on increasing awareness among healthcare professionals and travelers. Due to a large number of asymptomatic ZIKV infections and limitations in the availability of diagnostic tests, monitoring based on laboratory results is likely to be unreliable in Poland. There are no requirements to report ZIKV infections to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Nevertheless, the global epidemic continues to spread, and despite travels of Poles to countries in which Aedes mosquitoes are active, Polish sportsmen will be travelling to Brazil in August 2016 to participate in the Olympic Games, the will also be true of the many fans who will follow them; therefore imported cases of ZIKV infection are possible. As the awareness of the infection risk will increase among medical staff and travelers, the number of suspected cases of travel-related ZIKV infections may rise in Poland. Medical staff should be informed where and how to report such cases. Thorough surveillance, adequate assessment of possible threats, action plans, rapid and effective intervention development, spread of up to date information of ZIKV, as well as other emerging or re-emerging infectious pathogens can play a key role in guaranteeing population health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Department of Public Health.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng pol

PubMed ID

27344465

Citation

Gańczak, Maria. "Zika--an Emerging Infectious Disease. the Risk Assessment From Polish Perspective." Przeglad Epidemiologiczny, vol. 70, no. 1, 2016, pp. 1-6, 93-7.
Gańczak M. Zika--an emerging infectious disease. The risk assessment from Polish perspective. Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(1):1-6, 93-7.
Gańczak, M. (2016). Zika--an emerging infectious disease. The risk assessment from Polish perspective. Przeglad Epidemiologiczny, 70(1), 1-6, 93-7.
Gańczak M. Zika--an Emerging Infectious Disease. the Risk Assessment From Polish Perspective. Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(1):1-6, 93-7. PubMed PMID: 27344465.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Zika--an emerging infectious disease. The risk assessment from Polish perspective. A1 - Gańczak,Maria, PY - 2016/6/27/entrez PY - 2016/6/28/pubmed PY - 2016/9/7/medline SP - 1-6, 93-7 JF - Przeglad epidemiologiczny JO - Przegl Epidemiol VL - 70 IS - 1 N2 - In the last years, attention has been paid to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, the emerging vector-borne disease. It is responsible for major outbreaks in Africa, Asia and, more recently, in previously infection-naïve territories of the Pacific area, South America and Caribbean. The etiology, epidemiology, transmission, and clinical manifestations of ZIKV disease are discussed, along with the diagnostic possibilities in the aim to assessing the risk of its introduction to Poland. ZIKV is spread by Aedes mosquitoes which are not found throughout Poland. The prevention strategies adopted by national public health authorities should be based on a surveillance of imported cases and on increasing awareness among healthcare professionals and travelers. Due to a large number of asymptomatic ZIKV infections and limitations in the availability of diagnostic tests, monitoring based on laboratory results is likely to be unreliable in Poland. There are no requirements to report ZIKV infections to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Nevertheless, the global epidemic continues to spread, and despite travels of Poles to countries in which Aedes mosquitoes are active, Polish sportsmen will be travelling to Brazil in August 2016 to participate in the Olympic Games, the will also be true of the many fans who will follow them; therefore imported cases of ZIKV infection are possible. As the awareness of the infection risk will increase among medical staff and travelers, the number of suspected cases of travel-related ZIKV infections may rise in Poland. Medical staff should be informed where and how to report such cases. Thorough surveillance, adequate assessment of possible threats, action plans, rapid and effective intervention development, spread of up to date information of ZIKV, as well as other emerging or re-emerging infectious pathogens can play a key role in guaranteeing population health. SN - 0033-2100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27344465/Zika__an_emerging_infectious_disease__The_risk_assessment_from_Polish_perspective_ L2 - http://www.przeglepidemiol.pzh.gov.pl/pobierz-artykul?id=2040 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -