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Fitness, body composition and blood lipids following 3 concurrent strength and endurance training modes.
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Jul; 41(7):767-74.AP

Abstract

This study investigated changes in physical fitness, body composition, and blood lipid profile following 24 weeks of 3 volume-equated concurrent strength and endurance training protocols. Physically active, healthy male and female participants (aged 18-40 years) performed strength and endurance sessions on different days (DD; men, n = 21; women, n = 18) or in the same session with endurance preceding strength (ES; men, n = 16; women, n = 15) or vice versa (SE; men, n = 18; women, n = 14). The training volume was matched in all groups. Maximal leg press strength (1-repetition maximum (1RM)) and endurance performance (maximal oxygen consumption during cycling), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and blood lipids were measured. 1RM and maximal oxygen consumption increased in all groups in men (12%-17%, p < 0.001; and 7%-18%, p < 0.05-0.001, respectively) and women (13%-21%, p < 0.01-0.001; and 10%-25%, p < 0.01-0.001, respectively). Maximal oxygen consumption increased more in DD vs. ES and SE both in men (p = 0.003-0.008) and women (p = 0.008-0.009). Total body lean mass increased in all groups (3%-5%, p < 0.01-0.001). Only DD led to decreased total body fat (men, -14% ± 15%, p < 0.001; women, -13% ± 14%, p = 0.009) and abdominal-region fat (men, -18% ± 14%, p = 0.003; women, -17% ± 15%, p = 0.003). Changes in blood lipids were correlated with changes in abdominal-region fat in the entire group (r = 0.283, p = 0.005) and in DD (r = 0.550, p = 0.001). In conclusion, all modes resulted in increased physical fitness and lean mass, while only DD led to decreases in fat mass. Same-session SE and ES combined training is effective in improving physical fitness while volume-equated, but more frequent DD training may be more suitable for optimizing body composition and may be possibly useful in early prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.b Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.c Central Hospital of Central Finland, Jyväskylä, Finland. d Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.a Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.c Central Hospital of Central Finland, Jyväskylä, Finland.a Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27351384

Citation

Eklund, Daniela, et al. "Fitness, Body Composition and Blood Lipids Following 3 Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Modes." Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition Et Metabolisme, vol. 41, no. 7, 2016, pp. 767-74.
Eklund D, Häkkinen A, Laukkanen JA, et al. Fitness, body composition and blood lipids following 3 concurrent strength and endurance training modes. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(7):767-74.
Eklund, D., Häkkinen, A., Laukkanen, J. A., Balandzic, M., Nyman, K., & Häkkinen, K. (2016). Fitness, body composition and blood lipids following 3 concurrent strength and endurance training modes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism = Physiologie Appliquee, Nutrition Et Metabolisme, 41(7), 767-74. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0621
Eklund D, et al. Fitness, Body Composition and Blood Lipids Following 3 Concurrent Strength and Endurance Training Modes. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(7):767-74. PubMed PMID: 27351384.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fitness, body composition and blood lipids following 3 concurrent strength and endurance training modes. AU - Eklund,Daniela, AU - Häkkinen,Arja, AU - Laukkanen,Jari Antero, AU - Balandzic,Milica, AU - Nyman,Kai, AU - Häkkinen,Keijo, Y1 - 2016/03/14/ PY - 2016/6/29/entrez PY - 2016/6/29/pubmed PY - 2017/2/14/medline KW - aerobic training KW - combined training KW - entraînement aérobie KW - entraînement combiné KW - entraînement contre résistance KW - health KW - metabolic health KW - performance physique KW - physical performance KW - resistance training KW - santé KW - santé métabolique SP - 767 EP - 74 JF - Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme JO - Appl Physiol Nutr Metab VL - 41 IS - 7 N2 - This study investigated changes in physical fitness, body composition, and blood lipid profile following 24 weeks of 3 volume-equated concurrent strength and endurance training protocols. Physically active, healthy male and female participants (aged 18-40 years) performed strength and endurance sessions on different days (DD; men, n = 21; women, n = 18) or in the same session with endurance preceding strength (ES; men, n = 16; women, n = 15) or vice versa (SE; men, n = 18; women, n = 14). The training volume was matched in all groups. Maximal leg press strength (1-repetition maximum (1RM)) and endurance performance (maximal oxygen consumption during cycling), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and blood lipids were measured. 1RM and maximal oxygen consumption increased in all groups in men (12%-17%, p < 0.001; and 7%-18%, p < 0.05-0.001, respectively) and women (13%-21%, p < 0.01-0.001; and 10%-25%, p < 0.01-0.001, respectively). Maximal oxygen consumption increased more in DD vs. ES and SE both in men (p = 0.003-0.008) and women (p = 0.008-0.009). Total body lean mass increased in all groups (3%-5%, p < 0.01-0.001). Only DD led to decreased total body fat (men, -14% ± 15%, p < 0.001; women, -13% ± 14%, p = 0.009) and abdominal-region fat (men, -18% ± 14%, p = 0.003; women, -17% ± 15%, p = 0.003). Changes in blood lipids were correlated with changes in abdominal-region fat in the entire group (r = 0.283, p = 0.005) and in DD (r = 0.550, p = 0.001). In conclusion, all modes resulted in increased physical fitness and lean mass, while only DD led to decreases in fat mass. Same-session SE and ES combined training is effective in improving physical fitness while volume-equated, but more frequent DD training may be more suitable for optimizing body composition and may be possibly useful in early prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. SN - 1715-5320 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27351384/Fitness_body_composition_and_blood_lipids_following_3_concurrent_strength_and_endurance_training_modes_ L2 - http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.1139/apnm-2015-0621?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -