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Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus and Candida albicans in oral samples from caries-free and caries-active children.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2016 Oct; 17(5):367-375.EA

Abstract

AIM

This was to examine the occurrence of S. mutans, S. sobrinus and C. albicans in dental plaque and saliva from caries-free and caries-active Greek children.

METHODS

Saliva and dental plaque samples from 46 caries-free and 51 caries-active 3-to-13-year-old children were examined using selective media for the three microbes. Identification of isolated mutans streptococci (S. mutans and S. sobrinus) was performed with biochemical test and specific DNA probes. The salivary levels of mutans streptococci were additionally determined by a chair-side test (Dentocult® SM strips).

RESULTS

The isolation frequencies of S. mutans, S. sobrinus and C. albicans were 66, 11 and 18 %, respectively. Caries-active children harboured more frequently and at significantly higher numbers the specific microbes than caries-free children. A similar pattern was observed with the Dentocult® SM strip scores. No correlation was found between the presence of these microbes and the age or gender of the children.

CONCLUSIONS

Caries experience was statistically significantly related to the presence of all three microbes under study, both in dental plaque and saliva.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. sfragkou@hotmail.com.Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Department of Dentistry, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan.Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Lab of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Implant Biology, Dental School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27357362

Citation

Fragkou, S, et al. "Streptococcus Mutans, Streptococcus Sobrinus and Candida Albicans in Oral Samples From Caries-free and Caries-active Children." European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 5, 2016, pp. 367-375.
Fragkou S, Balasouli C, Tsuzukibashi O, et al. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus and Candida albicans in oral samples from caries-free and caries-active children. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(5):367-375.
Fragkou, S., Balasouli, C., Tsuzukibashi, O., Argyropoulou, A., Menexes, G., Kotsanos, N., & Kalfas, S. (2016). Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus and Candida albicans in oral samples from caries-free and caries-active children. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 17(5), 367-375.
Fragkou S, et al. Streptococcus Mutans, Streptococcus Sobrinus and Candida Albicans in Oral Samples From Caries-free and Caries-active Children. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(5):367-375. PubMed PMID: 27357362.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus and Candida albicans in oral samples from caries-free and caries-active children. AU - Fragkou,S, AU - Balasouli,C, AU - Tsuzukibashi,O, AU - Argyropoulou,A, AU - Menexes,G, AU - Kotsanos,N, AU - Kalfas,S, Y1 - 2016/06/29/ PY - 2015/12/26/received PY - 2016/05/18/accepted PY - 2016/7/1/pubmed PY - 2017/10/14/medline PY - 2016/7/1/entrez KW - C. albicans KW - Dental caries KW - Mutans streptococci SP - 367 EP - 375 JF - European archives of paediatric dentistry : official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry JO - Eur Arch Paediatr Dent VL - 17 IS - 5 N2 - AIM: This was to examine the occurrence of S. mutans, S. sobrinus and C. albicans in dental plaque and saliva from caries-free and caries-active Greek children. METHODS: Saliva and dental plaque samples from 46 caries-free and 51 caries-active 3-to-13-year-old children were examined using selective media for the three microbes. Identification of isolated mutans streptococci (S. mutans and S. sobrinus) was performed with biochemical test and specific DNA probes. The salivary levels of mutans streptococci were additionally determined by a chair-side test (Dentocult® SM strips). RESULTS: The isolation frequencies of S. mutans, S. sobrinus and C. albicans were 66, 11 and 18 %, respectively. Caries-active children harboured more frequently and at significantly higher numbers the specific microbes than caries-free children. A similar pattern was observed with the Dentocult® SM strip scores. No correlation was found between the presence of these microbes and the age or gender of the children. CONCLUSIONS: Caries experience was statistically significantly related to the presence of all three microbes under study, both in dental plaque and saliva. SN - 1996-9805 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27357362/Streptococcus_mutans_Streptococcus_sobrinus_and_Candida_albicans_in_oral_samples_from_caries_free_and_caries_active_children_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-016-0239-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -