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Attachment behavior, attachment security, and temperament during infancy.
Child Dev. 1989 Jun; 60(3):728-37.CD

Abstract

In summary reviews and empirical research, investigators have suggested that attachment classifications derived from the Ainsworth Strange Situation may reflect variations along dimensions of temperament as well as, or perhaps instead of, individual differences with respect to infant-mother attachments. In this study, relations between temperament dimensions from the Infant Temperament Questionnaire (Revised) and Strange Situation behaviors were evaluated. Relations between the behavioral style scores and the categories of attachment quality were also tested. The hypothesis that temperamental difficulty would be related to negative emotionality, as indexed by infant distress during separation (but not during the reunions), was tested and supported. Neither the behavioral style dimensions nor the temperamental diagnoses (e.g., "easy" vs. "difficult") were associated significantly with attachment classifications. The results are consistent with previous findings that temperament measures do not predict attachment security. Nevertheless, certain behaviors indexing negative emotionality that may be observed in the context of the Strange Situation are related to temperamental variability.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Chicago 60680.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2737020

Citation

Vaughn, B E., et al. "Attachment Behavior, Attachment Security, and Temperament During Infancy." Child Development, vol. 60, no. 3, 1989, pp. 728-37.
Vaughn BE, Lefever GB, Seifer R, et al. Attachment behavior, attachment security, and temperament during infancy. Child Dev. 1989;60(3):728-37.
Vaughn, B. E., Lefever, G. B., Seifer, R., & Barglow, P. (1989). Attachment behavior, attachment security, and temperament during infancy. Child Development, 60(3), 728-37.
Vaughn BE, et al. Attachment Behavior, Attachment Security, and Temperament During Infancy. Child Dev. 1989;60(3):728-37. PubMed PMID: 2737020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attachment behavior, attachment security, and temperament during infancy. AU - Vaughn,B E, AU - Lefever,G B, AU - Seifer,R, AU - Barglow,P, PY - 1989/6/1/pubmed PY - 1989/6/1/medline PY - 1989/6/1/entrez SP - 728 EP - 37 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 60 IS - 3 N2 - In summary reviews and empirical research, investigators have suggested that attachment classifications derived from the Ainsworth Strange Situation may reflect variations along dimensions of temperament as well as, or perhaps instead of, individual differences with respect to infant-mother attachments. In this study, relations between temperament dimensions from the Infant Temperament Questionnaire (Revised) and Strange Situation behaviors were evaluated. Relations between the behavioral style scores and the categories of attachment quality were also tested. The hypothesis that temperamental difficulty would be related to negative emotionality, as indexed by infant distress during separation (but not during the reunions), was tested and supported. Neither the behavioral style dimensions nor the temperamental diagnoses (e.g., "easy" vs. "difficult") were associated significantly with attachment classifications. The results are consistent with previous findings that temperament measures do not predict attachment security. Nevertheless, certain behaviors indexing negative emotionality that may be observed in the context of the Strange Situation are related to temperamental variability. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2737020/Attachment_behavior_attachment_security_and_temperament_during_infancy_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childmentalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -