Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The effect of parental presence on the child's perception and co-operation during dental treatment.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2016 Oct; 17(5):381-386.EA

Abstract

AIM

This was to study the influence of parental presence during dental treatment on children's behaviour and perception.

METHODS

Parents of 100 patients (mean age 7 ± 2.2 years) who visited the Postgraduate Paediatric Dental Clinic were randomly divided into two equal groups during one familiarisation and two treatment sessions: (1) parent present in the surgery/operatory and (2) parent absent (with their child observed through a window). Both an independent paediatric dentist and the parent rated the child's behaviour using the Venham scale. The child's perception was measured using the Wong-Baker Faces Rating Scale (FPRS) at the end of every session. Statistical analysis was performed with the IBM Statistics SPSS 22.0 (p < 0.05). Comparisons between variables were performed with the Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon and Friedman's tests.

RESULTS

According to the paediatric dentist's rating, children's behaviour was worse when the parent was absent, with a significant difference only for the second restorative treatment session (p = 0.011). There was no difference on parents' rating child behaviour scores between the two groups. There was no difference of children's own perception between the two groups, except for any increased discomfort found at the second treatment (p = 0.021) when the parent was present. In both groups, the dentist rated lower Venham scores (better child behaviour), than parents did (presence: p = 0.001, absence: p = 0.038). Children recorded worse scores than both parents and the paediatric dentist.

CONCLUSION

The only significant finding lay in the antithesis of how children perceived their last treatment session and how the dentist rated children's behaviour regarding parental presence. Parents' scores of their child's behaviour were unrelated to parental presence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Papafi 88, 54453, Thessaloniki, Greece. vanessaboka@yahoo.gr. Department of Cariology, Endodontology and Pedodontology, ACTA, Amsterdam, Netherlands. vanessaboka@yahoo.gr.Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Papafi 88, 54453, Thessaloniki, Greece.School of Mathematics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Papafi 88, 54453, Thessaloniki, Greece.Department of Cariology, Endodontology and Pedodontology, ACTA, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Department of Cariology, Endodontology and Pedodontology, ACTA, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27378545

Citation

Vasiliki, B, et al. "The Effect of Parental Presence On the Child's Perception and Co-operation During Dental Treatment." European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 5, 2016, pp. 381-386.
Vasiliki B, Konstantinos A, Vassilis K, et al. The effect of parental presence on the child's perception and co-operation during dental treatment. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(5):381-386.
Vasiliki, B., Konstantinos, A., Vassilis, K., Nikolaos, K., van Loveren, C., & Jaap, V. (2016). The effect of parental presence on the child's perception and co-operation during dental treatment. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 17(5), 381-386.
Vasiliki B, et al. The Effect of Parental Presence On the Child's Perception and Co-operation During Dental Treatment. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2016;17(5):381-386. PubMed PMID: 27378545.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of parental presence on the child's perception and co-operation during dental treatment. AU - Vasiliki,B, AU - Konstantinos,A, AU - Vassilis,K, AU - Nikolaos,K, AU - van Loveren,C, AU - Jaap,V, Y1 - 2016/07/04/ PY - 2016/04/06/received PY - 2016/05/18/accepted PY - 2016/7/6/pubmed PY - 2017/10/14/medline PY - 2016/7/6/entrez KW - Behaviour management KW - Child perception KW - Parental presence SP - 381 EP - 386 JF - European archives of paediatric dentistry : official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry JO - Eur Arch Paediatr Dent VL - 17 IS - 5 N2 - AIM: This was to study the influence of parental presence during dental treatment on children's behaviour and perception. METHODS: Parents of 100 patients (mean age 7 ± 2.2 years) who visited the Postgraduate Paediatric Dental Clinic were randomly divided into two equal groups during one familiarisation and two treatment sessions: (1) parent present in the surgery/operatory and (2) parent absent (with their child observed through a window). Both an independent paediatric dentist and the parent rated the child's behaviour using the Venham scale. The child's perception was measured using the Wong-Baker Faces Rating Scale (FPRS) at the end of every session. Statistical analysis was performed with the IBM Statistics SPSS 22.0 (p < 0.05). Comparisons between variables were performed with the Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon and Friedman's tests. RESULTS: According to the paediatric dentist's rating, children's behaviour was worse when the parent was absent, with a significant difference only for the second restorative treatment session (p = 0.011). There was no difference on parents' rating child behaviour scores between the two groups. There was no difference of children's own perception between the two groups, except for any increased discomfort found at the second treatment (p = 0.021) when the parent was present. In both groups, the dentist rated lower Venham scores (better child behaviour), than parents did (presence: p = 0.001, absence: p = 0.038). Children recorded worse scores than both parents and the paediatric dentist. CONCLUSION: The only significant finding lay in the antithesis of how children perceived their last treatment session and how the dentist rated children's behaviour regarding parental presence. Parents' scores of their child's behaviour were unrelated to parental presence. SN - 1996-9805 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27378545/The_effect_of_parental_presence_on_the_child's_perception_and_co_operation_during_dental_treatment_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-016-0241-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -