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The clinical spectrum of syphilitic balanitis of Follmann: report of five cases and a review of the literature.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2016; 30(10):1810-1813JE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Eugène Follmann first described syphilitic balanitis as a manifestation of primary syphilis in 1948 and since then it has been known as syphilitic balanitis of Follmann (SBF). So far, SBF has rarely been described in literature.

OBJECTIVES

We are reporting five additional cases of SBF considering the broad differential diagnosis of balanitis.

METHODS

A review of the available literature of SBF was performed and five additional cases analyzed.

RESULTS

In our case series, the clinical appearance of SBF shows a heterogeneous spectrum varying from painful oedematous balanoposthitis with beginning paraphimosis to superficial erosive balanitis and even to painless induration of the glans.

CONCLUSIONS

SBF might be seen more frequently than has been described due to misinterpretation. Therefore primary syphilis should be included in the differential diagnosis of balanitis and balanoposthitis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Regional Hospital Bellinzona, Bellinzona, Switzerland.Private Practice, Geneva, Switzerland.Outpatient Clinic of Dermato-Venereology, Triemli Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland. stephan.lautenschlager@triemli.zuerich.ch.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27421838

Citation

Mainetti, C, et al. "The Clinical Spectrum of Syphilitic Balanitis of Follmann: Report of Five Cases and a Review of the Literature." Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, vol. 30, no. 10, 2016, pp. 1810-1813.
Mainetti C, Scolari F, Lautenschlager S. The clinical spectrum of syphilitic balanitis of Follmann: report of five cases and a review of the literature. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2016;30(10):1810-1813.
Mainetti, C., Scolari, F., & Lautenschlager, S. (2016). The clinical spectrum of syphilitic balanitis of Follmann: report of five cases and a review of the literature. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV, 30(10), pp. 1810-1813. doi:10.1111/jdv.13802.
Mainetti C, Scolari F, Lautenschlager S. The Clinical Spectrum of Syphilitic Balanitis of Follmann: Report of Five Cases and a Review of the Literature. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2016;30(10):1810-1813. PubMed PMID: 27421838.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The clinical spectrum of syphilitic balanitis of Follmann: report of five cases and a review of the literature. AU - Mainetti,C, AU - Scolari,F, AU - Lautenschlager,S, Y1 - 2016/07/16/ PY - 2015/12/20/received PY - 2016/05/06/accepted PY - 2016/10/21/pubmed PY - 2017/4/22/medline PY - 2016/7/17/entrez SP - 1810 EP - 1813 JF - Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV JO - J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol VL - 30 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Eugène Follmann first described syphilitic balanitis as a manifestation of primary syphilis in 1948 and since then it has been known as syphilitic balanitis of Follmann (SBF). So far, SBF has rarely been described in literature. OBJECTIVES: We are reporting five additional cases of SBF considering the broad differential diagnosis of balanitis. METHODS: A review of the available literature of SBF was performed and five additional cases analyzed. RESULTS: In our case series, the clinical appearance of SBF shows a heterogeneous spectrum varying from painful oedematous balanoposthitis with beginning paraphimosis to superficial erosive balanitis and even to painless induration of the glans. CONCLUSIONS: SBF might be seen more frequently than has been described due to misinterpretation. Therefore primary syphilis should be included in the differential diagnosis of balanitis and balanoposthitis. SN - 1468-3083 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27421838/The_clinical_spectrum_of_syphilitic_balanitis_of_Follmann:_report_of_five_cases_and_a_review_of_the_literature_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jdv.13802 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -