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Extraction and characterization of three polysaccharides extracted from Opuntia ficus indica cladodes.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2016 Nov; 92:441-450.IJ

Abstract

The chemical extraction and the characterization of polysaccharides from mucilage (MC), pectin (PC) and total pectic mucilage fraction (TFC) of Opuntia ficus indica cladodes as well as the evaluation of their antioxidant activities was investigated. The FTIR spectroscopic analysis revealed the presence of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups corresponding to polysaccharides. Uronic acid and the total sugar contents of PC were higher than those of TFC and MC whereas ash content of MC was considerably more important. In addition, the findings showed that all the samples had little protein content and low average molecular weight compared to the results mentioned in literature. Furthermore, MC reached not only the highest water (WHC) and oil holding (OHC) capacities (7.81g/g and 1.34g/g, respectively) but also the highest antioxidant properties (DPPH and ABTS scavenging activities, β-carotene bleaching inhibition activity and reducing power). However, PC had the strongest emulsifying and foaming properties. As for TFC, it had low WHC, OHC and emulsifying properties whereas it had higher foaming properties than MC and greater antioxidant properties compared to PC. These outcomes can encourage the use of PC as a surfactant and MC and TFC as natural antioxidants in food and pharmaceutical industries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Microrganisms and Biomolecules, Center of Biotechnology of Sfax, University of Sfax, Road Sidi Mansour Km 6, B.P 1177 Sfax 3018, Tunisia.Laboratory of Microrganisms and Biomolecules, Center of Biotechnology of Sfax, University of Sfax, Road Sidi Mansour Km 6, B.P 1177 Sfax 3018, Tunisia.Laboratory of Microrganisms and Biomolecules, Center of Biotechnology of Sfax, University of Sfax, Road Sidi Mansour Km 6, B.P 1177 Sfax 3018, Tunisia; Biotechnology High School of Sfax (ISBS) Soukra Km 3; P.O. Box 261, Sfax 3000, Tunisia. Electronic address: radhouan.kammoun@cbs.rnrt.tn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27426700

Citation

Bayar, Nadia, et al. "Extraction and Characterization of Three Polysaccharides Extracted From Opuntia Ficus Indica Cladodes." International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 92, 2016, pp. 441-450.
Bayar N, Kriaa M, Kammoun R. Extraction and characterization of three polysaccharides extracted from Opuntia ficus indica cladodes. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;92:441-450.
Bayar, N., Kriaa, M., & Kammoun, R. (2016). Extraction and characterization of three polysaccharides extracted from Opuntia ficus indica cladodes. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 92, 441-450. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.07.042
Bayar N, Kriaa M, Kammoun R. Extraction and Characterization of Three Polysaccharides Extracted From Opuntia Ficus Indica Cladodes. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;92:441-450. PubMed PMID: 27426700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Extraction and characterization of three polysaccharides extracted from Opuntia ficus indica cladodes. AU - Bayar,Nadia, AU - Kriaa,Mouna, AU - Kammoun,Radhouane, Y1 - 2016/07/15/ PY - 2016/03/11/received PY - 2016/07/11/revised PY - 2016/07/13/accepted PY - 2016/7/19/pubmed PY - 2017/3/14/medline PY - 2016/7/19/entrez KW - Functional properties KW - Opuntia ficus indica cladodes KW - Polysaccharides SP - 441 EP - 450 JF - International journal of biological macromolecules JO - Int J Biol Macromol VL - 92 N2 - The chemical extraction and the characterization of polysaccharides from mucilage (MC), pectin (PC) and total pectic mucilage fraction (TFC) of Opuntia ficus indica cladodes as well as the evaluation of their antioxidant activities was investigated. The FTIR spectroscopic analysis revealed the presence of carboxyl and hydroxyl groups corresponding to polysaccharides. Uronic acid and the total sugar contents of PC were higher than those of TFC and MC whereas ash content of MC was considerably more important. In addition, the findings showed that all the samples had little protein content and low average molecular weight compared to the results mentioned in literature. Furthermore, MC reached not only the highest water (WHC) and oil holding (OHC) capacities (7.81g/g and 1.34g/g, respectively) but also the highest antioxidant properties (DPPH and ABTS scavenging activities, β-carotene bleaching inhibition activity and reducing power). However, PC had the strongest emulsifying and foaming properties. As for TFC, it had low WHC, OHC and emulsifying properties whereas it had higher foaming properties than MC and greater antioxidant properties compared to PC. These outcomes can encourage the use of PC as a surfactant and MC and TFC as natural antioxidants in food and pharmaceutical industries. SN - 1879-0003 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27426700/Extraction_and_characterization_of_three_polysaccharides_extracted_from_Opuntia_ficus_indica_cladodes_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0141-8130(16)30852-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -