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Reducing Food Loss and Waste to Enhance Food Security and Environmental Sustainability.
Environ Sci Technol. 2016 08 16; 50(16):8432-43.ES

Abstract

While food shortage remains a big concern in many regions around the world, almost one-third of the total food production is discarded as food loss and waste (FLW). This is associated with about one-quarter of land, water, and fertilizer used for crop production, even though resources and environmental constraints are expected to limit food production around the world. FLW reduction represents a potential opportunity to enhance both food security and environmental sustainability and therefore has received considerable attention recently. By reviewing the recent progress and new developments in the literature, this paper highlights the importance of FLW prevention as a complementary solution to address the Grand Challenge of global food security and environmental sustainability. However, raising awareness only is not enough to realize the expected FLW reduction. We identify the knowledge gaps and opportunities for research by synthesizing the strategies of FLW reduction and the barriers, including (1) filling the data gaps, (2) quantifying the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of FLW reduction strategies, (3) understanding the scale effects, and (4) exploring the impacts of global transitions. It is urgent to take more aggressive yet scientifically based actions to reduce FLW, which require everyone's involvement along the food supply chain, including policy makers, food producers and suppliers, and food consumers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ven Te Chow Hydrosystems Laboratory, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States.Ven Te Chow Hydrosystems Laboratory, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27428555

Citation

Shafiee-Jood, Majid, and Ximing Cai. "Reducing Food Loss and Waste to Enhance Food Security and Environmental Sustainability." Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 50, no. 16, 2016, pp. 8432-43.
Shafiee-Jood M, Cai X. Reducing Food Loss and Waste to Enhance Food Security and Environmental Sustainability. Environ Sci Technol. 2016;50(16):8432-43.
Shafiee-Jood, M., & Cai, X. (2016). Reducing Food Loss and Waste to Enhance Food Security and Environmental Sustainability. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(16), 8432-43. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01993
Shafiee-Jood M, Cai X. Reducing Food Loss and Waste to Enhance Food Security and Environmental Sustainability. Environ Sci Technol. 2016 08 16;50(16):8432-43. PubMed PMID: 27428555.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reducing Food Loss and Waste to Enhance Food Security and Environmental Sustainability. AU - Shafiee-Jood,Majid, AU - Cai,Ximing, Y1 - 2016/08/04/ PY - 2016/7/19/entrez PY - 2016/7/19/pubmed PY - 2017/6/24/medline SP - 8432 EP - 43 JF - Environmental science & technology JO - Environ. Sci. Technol. VL - 50 IS - 16 N2 - While food shortage remains a big concern in many regions around the world, almost one-third of the total food production is discarded as food loss and waste (FLW). This is associated with about one-quarter of land, water, and fertilizer used for crop production, even though resources and environmental constraints are expected to limit food production around the world. FLW reduction represents a potential opportunity to enhance both food security and environmental sustainability and therefore has received considerable attention recently. By reviewing the recent progress and new developments in the literature, this paper highlights the importance of FLW prevention as a complementary solution to address the Grand Challenge of global food security and environmental sustainability. However, raising awareness only is not enough to realize the expected FLW reduction. We identify the knowledge gaps and opportunities for research by synthesizing the strategies of FLW reduction and the barriers, including (1) filling the data gaps, (2) quantifying the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of FLW reduction strategies, (3) understanding the scale effects, and (4) exploring the impacts of global transitions. It is urgent to take more aggressive yet scientifically based actions to reduce FLW, which require everyone's involvement along the food supply chain, including policy makers, food producers and suppliers, and food consumers. SN - 1520-5851 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27428555/Reducing_Food_Loss_and_Waste_to_Enhance_Food_Security_and_Environmental_Sustainability_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01993 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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