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Prevalence of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies and association with caries and oral hygiene status of children in Southwestern, Nigeria.
BMC Oral Health. 2016 Jul 07; 17(1):8.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Developmental dental hard tissue anomalies are often associated with oral health problems. This study determined the clinical prevalence of developmental dental hard tissue anomalies in the permanent dentition of children resident in southwestern Nigeria and its association with dental caries and poor oral hygiene status.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study recruiting 1565 school children, 12 to 15 year old attending schools in Ibadan, Oyo State and Ile-Ife, Osun State. All eligible study participants had oral examinations conducted to determine presence of developmental hard dental tissue anomalies, caries and oral hygiene status. The prevalence of developmental dental hard tissue anomalies was determined. Logistic Poisson regression was used to determine the association of between developmental dental hard tissue anomalies, caries and oral hygiene status.

RESULTS

Only 65 (4.2 %) children had clinically diagnosed developmental dental hard tissue anomalies. The most prevalent anomaly was enamel hypoplasia (2.2 %). More females (p = 0.003) and more children with middle socioeconomic class (p = 0.001) had enamel hypoplasia. The probability of having poor oral hygiene was significantly increased for children with developmental dental anomalies (APR: 0.07; 95 % CI: 0.03 - 0.12; p = 0.002). The probability of having caries was insignificantly increased for children with developmental dental hard tissue anomalies (APR: 0.005; 95 % CI: -0.03 - 0.04; p = 0.08).

CONCLUSION

The most prevalence clinically detectable developmental dental hard tissue anomalies for the study population was enamel hypoplasia. The presence of developmental dental hard tissue anomalies significantly increased the chances of having poor oral hygiene but not caries. Further studies are required to understand if poor oral hygiene is associated with dental caries in children with developmental dental hard tissue anomalies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child Oral Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. olubukolap@gmail.com. Department of Child Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. olubukolap@gmail.com.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27430583

Citation

Popoola, Bamidele O., et al. "Prevalence of Developmental Dental Hard-tissue Anomalies and Association With Caries and Oral Hygiene Status of Children in Southwestern, Nigeria." BMC Oral Health, vol. 17, no. 1, 2016, p. 8.
Popoola BO, Onyejaka N, Folayan MO. Prevalence of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies and association with caries and oral hygiene status of children in Southwestern, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2016;17(1):8.
Popoola, B. O., Onyejaka, N., & Folayan, M. O. (2016). Prevalence of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies and association with caries and oral hygiene status of children in Southwestern, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health, 17(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-016-0236-6
Popoola BO, Onyejaka N, Folayan MO. Prevalence of Developmental Dental Hard-tissue Anomalies and Association With Caries and Oral Hygiene Status of Children in Southwestern, Nigeria. BMC Oral Health. 2016 Jul 7;17(1):8. PubMed PMID: 27430583.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of developmental dental hard-tissue anomalies and association with caries and oral hygiene status of children in Southwestern, Nigeria. AU - Popoola,Bamidele O, AU - Onyejaka,Nneka, AU - Folayan,Morenike O, Y1 - 2016/07/07/ PY - 2015/12/03/received PY - 2016/06/11/accepted PY - 2016/7/20/entrez PY - 2016/7/20/pubmed PY - 2018/3/29/medline KW - Anomalies KW - Dental caries KW - Dental hard-tissue KW - Developmental KW - Oral hygiene SP - 8 EP - 8 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Developmental dental hard tissue anomalies are often associated with oral health problems. This study determined the clinical prevalence of developmental dental hard tissue anomalies in the permanent dentition of children resident in southwestern Nigeria and its association with dental caries and poor oral hygiene status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study recruiting 1565 school children, 12 to 15 year old attending schools in Ibadan, Oyo State and Ile-Ife, Osun State. All eligible study participants had oral examinations conducted to determine presence of developmental hard dental tissue anomalies, caries and oral hygiene status. The prevalence of developmental dental hard tissue anomalies was determined. Logistic Poisson regression was used to determine the association of between developmental dental hard tissue anomalies, caries and oral hygiene status. RESULTS: Only 65 (4.2 %) children had clinically diagnosed developmental dental hard tissue anomalies. The most prevalent anomaly was enamel hypoplasia (2.2 %). More females (p = 0.003) and more children with middle socioeconomic class (p = 0.001) had enamel hypoplasia. The probability of having poor oral hygiene was significantly increased for children with developmental dental anomalies (APR: 0.07; 95 % CI: 0.03 - 0.12; p = 0.002). The probability of having caries was insignificantly increased for children with developmental dental hard tissue anomalies (APR: 0.005; 95 % CI: -0.03 - 0.04; p = 0.08). CONCLUSION: The most prevalence clinically detectable developmental dental hard tissue anomalies for the study population was enamel hypoplasia. The presence of developmental dental hard tissue anomalies significantly increased the chances of having poor oral hygiene but not caries. Further studies are required to understand if poor oral hygiene is associated with dental caries in children with developmental dental hard tissue anomalies. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27430583/Prevalence_of_developmental_dental_hard_tissue_anomalies_and_association_with_caries_and_oral_hygiene_status_of_children_in_Southwestern_Nigeria_ L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-016-0236-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -