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Instant noodles, processed food intake, and dietary pattern are associated with atopic dermatitis in an adult population (KNHANES 2009-2011).

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

The incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is continuously increasing in industrialized countries, possibly due to dietary and lifestyle changes. However, the association between processed food intake and AD has not been studied in a large adult population.

METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN

We investigated the association between dietary habits and AD in 17,497 adults in the 2009-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).

RESULTS

We identified 4 dietary patterns using principal components analysis of a 63-item food frequency questionnaire: the "traditional dietary pattern", rich in rice and kimchi; the "processed food pattern", with more meat, instant noodles, soda, and processed foods; the "healthy dietary pattern", high in grains, vegetables, fruits, and seaweeds; and the "drinking dietary pattern", mainly drinking coffee and alcohol. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for AD were calculated according to dietary patterns after adjusting for potential confounders with incorporation of sample weights for the complex sample design. The "meat and processed food" pattern was associated with a significant 1.57 fold higher OR for atopic dermatitis than the low consumption group. Further analysis revealed that the increased atopic dermatitis was most closely associated with instant noodles. In contrast, the groups with high intake of rice and kimchi exhibited lower ORs, 0.38 and 0.43 folds, compared to the low intake group.

CONCLUSION

Consuming instant noodles, meat and processed foods was associated with increased prevalence of atopic dermatitis, whereas consuming rice and kimchi, and coffee was associated with decreased prevalence of atopic dermatitis.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Deptartment of Food and Nutrition, Diabetes/Obesity Center, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea.

    ,

    Deptartment of Statistics, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.

    Deptartment of Food Science and Nutrition, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. Email: jhb@kmu.ac.kr; drjhbae@hanmail.net.

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Beverages
    Coffee
    Dermatitis, Atopic
    Diet
    Diet Records
    Fast Foods
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Fermentation
    Food
    Food Handling
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Surveys
    Odds Ratio
    Oryza
    Republic of Korea
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    27440696

    Citation

    Park, Sunmin, et al. "Instant Noodles, Processed Food Intake, and Dietary Pattern Are Associated With Atopic Dermatitis in an Adult Population (KNHANES 2009-2011)." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 25, no. 3, 2016, pp. 602-13.
    Park S, Choi HS, Bae JH. Instant noodles, processed food intake, and dietary pattern are associated with atopic dermatitis in an adult population (KNHANES 2009-2011). Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016;25(3):602-13.
    Park, S., Choi, H. S., & Bae, J. H. (2016). Instant noodles, processed food intake, and dietary pattern are associated with atopic dermatitis in an adult population (KNHANES 2009-2011). Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 25(3), pp. 602-13. doi:10.6133/apjcn.092015.23.
    Park S, Choi HS, Bae JH. Instant Noodles, Processed Food Intake, and Dietary Pattern Are Associated With Atopic Dermatitis in an Adult Population (KNHANES 2009-2011). Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2016;25(3):602-13. PubMed PMID: 27440696.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Instant noodles, processed food intake, and dietary pattern are associated with atopic dermatitis in an adult population (KNHANES 2009-2011). AU - Park,Sunmin, AU - Choi,Hyun-Seok, AU - Bae,Ji-Hyun, PY - 2016/7/22/entrez PY - 2016/7/22/pubmed PY - 2016/9/14/medline SP - 602 EP - 13 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 25 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is continuously increasing in industrialized countries, possibly due to dietary and lifestyle changes. However, the association between processed food intake and AD has not been studied in a large adult population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We investigated the association between dietary habits and AD in 17,497 adults in the 2009-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). RESULTS: We identified 4 dietary patterns using principal components analysis of a 63-item food frequency questionnaire: the "traditional dietary pattern", rich in rice and kimchi; the "processed food pattern", with more meat, instant noodles, soda, and processed foods; the "healthy dietary pattern", high in grains, vegetables, fruits, and seaweeds; and the "drinking dietary pattern", mainly drinking coffee and alcohol. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for AD were calculated according to dietary patterns after adjusting for potential confounders with incorporation of sample weights for the complex sample design. The "meat and processed food" pattern was associated with a significant 1.57 fold higher OR for atopic dermatitis than the low consumption group. Further analysis revealed that the increased atopic dermatitis was most closely associated with instant noodles. In contrast, the groups with high intake of rice and kimchi exhibited lower ORs, 0.38 and 0.43 folds, compared to the low intake group. CONCLUSION: Consuming instant noodles, meat and processed foods was associated with increased prevalence of atopic dermatitis, whereas consuming rice and kimchi, and coffee was associated with decreased prevalence of atopic dermatitis. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27440696/full_citation L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/25/3/602.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -