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Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities on Laserpitium carduchorum Hedge & Lamond Essential Oil and Extracts During Various Growing Stages.
Chem Biodivers. 2016 Oct; 13(10):1397-1403.CB

Abstract

Laserpitium carduchorum is frequently used as a spice, and in Bane folk medicine, the aerial parts of this are used to treat urinary infections. Variation in the quantity and quality of the essential oil of Iranian L. carduchorum at different developmental growth stages including vegetative, flowering, and seed ripening is reported. In total, 33 compounds were identified and quantified in the oils of vegetative, flowering, and seed ripening stages, representing 97.8%, 98.8%, and 98.7% of the oils, respectively. α-Pinene (45.1, 61.4, and 46.4%), sabinene (16.5, 10.3, and 17.5%), and limonene (6.4, 8.5, and 20.4%) were the main compounds in all samples. The antioxidant activities of different extracts of L. carduchorum at different developmental growth stages were examined by employing various established in vitro experiments including DPPH, FRAP, and TEAC assays. The amounts of total phenolics were also determined spectrophotometerically. Antimicrobial activities of different extracts and essential oils of L. carduchorum at different developmental growth stages were examined against five Gram-positive and four Gram-negative bacteria, as well as two fungi. The results showed that maximum antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of extracts were at the flowering stage of the plant. Maximum antimicrobial activity of essential oils was at seed ripening stage.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. d.dastan@umsha.ac.ir.Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran, Iran. p-salehi@sbu.ac.ir.Research Center of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Forked Road of Jame-Jam, Sanandaj, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27450544

Citation

Dastan, Dara, et al. "Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities On Laserpitium Carduchorum Hedge & Lamond Essential Oil and Extracts During Various Growing Stages." Chemistry & Biodiversity, vol. 13, no. 10, 2016, pp. 1397-1403.
Dastan D, Salehi P, Maroofi H. Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities on Laserpitium carduchorum Hedge & Lamond Essential Oil and Extracts During Various Growing Stages. Chem Biodivers. 2016;13(10):1397-1403.
Dastan, D., Salehi, P., & Maroofi, H. (2016). Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities on Laserpitium carduchorum Hedge & Lamond Essential Oil and Extracts During Various Growing Stages. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 13(10), 1397-1403. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.201600087
Dastan D, Salehi P, Maroofi H. Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities On Laserpitium Carduchorum Hedge & Lamond Essential Oil and Extracts During Various Growing Stages. Chem Biodivers. 2016;13(10):1397-1403. PubMed PMID: 27450544.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activities on Laserpitium carduchorum Hedge & Lamond Essential Oil and Extracts During Various Growing Stages. AU - Dastan,Dara, AU - Salehi,Peyman, AU - Maroofi,Hossein, PY - 2016/03/13/received PY - 2016/05/03/accepted PY - 2016/7/28/pubmed PY - 2017/1/19/medline PY - 2016/7/25/entrez KW - Laserpitium carduchorum KW - Antimicrobial activities KW - Antioxidant activities KW - Essential oils KW - Medicinal plant SP - 1397 EP - 1403 JF - Chemistry & biodiversity JO - Chem Biodivers VL - 13 IS - 10 N2 - Laserpitium carduchorum is frequently used as a spice, and in Bane folk medicine, the aerial parts of this are used to treat urinary infections. Variation in the quantity and quality of the essential oil of Iranian L. carduchorum at different developmental growth stages including vegetative, flowering, and seed ripening is reported. In total, 33 compounds were identified and quantified in the oils of vegetative, flowering, and seed ripening stages, representing 97.8%, 98.8%, and 98.7% of the oils, respectively. α-Pinene (45.1, 61.4, and 46.4%), sabinene (16.5, 10.3, and 17.5%), and limonene (6.4, 8.5, and 20.4%) were the main compounds in all samples. The antioxidant activities of different extracts of L. carduchorum at different developmental growth stages were examined by employing various established in vitro experiments including DPPH, FRAP, and TEAC assays. The amounts of total phenolics were also determined spectrophotometerically. Antimicrobial activities of different extracts and essential oils of L. carduchorum at different developmental growth stages were examined against five Gram-positive and four Gram-negative bacteria, as well as two fungi. The results showed that maximum antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of extracts were at the flowering stage of the plant. Maximum antimicrobial activity of essential oils was at seed ripening stage. SN - 1612-1880 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27450544/Chemical_Composition_Antioxidant_and_Antimicrobial_Activities_on_Laserpitium_carduchorum_Hedge_&_Lamond_Essential_Oil_and_Extracts_During_Various_Growing_Stages_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -