[Prevalence of intimate partner violence in heterosexual men attending HIV voluntary counsel and test clinics and related factors in Shanghai].Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2016 Jul; 37(7):960-4.ZL
To understand prevalence of intimate partner violence(IPV)in heterosexual men(HM)attending HIV voluntary counseling and testing(VCT)clinics and related factors in Shanghai.
All the HM attending two VCT clinics in Shanghai during March-August, 2015 were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey with questionnaire interview and blood test for HIV. IPV was evaluated by using the questionnaire developed by WHO Multi-Country Study on Women' s Health and Domestic Violence against Women.
A total of 327 participants were recruited, their average age was 29.4 years(s∶6.1). Among them 60.2%(197/327)were aged 26-35, 57.8%(189/327)never married, 78.8%(260/327)had educational level of ≥college degree, 49.5%(162/327)were not local residents; 72.2%(236/327)had steady female partners, 72.2%(236/327)had 2 or more female partners in the past year, 6.1%(20/327)reported being diagnosed with sexually transmitted disease(STD). 1.8%(6/327)were tested to be HIV-positive. 28.4%(93/327)had IPV behaviors against heterosexual partners. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that IPV behavior against heterosexual partners was significantly associated with experience of commercial sex(aOR=2.19, 95%CI: 1.16-4.15)and witness of domestic violence in early life(aOR=3.19; 95%CI: 1.58-6.45).
IPV prevalence was relatively high in HM attendants in VCT clinics in Shanghai and IPV intervention is needed to conduct in VCT clinics. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the factors associated with IPV behaviors included having sex with female sex workers and the witness of domestic violence between parents. Future research is needed to further explore the association between IPV and HIV infection.