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It's a two-way street: Automatic and controlled processes in children's emotional responses to moral transgressions.
J Exp Child Psychol. 2016 12; 152:31-40.JE

Abstract

This study examined children's automatic, spontaneous emotional reactions to everyday moral transgressions and their relations with self-reported emotions, which are more complex and infused with controlled cognition. We presented children ​(N=242 4-, 8-, and 12-year-olds) with six everyday moral transgression scenarios in an experimental setting, and both their spontaneous facial emotional reactions and self-reported emotions in the role of the transgressor were recorded. We found that across age self-reported guilt was positively associated with spontaneous fear, and self-reported anger was positively related to spontaneous sadness. In addition, we found a developmental increase in spontaneous sadness and decrease in spontaneous happiness. These results support the importance of automatic and controlled processes in evoking children's emotional responses to everyday moral transgressions. We conclude by providing potential explanations for how automatic and controlled processes function in children's everyday moral experiences and how these processes may change with age.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada. Electronic address: sebastian.dys@mail.utoronto.ca.Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27454237

Citation

Dys, Sebastian P., and Tina Malti. "It's a Two-way Street: Automatic and Controlled Processes in Children's Emotional Responses to Moral Transgressions." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 152, 2016, pp. 31-40.
Dys SP, Malti T. It's a two-way street: Automatic and controlled processes in children's emotional responses to moral transgressions. J Exp Child Psychol. 2016;152:31-40.
Dys, S. P., & Malti, T. (2016). It's a two-way street: Automatic and controlled processes in children's emotional responses to moral transgressions. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 152, 31-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2016.06.011
Dys SP, Malti T. It's a Two-way Street: Automatic and Controlled Processes in Children's Emotional Responses to Moral Transgressions. J Exp Child Psychol. 2016;152:31-40. PubMed PMID: 27454237.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - It's a two-way street: Automatic and controlled processes in children's emotional responses to moral transgressions. AU - Dys,Sebastian P, AU - Malti,Tina, Y1 - 2016/07/25/ PY - 2016/02/12/received PY - 2016/06/24/revised PY - 2016/06/25/accepted PY - 2016/7/28/pubmed PY - 2017/10/31/medline PY - 2016/7/26/entrez KW - Automaticity KW - Controlled processes KW - Moral development KW - Self-reported emotions KW - Spontaneous emotional reactions SP - 31 EP - 40 JF - Journal of experimental child psychology JO - J Exp Child Psychol VL - 152 N2 - This study examined children's automatic, spontaneous emotional reactions to everyday moral transgressions and their relations with self-reported emotions, which are more complex and infused with controlled cognition. We presented children ​(N=242 4-, 8-, and 12-year-olds) with six everyday moral transgression scenarios in an experimental setting, and both their spontaneous facial emotional reactions and self-reported emotions in the role of the transgressor were recorded. We found that across age self-reported guilt was positively associated with spontaneous fear, and self-reported anger was positively related to spontaneous sadness. In addition, we found a developmental increase in spontaneous sadness and decrease in spontaneous happiness. These results support the importance of automatic and controlled processes in evoking children's emotional responses to everyday moral transgressions. We conclude by providing potential explanations for how automatic and controlled processes function in children's everyday moral experiences and how these processes may change with age. SN - 1096-0457 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27454237/It's_a_two_way_street:_Automatic_and_controlled_processes_in_children's_emotional_responses_to_moral_transgressions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0965(16)30068-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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