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Late-night overeating is associated with smaller breakfast, breakfast skipping, and obesity in children: The Healthy Growth Study.
Nutrition. 2017 Jan; 33:141-144.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Excessive energy intake during evening hours is associated with several health problems. The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time the possible association of late-night overeating with breakfast habits and obesity in a large sample of Greek children ages 9 to 13 y.

METHODS

In all, 2655 schoolchildren (9-13 y) participated in the Healthy Growth Study, a cross-sectional epidemiologic study conducted in 77 primary schools in four large regions in Greece. The present study presents results on 1912 children having full data regarding anthropometric, dietary, physical activity, and physical examination indices.

RESULTS

High-energy intake at dinner and evening snack was associated with higher likelihood of skipping breakfast (odds ratio, 1.85; 95% confidence interval 1.42-2.39) and with lower caloric intake at breakfast (β = 0.14; P < 0.001). Children at the lowest quartile of physical activity levels were found to have a positive association between the calories consumed at dinner and their body mass index (β = 0.11; P = 0.019). This association was inverse for children at the highest quartile of physical activity levels (β = -0.10; P = 0.033).

CONCLUSIONS

Late-night overeating is associated with skipping and/or consuming a smaller breakfast. In children with low levels of physical activity, it is associated with increased body mass index. Future relevant studies are essential to further explore and confirm the findings of the present study.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Greece.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Greece; EnviNHealth S.A., Athens, Greece.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Greece.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, Greece. Electronic address: Manios@hua.gr.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27461167

Citation

Karatzi, Kalliopi, et al. "Late-night Overeating Is Associated With Smaller Breakfast, Breakfast Skipping, and Obesity in Children: the Healthy Growth Study." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 33, 2017, pp. 141-144.
Karatzi K, Moschonis G, Choupi E, et al. Late-night overeating is associated with smaller breakfast, breakfast skipping, and obesity in children: The Healthy Growth Study. Nutrition. 2017;33:141-144.
Karatzi, K., Moschonis, G., Choupi, E., & Manios, Y. (2017). Late-night overeating is associated with smaller breakfast, breakfast skipping, and obesity in children: The Healthy Growth Study. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 33, 141-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2016.05.010
Karatzi K, et al. Late-night Overeating Is Associated With Smaller Breakfast, Breakfast Skipping, and Obesity in Children: the Healthy Growth Study. Nutrition. 2017;33:141-144. PubMed PMID: 27461167.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Late-night overeating is associated with smaller breakfast, breakfast skipping, and obesity in children: The Healthy Growth Study. AU - Karatzi,Kalliopi, AU - Moschonis,George, AU - Choupi,Eurikleia, AU - Manios,Yannis, AU - ,, Y1 - 2016/06/06/ PY - 2016/02/24/received PY - 2016/04/20/revised PY - 2016/05/17/accepted PY - 2016/7/28/pubmed PY - 2017/6/27/medline PY - 2016/7/28/entrez KW - Breakfast skipping KW - Childhood obesity KW - Late-night overeating SP - 141 EP - 144 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 33 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake during evening hours is associated with several health problems. The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time the possible association of late-night overeating with breakfast habits and obesity in a large sample of Greek children ages 9 to 13 y. METHODS: In all, 2655 schoolchildren (9-13 y) participated in the Healthy Growth Study, a cross-sectional epidemiologic study conducted in 77 primary schools in four large regions in Greece. The present study presents results on 1912 children having full data regarding anthropometric, dietary, physical activity, and physical examination indices. RESULTS: High-energy intake at dinner and evening snack was associated with higher likelihood of skipping breakfast (odds ratio, 1.85; 95% confidence interval 1.42-2.39) and with lower caloric intake at breakfast (β = 0.14; P < 0.001). Children at the lowest quartile of physical activity levels were found to have a positive association between the calories consumed at dinner and their body mass index (β = 0.11; P = 0.019). This association was inverse for children at the highest quartile of physical activity levels (β = -0.10; P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: Late-night overeating is associated with skipping and/or consuming a smaller breakfast. In children with low levels of physical activity, it is associated with increased body mass index. Future relevant studies are essential to further explore and confirm the findings of the present study. SN - 1873-1244 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27461167/Late_night_overeating_is_associated_with_smaller_breakfast_breakfast_skipping_and_obesity_in_children:_The_Healthy_Growth_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(16)30083-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -