Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Highly Processed and Ready-to-Eat Packaged Food and Beverage Purchases Differ by Race/Ethnicity among US Households.
J Nutr. 2016 09; 146(9):1722-30.JN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Racial/ethnic disparities in dietary quality persist among Americans, but it is unclear whether highly processed foods or convenience foods contribute to these inequalities.

OBJECTIVE

We examined the independent associations of race/ethnicity with highly processed and ready-to-eat (RTE) food purchases among US households. We determined whether controlling for between-group differences in purchases of these products attenuated associations between race/ethnicity and the nutritional quality of purchases.

METHODS

The 2000-2012 Homescan Panel followed US households (n = 157,142) that scanned their consumer packaged goods (CPG) food and beverage purchases. By using repeated-measures regression models adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, we examined time-varying associations of race/ethnicity with processed and convenience food purchases, expressed as a percentage of calories purchased. We estimated associations between race/ethnicity and saturated fat, sugar, or energy density of total purchases with and without adjustment for processed and convenience food purchases.

RESULTS

Compared with white households, black households had significantly lower purchases of highly processed foods (-4.1% kcal) and RTE convenience foods (-4.9% kcal) and had higher purchases of basic processed foods, particularly cooking oils and sugar (+5.4% kcal), foods requiring cooking/preparation (+4.5% kcal), and highly processed beverages (+7.1% kcal). Hispanics also had lower purchases of highly processed and RTE foods than whites. Blacks had CPG purchases with significantly higher median sugar (+2.2% kcal) and energy density (+72 kcal/1000 g), whereas Hispanics had purchases with lower saturated fat (-0.6% kcal) and energy density (-25 kcal/1000 g) than whites. Racial/ethnic differences remained significant after adjustment for processed and convenience food purchases.

CONCLUSIONS

In our study, compared with white households, both black and Hispanic households had lower purchases of highly processed and RTE foods, yet had total CPG purchases with differing nutritional quality. Our findings suggest that highly processed convenience foods are associated with, but cannot fully explain, racial/ethnic disparities in the nutritional quality of CPG purchases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC popkin@unc.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27466605

Citation

Poti, Jennifer M., et al. "Highly Processed and Ready-to-Eat Packaged Food and Beverage Purchases Differ By Race/Ethnicity Among US Households." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 146, no. 9, 2016, pp. 1722-30.
Poti JM, Mendez MA, Ng SW, et al. Highly Processed and Ready-to-Eat Packaged Food and Beverage Purchases Differ by Race/Ethnicity among US Households. J Nutr. 2016;146(9):1722-30.
Poti, J. M., Mendez, M. A., Ng, S. W., & Popkin, B. M. (2016). Highly Processed and Ready-to-Eat Packaged Food and Beverage Purchases Differ by Race/Ethnicity among US Households. The Journal of Nutrition, 146(9), 1722-30. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.116.230441
Poti JM, et al. Highly Processed and Ready-to-Eat Packaged Food and Beverage Purchases Differ By Race/Ethnicity Among US Households. J Nutr. 2016;146(9):1722-30. PubMed PMID: 27466605.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Highly Processed and Ready-to-Eat Packaged Food and Beverage Purchases Differ by Race/Ethnicity among US Households. AU - Poti,Jennifer M, AU - Mendez,Michelle A, AU - Ng,Shu Wen, AU - Popkin,Barry M, Y1 - 2016/07/27/ PY - 2016/01/25/received PY - 2016/06/13/accepted PY - 2016/7/29/entrez PY - 2016/7/29/pubmed PY - 2017/6/28/medline KW - convenience KW - disparities KW - ethnicity KW - food processing KW - processed food KW - race SP - 1722 EP - 30 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J Nutr VL - 146 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic disparities in dietary quality persist among Americans, but it is unclear whether highly processed foods or convenience foods contribute to these inequalities. OBJECTIVE: We examined the independent associations of race/ethnicity with highly processed and ready-to-eat (RTE) food purchases among US households. We determined whether controlling for between-group differences in purchases of these products attenuated associations between race/ethnicity and the nutritional quality of purchases. METHODS: The 2000-2012 Homescan Panel followed US households (n = 157,142) that scanned their consumer packaged goods (CPG) food and beverage purchases. By using repeated-measures regression models adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, we examined time-varying associations of race/ethnicity with processed and convenience food purchases, expressed as a percentage of calories purchased. We estimated associations between race/ethnicity and saturated fat, sugar, or energy density of total purchases with and without adjustment for processed and convenience food purchases. RESULTS: Compared with white households, black households had significantly lower purchases of highly processed foods (-4.1% kcal) and RTE convenience foods (-4.9% kcal) and had higher purchases of basic processed foods, particularly cooking oils and sugar (+5.4% kcal), foods requiring cooking/preparation (+4.5% kcal), and highly processed beverages (+7.1% kcal). Hispanics also had lower purchases of highly processed and RTE foods than whites. Blacks had CPG purchases with significantly higher median sugar (+2.2% kcal) and energy density (+72 kcal/1000 g), whereas Hispanics had purchases with lower saturated fat (-0.6% kcal) and energy density (-25 kcal/1000 g) than whites. Racial/ethnic differences remained significant after adjustment for processed and convenience food purchases. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, compared with white households, both black and Hispanic households had lower purchases of highly processed and RTE foods, yet had total CPG purchases with differing nutritional quality. Our findings suggest that highly processed convenience foods are associated with, but cannot fully explain, racial/ethnic disparities in the nutritional quality of CPG purchases. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27466605/Highly_Processed_and_Ready_to_Eat_Packaged_Food_and_Beverage_Purchases_Differ_by_Race/Ethnicity_among_US_Households_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/jn.116.230441 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -