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Differential relations between youth internalizing/externalizing problems and cortisol responses to performance vs. interpersonal stress.
Stress. 2016 09; 19(5):492-8.S

Abstract

Efforts to define hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis profiles conferring risk for psychopathology have yielded inconclusive results, perhaps in part due to limited assessment of the stress response. In particular, research has typically focused on HPA responses to performance tasks, while neglecting the interpersonal stressors that become salient during adolescence. In this study we investigated links between psychosocial adjustment - youth internalizing and externalizing problems, as well as competence - and HPA responses to both performance and interpersonal stressors in a normative sample of children and adolescents. Participants (n = 59) completed a set of performance (public speaking, mental arithmetic, mirror tracing) and/or interpersonal (peer rejection) tasks and gave nine saliva samples, which were assayed for cortisol. Hierarchical linear models of cortisol response trajectories in relation to child behavior checklist (CBCL) scores revealed stressor- and sex-specific associations. Whereas internalizing problems related to earlier peaking, less dynamic cortisol responses to interpersonal stress (across males and females), externalizing problems related to lower, earlier peaking and less dynamic cortisol responses to performance stress for males only, and competence-related to later peaking cortisol responses to interpersonal stress for females only. Implications for understanding contextual stress profiles underlying different forms of psychopathology are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Psychology , University of Oregon , Eugene , OR , USA ;b Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, the Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , RI , USA.b Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, the Miriam Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , RI , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27470923

Citation

Laurent, Heidemarie, et al. "Differential Relations Between Youth Internalizing/externalizing Problems and Cortisol Responses to Performance Vs. Interpersonal Stress." Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), vol. 19, no. 5, 2016, pp. 492-8.
Laurent H, Vergara-Lopez C, Stroud LR. Differential relations between youth internalizing/externalizing problems and cortisol responses to performance vs. interpersonal stress. Stress. 2016;19(5):492-8.
Laurent, H., Vergara-Lopez, C., & Stroud, L. R. (2016). Differential relations between youth internalizing/externalizing problems and cortisol responses to performance vs. interpersonal stress. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 19(5), 492-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2016.1218843
Laurent H, Vergara-Lopez C, Stroud LR. Differential Relations Between Youth Internalizing/externalizing Problems and Cortisol Responses to Performance Vs. Interpersonal Stress. Stress. 2016;19(5):492-8. PubMed PMID: 27470923.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differential relations between youth internalizing/externalizing problems and cortisol responses to performance vs. interpersonal stress. AU - Laurent,Heidemarie, AU - Vergara-Lopez,Chrystal, AU - Stroud,Laura R, Y1 - 2016/08/23/ PY - 2016/7/30/entrez PY - 2016/7/30/pubmed PY - 2018/1/10/medline KW - Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis KW - cortisol KW - externalizing KW - internalizing KW - interpersonal stress KW - performance stress KW - youth SP - 492 EP - 8 JF - Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands) JO - Stress VL - 19 IS - 5 N2 - Efforts to define hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis profiles conferring risk for psychopathology have yielded inconclusive results, perhaps in part due to limited assessment of the stress response. In particular, research has typically focused on HPA responses to performance tasks, while neglecting the interpersonal stressors that become salient during adolescence. In this study we investigated links between psychosocial adjustment - youth internalizing and externalizing problems, as well as competence - and HPA responses to both performance and interpersonal stressors in a normative sample of children and adolescents. Participants (n = 59) completed a set of performance (public speaking, mental arithmetic, mirror tracing) and/or interpersonal (peer rejection) tasks and gave nine saliva samples, which were assayed for cortisol. Hierarchical linear models of cortisol response trajectories in relation to child behavior checklist (CBCL) scores revealed stressor- and sex-specific associations. Whereas internalizing problems related to earlier peaking, less dynamic cortisol responses to interpersonal stress (across males and females), externalizing problems related to lower, earlier peaking and less dynamic cortisol responses to performance stress for males only, and competence-related to later peaking cortisol responses to interpersonal stress for females only. Implications for understanding contextual stress profiles underlying different forms of psychopathology are discussed. SN - 1607-8888 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27470923/Differential_relations_between_youth_internalizing/externalizing_problems_and_cortisol_responses_to_performance_vs__interpersonal_stress_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10253890.2016.1218843 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -