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Flame retardation of cellulose-rich fabrics via a simplified layer-by-layer assembly.
Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Oct 20; 151:434-440.CP

Abstract

Due to the high cellulose content of cotton (88.0-96.5%), the flame retardation of cotton fabrics can be achieved via an approach for the flame retardation of cellulose. In this work, a facile water-based flame retardant coating was deposited on cotton fabrics by a 'simplified' layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly. The novel coating solution was based on a mild reaction between ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI), and the reaction mechanism was studied. TGA results showed that the char residues of coated fabrics were remarkably increased. The fabric with only 5wt% coating showed self-extinguishing in the horizontal flame test, and the peak heat release rate (pHRR) in cone calorimeter test decreased by 51%. Furthermore, this coating overcame a general drawback of flame-retardant LbL assembly which was easily washed away. Therefore, the simplified LbL method provides a fast, low-cost, eco-friendly and wash-durable flame-retardant finishing for the cellulose-rich cotton fabrics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Degradable and Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory of Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials (Sichuan), Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.Center for Degradable and Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory of Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials (Sichuan), Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China. Electronic address: liaowang@scu.edu.cn.Center for Degradable and Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory of Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials (Sichuan), Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.Center for Degradable and Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory of Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials (Sichuan), Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.Center for Degradable and Flame-Retardant Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory of Eco-Friendly Polymeric Materials (Sichuan), Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China. Electronic address: yzwang@scu.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27474586

Citation

Yang, Jun-Chi, et al. "Flame Retardation of Cellulose-rich Fabrics Via a Simplified Layer-by-layer Assembly." Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 151, 2016, pp. 434-440.
Yang JC, Liao W, Deng SB, et al. Flame retardation of cellulose-rich fabrics via a simplified layer-by-layer assembly. Carbohydr Polym. 2016;151:434-440.
Yang, J. C., Liao, W., Deng, S. B., Cao, Z. J., & Wang, Y. Z. (2016). Flame retardation of cellulose-rich fabrics via a simplified layer-by-layer assembly. Carbohydrate Polymers, 151, 434-440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.05.087
Yang JC, et al. Flame Retardation of Cellulose-rich Fabrics Via a Simplified Layer-by-layer Assembly. Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Oct 20;151:434-440. PubMed PMID: 27474586.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Flame retardation of cellulose-rich fabrics via a simplified layer-by-layer assembly. AU - Yang,Jun-Chi, AU - Liao,Wang, AU - Deng,Shi-Bi, AU - Cao,Zhi-Jie, AU - Wang,Yu-Zhong, Y1 - 2016/05/25/ PY - 2016/01/31/received PY - 2016/05/18/revised PY - 2016/05/24/accepted PY - 2016/7/31/entrez PY - 2016/7/31/pubmed PY - 2016/7/31/medline KW - APP KW - Coating KW - Cotton fabric KW - Flame retardant SP - 434 EP - 440 JF - Carbohydrate polymers JO - Carbohydr Polym VL - 151 N2 - Due to the high cellulose content of cotton (88.0-96.5%), the flame retardation of cotton fabrics can be achieved via an approach for the flame retardation of cellulose. In this work, a facile water-based flame retardant coating was deposited on cotton fabrics by a 'simplified' layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly. The novel coating solution was based on a mild reaction between ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI), and the reaction mechanism was studied. TGA results showed that the char residues of coated fabrics were remarkably increased. The fabric with only 5wt% coating showed self-extinguishing in the horizontal flame test, and the peak heat release rate (pHRR) in cone calorimeter test decreased by 51%. Furthermore, this coating overcame a general drawback of flame-retardant LbL assembly which was easily washed away. Therefore, the simplified LbL method provides a fast, low-cost, eco-friendly and wash-durable flame-retardant finishing for the cellulose-rich cotton fabrics. SN - 1879-1344 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27474586/Flame_retardation_of_cellulose_rich_fabrics_via_a_simplified_layer_by_layer_assembly_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0144-8617(16)30621-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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