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Associations between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Eating Disorders by Gender: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2016 11; 24(6):536-540.EE

Abstract

Few studies have assessed the association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and eating disorders (ED) separately in men and women, especially in representative samples. Using data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, lifetime and past 12-month prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, ADHD was compared in men and women with and without diagnoses of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV ED and any binge eating (BE) using logistic regression models adjusted for gender and age. In both sexes, those with lifetime and past 12-month BE and binge eating disorder had significantly higher prevalence of ADHD than those without BE and binge eating disorder, respectively. Women with lifetime and past 12-month bulimia nervosa and lifetime anorexia nervosa also had significantly higher prevalence of ADHD compared with women without these diagnoses. Given that ADHD invariably began earlier than the ED, ADHD may be an important risk factor for subsequent BE and related ED, and there may be opportunities for intervention among youth with ADHD. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. drtimothybrewerton@gmail.com.Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA. Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27480884

Citation

Brewerton, Timothy D., and Alexis E. Duncan. "Associations Between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Eating Disorders By Gender: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey Replication." European Eating Disorders Review : the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association, vol. 24, no. 6, 2016, pp. 536-540.
Brewerton TD, Duncan AE. Associations between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Eating Disorders by Gender: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2016;24(6):536-540.
Brewerton, T. D., & Duncan, A. E. (2016). Associations between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Eating Disorders by Gender: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. European Eating Disorders Review : the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association, 24(6), 536-540. https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2468
Brewerton TD, Duncan AE. Associations Between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Eating Disorders By Gender: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2016;24(6):536-540. PubMed PMID: 27480884.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Eating Disorders by Gender: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. AU - Brewerton,Timothy D, AU - Duncan,Alexis E, Y1 - 2016/08/02/ PY - 2016/02/08/received PY - 2016/07/09/revised PY - 2016/07/13/accepted PY - 2016/10/28/pubmed PY - 2017/11/10/medline PY - 2016/8/3/entrez KW - anorexia nervosa KW - attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder KW - binge eating disorder KW - bulimia nervosa KW - impulsivity SP - 536 EP - 540 JF - European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association JO - Eur Eat Disord Rev VL - 24 IS - 6 N2 - Few studies have assessed the association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and eating disorders (ED) separately in men and women, especially in representative samples. Using data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, lifetime and past 12-month prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, ADHD was compared in men and women with and without diagnoses of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV ED and any binge eating (BE) using logistic regression models adjusted for gender and age. In both sexes, those with lifetime and past 12-month BE and binge eating disorder had significantly higher prevalence of ADHD than those without BE and binge eating disorder, respectively. Women with lifetime and past 12-month bulimia nervosa and lifetime anorexia nervosa also had significantly higher prevalence of ADHD compared with women without these diagnoses. Given that ADHD invariably began earlier than the ED, ADHD may be an important risk factor for subsequent BE and related ED, and there may be opportunities for intervention among youth with ADHD. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association. SN - 1099-0968 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27480884/Associations_between_Attention_Deficit_Hyperactivity_Disorder_and_Eating_Disorders_by_Gender:_Results_from_the_National_Comorbidity_Survey_Replication_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2468 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -