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Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women during Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy during Long-Term Weight Maintenance.
Nutrients. 2016 Jul 30; 8(8)N

Abstract

Short-Term protein-pacing (P; ~6 meals/day, >30% protein/day) and caloric restriction (CR, ~25% energy deficit) improves total (TBF), abdominal (ABF) and visceral (VAT) fat loss, energy expenditure, and biomarkers compared to heart healthy (HH) recommendations (3 meals/day, 15% protein/day) in obese adults. Less is known whether obese men and women respond similarly to P-CR during weight loss (WL) and whether a modified P-CR (mP-CR) is more efficacious than a HH diet during long-term (52 week) weight maintenance (WM). The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of: (1) P-CR on TBF, ABF, resting metabolic rate (RMR), and biomarkers between obese men and women during WL (weeks 0-12); and (2) mP-CR compared to a HH diet during WM (weeks 13-64). During WL, men (n = 21) and women (n = 19) were assessed for TBF, ABF, VAT, RMR, and biomarkers at weeks 0 (pre) and 12 (post). Men and women had similar reductions (p < 0.01) in weight (10%), TBF (19%), ABF (25%), VAT (33%), glucose (7%-12%), insulin (40%), leptin (>50%) and increase in % lean body mass (9%). RMR (kcals/kg bodyweight) was unchanged and respiratory quotient decreased 9%. Twenty-four subjects (mP-CR, n = 10; HH, n = 14) completed WM. mP-CR regained significantly less body weight (6%), TBF (12%), and ABF (17%) compared to HH (p < 0.05). Our results demonstrate P-CR enhances weight loss, body composition and biomarkers, and maintains these changes for 52-weeks compared to a traditional HH diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Human Nutrition and Metabolism Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA. parciero@skidmore.edu.Human Nutrition and Metabolism Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA. redmonds@skidmore.edu.Human Nutrition and Metabolism Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA. fhe@csuchico.edu. Department of Kinesiology, California State University-Chico, Chico, CA 95929, USA. fhe@csuchico.edu.Human Nutrition and Metabolism Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA. emeryward@gmail.com.Isagenix International LLC, Gilbert, AZ 85297, USA. eric.gumpricht@isagenixcorp.com.Isagenix International LLC, Gilbert, AZ 85297, USA. alex.mohr@isagenixcorp.com.Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. mormsbee@fsu.edu. Department of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000, South Africa. mormsbee@fsu.edu.Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, København 1017, Denmark. ast@nexs.ku.dk.

Pub Type(s)

Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27483317

Citation

Arciero, Paul J., et al. "Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women During Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy During Long-Term Weight Maintenance." Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 8, 2016.
Arciero PJ, Edmonds R, He F, et al. Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women during Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy during Long-Term Weight Maintenance. Nutrients. 2016;8(8).
Arciero, P. J., Edmonds, R., He, F., Ward, E., Gumpricht, E., Mohr, A., Ormsbee, M. J., & Astrup, A. (2016). Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women during Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy during Long-Term Weight Maintenance. Nutrients, 8(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080476
Arciero PJ, et al. Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women During Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy During Long-Term Weight Maintenance. Nutrients. 2016 Jul 30;8(8) PubMed PMID: 27483317.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Protein-Pacing Caloric-Restriction Enhances Body Composition Similarly in Obese Men and Women during Weight Loss and Sustains Efficacy during Long-Term Weight Maintenance. AU - Arciero,Paul J, AU - Edmonds,Rohan, AU - He,Feng, AU - Ward,Emery, AU - Gumpricht,Eric, AU - Mohr,Alex, AU - Ormsbee,Michael J, AU - Astrup,Arne, Y1 - 2016/07/30/ PY - 2016/06/15/received PY - 2016/07/21/revised PY - 2016/07/27/accepted PY - 2016/8/3/entrez PY - 2016/8/3/pubmed PY - 2017/3/21/medline KW - abdominal obesity KW - caloric restriction KW - heart healthy KW - intermittent fasting KW - protein-pacing JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 8 IS - 8 N2 - Short-Term protein-pacing (P; ~6 meals/day, >30% protein/day) and caloric restriction (CR, ~25% energy deficit) improves total (TBF), abdominal (ABF) and visceral (VAT) fat loss, energy expenditure, and biomarkers compared to heart healthy (HH) recommendations (3 meals/day, 15% protein/day) in obese adults. Less is known whether obese men and women respond similarly to P-CR during weight loss (WL) and whether a modified P-CR (mP-CR) is more efficacious than a HH diet during long-term (52 week) weight maintenance (WM). The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of: (1) P-CR on TBF, ABF, resting metabolic rate (RMR), and biomarkers between obese men and women during WL (weeks 0-12); and (2) mP-CR compared to a HH diet during WM (weeks 13-64). During WL, men (n = 21) and women (n = 19) were assessed for TBF, ABF, VAT, RMR, and biomarkers at weeks 0 (pre) and 12 (post). Men and women had similar reductions (p < 0.01) in weight (10%), TBF (19%), ABF (25%), VAT (33%), glucose (7%-12%), insulin (40%), leptin (>50%) and increase in % lean body mass (9%). RMR (kcals/kg bodyweight) was unchanged and respiratory quotient decreased 9%. Twenty-four subjects (mP-CR, n = 10; HH, n = 14) completed WM. mP-CR regained significantly less body weight (6%), TBF (12%), and ABF (17%) compared to HH (p < 0.05). Our results demonstrate P-CR enhances weight loss, body composition and biomarkers, and maintains these changes for 52-weeks compared to a traditional HH diet. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27483317/Protein_Pacing_Caloric_Restriction_Enhances_Body_Composition_Similarly_in_Obese_Men_and_Women_during_Weight_Loss_and_Sustains_Efficacy_during_Long_Term_Weight_Maintenance_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu8080476 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -