ACVR1-Fc suppresses BMP signaling and chondro-osseous differentiation in an in vitro model of Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.Bone. 2016 11; 92:29-36.BONE
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare and devastating genetic disease of heterotopic endochondral ossification (HEO), and currently no effective therapies are available for this disease. A recurrent causative heterozygous mutation (c.617 G>A; R206H) for FOP was identified in activin receptor type IA (ACVR1), a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type I receptor. This mutation aberrantly activates the BMP-Smad1/5/8 signaling pathway and leads to HEO in FOP patients. Here we report development of a soluble recombinant ACVR1-Fc fusion protein by combining the extracellular domain of human wild type ACVR1 and the Fc portion of human immunoglobulin gamma 1 (IgG1). The ACVR1-Fc fusion protein significantly down-regulated the dysregulated BMP signaling caused by the FOP ACVR1 mutation and effectively suppressed chondro-osseous differentiation in a previously described cellular FOP model, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) that were infected with adenovirus-ACVR1R206H (HUVECR206H). This ACVR1-Fc fusion protein holds great promise for prevention and treatment of HEO in FOP and related diseases.