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Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Nutritional Status among Iranian Children.
Ecol Food Nutr. 2016 Sep-Oct; 55(5):473-90.EF

Abstract

This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine household food security status and sociodemographic factors influencing it and to examine whether food insecurity of household is a risk factor for underweight, stunting, and thinness in primary school children of Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. A sample of 610 students aged 7-11 years was selected by a multistage cluster random sampling method during December 2013-May 2014. Using U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Security questionnaire, 42.3% of households showed some degree of food insecurity. Food insecurity was positively associated with household size (p = .002) and number of children per household (p = .001) and negatively associated with mother's and father's education level (p = .005 and p = .042, respectively), father's occupation status, and household income (p < .0001). Children living in food insecure with severe hunger households were 10.13, 10.07, and 4.54 times as likely to be underweight, stunted, and thin, respectively, as counterparts from food secure households. The findings showed food insecurity was prevalent and associated with sociodemographic factors among households with schoolchildren in southeastern Iran. Nutritional status of children was also associated with food security status of their households.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.b Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health , Zabol University of Medical Sciences , Zabol , Iran.c Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.d Department of Surgery, Shahid Beheshti Hospital , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , Isfahan , Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27494152

Citation

Shahraki, Soudabeh Hamedi, et al. "Household Food Insecurity Is Associated With Nutritional Status Among Iranian Children." Ecology of Food and Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 5, 2016, pp. 473-90.
Shahraki SH, Amirkhizi F, Amirkhizi B, et al. Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Nutritional Status among Iranian Children. Ecol Food Nutr. 2016;55(5):473-90.
Shahraki, S. H., Amirkhizi, F., Amirkhizi, B., & Hamedi, S. (2016). Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Nutritional Status among Iranian Children. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 55(5), 473-90. https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2016.1212710
Shahraki SH, et al. Household Food Insecurity Is Associated With Nutritional Status Among Iranian Children. Ecol Food Nutr. 2016 Sep-Oct;55(5):473-90. PubMed PMID: 27494152.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Nutritional Status among Iranian Children. AU - Shahraki,Soudabeh Hamedi, AU - Amirkhizi,Farshad, AU - Amirkhizi,Behzad, AU - Hamedi,Sousan, Y1 - 2016/08/05/ PY - 2016/8/6/entrez PY - 2016/8/6/pubmed PY - 2017/2/6/medline KW - Iran KW - food insecurity KW - nutritional status KW - schoolchildren SP - 473 EP - 90 JF - Ecology of food and nutrition JO - Ecol Food Nutr VL - 55 IS - 5 N2 - This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine household food security status and sociodemographic factors influencing it and to examine whether food insecurity of household is a risk factor for underweight, stunting, and thinness in primary school children of Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. A sample of 610 students aged 7-11 years was selected by a multistage cluster random sampling method during December 2013-May 2014. Using U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Security questionnaire, 42.3% of households showed some degree of food insecurity. Food insecurity was positively associated with household size (p = .002) and number of children per household (p = .001) and negatively associated with mother's and father's education level (p = .005 and p = .042, respectively), father's occupation status, and household income (p < .0001). Children living in food insecure with severe hunger households were 10.13, 10.07, and 4.54 times as likely to be underweight, stunted, and thin, respectively, as counterparts from food secure households. The findings showed food insecurity was prevalent and associated with sociodemographic factors among households with schoolchildren in southeastern Iran. Nutritional status of children was also associated with food security status of their households. SN - 1543-5237 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27494152/Household_Food_Insecurity_Is_Associated_with_Nutritional_Status_among_Iranian_Children_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03670244.2016.1212710 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -