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The Relationship between Metabolically Obese Non-Obese Weight and Stroke: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0160846.Plos

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Both metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity increase the risk of stroke. However, few studies have compared the risks of stroke associated with metabolically obese non-obese weight (MONW) and metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). This study aimed to compare the prevalence of stroke in MONW and MHO individuals.

METHODS

A total of 25,744 subjects aged ≥40 years were selected from the 2007-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. MetS was defined using 2001 National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III and 2005 American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute criteria. Non-obese weight and obesity were defined as a body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2 and ≥25 kg/m2, respectively. MONW was defined as meeting the MetS criteria with a BMI <25 kg/m2 and MHO was defined as not meeting the MetS criteria with a BMI ≥25 kg/m2.

RESULTS

Women with MONW had a higher prevalence of stroke than those with MHO (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.45-3.57). The prevalence of stroke increased as the number of MetS components increased. The ORs for MONW with 3, 4, and 5 MetS components were 1.95 (95% CI: 1.19-3.21), 2.49 (95% CI: 1.46-4.24) and 2.74 (95% CI: 1.39-5.40), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Our study findings may better emphasize the risk of stroke among more lean but unhealthy individuals, who appear healthy but may be suffering from MetS. These findings also highlight the need for stroke risk factor assessment in non-obese weight individuals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.Department of Family Medicine, Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.Department of Family Medicine, Center for Health Promotion and Optimal Aging, Health Promotion Center for Cancer survivor, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. Institute on Aging, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27494241

Citation

Seo, Young-Gyun, et al. "The Relationship Between Metabolically Obese Non-Obese Weight and Stroke: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." PloS One, vol. 11, no. 8, 2016, pp. e0160846.
Seo YG, Choi HC, Cho B. The Relationship between Metabolically Obese Non-Obese Weight and Stroke: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PLoS One. 2016;11(8):e0160846.
Seo, Y. G., Choi, H. C., & Cho, B. (2016). The Relationship between Metabolically Obese Non-Obese Weight and Stroke: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PloS One, 11(8), e0160846. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160846
Seo YG, Choi HC, Cho B. The Relationship Between Metabolically Obese Non-Obese Weight and Stroke: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PLoS One. 2016;11(8):e0160846. PubMed PMID: 27494241.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Relationship between Metabolically Obese Non-Obese Weight and Stroke: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AU - Seo,Young-Gyun, AU - Choi,Ho-Chun, AU - Cho,Belong, Y1 - 2016/08/05/ PY - 2016/03/11/received PY - 2016/07/26/accepted PY - 2016/8/6/entrez PY - 2016/8/6/pubmed PY - 2017/8/5/medline SP - e0160846 EP - e0160846 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 11 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Both metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity increase the risk of stroke. However, few studies have compared the risks of stroke associated with metabolically obese non-obese weight (MONW) and metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). This study aimed to compare the prevalence of stroke in MONW and MHO individuals. METHODS: A total of 25,744 subjects aged ≥40 years were selected from the 2007-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. MetS was defined using 2001 National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III and 2005 American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute criteria. Non-obese weight and obesity were defined as a body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2 and ≥25 kg/m2, respectively. MONW was defined as meeting the MetS criteria with a BMI <25 kg/m2 and MHO was defined as not meeting the MetS criteria with a BMI ≥25 kg/m2. RESULTS: Women with MONW had a higher prevalence of stroke than those with MHO (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.45-3.57). The prevalence of stroke increased as the number of MetS components increased. The ORs for MONW with 3, 4, and 5 MetS components were 1.95 (95% CI: 1.19-3.21), 2.49 (95% CI: 1.46-4.24) and 2.74 (95% CI: 1.39-5.40), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings may better emphasize the risk of stroke among more lean but unhealthy individuals, who appear healthy but may be suffering from MetS. These findings also highlight the need for stroke risk factor assessment in non-obese weight individuals. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27494241/The_Relationship_between_Metabolically_Obese_Non_Obese_Weight_and_Stroke:_The_Korea_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160846 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -