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Soda consumption and hospital admissions among Californian adults with asthma.
J Asthma. 2017 May; 54(4):371-375.JA

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Asthma prevalence has been increasing consistently since 1995 in California. Recent studies have found that consuming soda and sugar-containing drinks may pose a risk for asthma. Research that examines the relationship between soda intake and asthma among adult asthmatics is limited.

OBJECTIVE

This study investigated the relationship between sugar-sweetened soda consumption and asthma hospitalization among adult asthmatics in California.

METHODS

This cross-sectional study was based on the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data and included 3,784 adults who were diagnosed with asthma by a doctor and who currently reported either that they still had asthma, or that they had suffered from an asthma attack in the last 12 months. The analysis was survey weighted. The exposure variable was soda intake measured as the number of times soda was consumed in the last week. The health outcome measure was overnight hospital admission due to asthma. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between soda consumption and overnight hospital admission after adjusting for age, education, sex, race/ethnicity, weight status, smoking status, and self-rated health.

RESULTS

Adults with asthma who drank soda three or more times per week reported higher odds of overnight hospitalization (adjusted odds ratio = 2.77, 95% CI: 1.51-5.10, p = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings suggest that efforts designed to limit soda consumption would benefit asthma suffers by reducing hospital admissions. This, however, needs further research to confirm a direct causal association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a School of Social Sciences Humanities and Arts, University of California-Merced , Merced , CA , USA.a School of Social Sciences Humanities and Arts, University of California-Merced , Merced , CA , USA.a School of Social Sciences Humanities and Arts, University of California-Merced , Merced , CA , USA.b School of Engineering, University of California-Merced , Merced , CA , USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27494743

Citation

Cisneros, Ricardo, et al. "Soda Consumption and Hospital Admissions Among Californian Adults With Asthma." The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, vol. 54, no. 4, 2017, pp. 371-375.
Cisneros R, Gonzalez M, Brown P, et al. Soda consumption and hospital admissions among Californian adults with asthma. J Asthma. 2017;54(4):371-375.
Cisneros, R., Gonzalez, M., Brown, P., & Schweizer, D. (2017). Soda consumption and hospital admissions among Californian adults with asthma. The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, 54(4), 371-375. https://doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2016.1218014
Cisneros R, et al. Soda Consumption and Hospital Admissions Among Californian Adults With Asthma. J Asthma. 2017;54(4):371-375. PubMed PMID: 27494743.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Soda consumption and hospital admissions among Californian adults with asthma. AU - Cisneros,Ricardo, AU - Gonzalez,Mariaelena, AU - Brown,Paul, AU - Schweizer,Don, Y1 - 2016/08/05/ PY - 2016/8/6/pubmed PY - 2017/7/25/medline PY - 2016/8/6/entrez KW - Adult asthmatics KW - California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) KW - asthma KW - hospital admission KW - soda SP - 371 EP - 375 JF - The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma JO - J Asthma VL - 54 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Asthma prevalence has been increasing consistently since 1995 in California. Recent studies have found that consuming soda and sugar-containing drinks may pose a risk for asthma. Research that examines the relationship between soda intake and asthma among adult asthmatics is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between sugar-sweetened soda consumption and asthma hospitalization among adult asthmatics in California. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data and included 3,784 adults who were diagnosed with asthma by a doctor and who currently reported either that they still had asthma, or that they had suffered from an asthma attack in the last 12 months. The analysis was survey weighted. The exposure variable was soda intake measured as the number of times soda was consumed in the last week. The health outcome measure was overnight hospital admission due to asthma. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between soda consumption and overnight hospital admission after adjusting for age, education, sex, race/ethnicity, weight status, smoking status, and self-rated health. RESULTS: Adults with asthma who drank soda three or more times per week reported higher odds of overnight hospitalization (adjusted odds ratio = 2.77, 95% CI: 1.51-5.10, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that efforts designed to limit soda consumption would benefit asthma suffers by reducing hospital admissions. This, however, needs further research to confirm a direct causal association. SN - 1532-4303 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27494743/Soda_consumption_and_hospital_admissions_among_Californian_adults_with_asthma_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02770903.2016.1218014 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -