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[Acne in Cameroon: Quality of life and psychiatric comorbidities].
Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2016 Oct; 143(10):601-606.AD

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

The impact of acne upon quality of life (QOL) among affected patients had not previously been investigated in Cameroon. The present study therefore sought to assess the QOL of patients with acne and related psychiatric comorbidities in this country.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study conducted in three hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon. We included patients diagnosed with acne after a consultation with a dermatologist, and who consented to participate in the study. The ECLA scale was used for the clinical evaluation of acne and the CADI score was used to assess QOL. PHQ-9 and GAD-7 questionnaires were used for the respective screening of depression and anxiety.

RESULTS

We enrolled 181 patients aged between 13 and 56years. According to the ECLA table, the acne global severity score ranged from 3 to 26 points. Impairment was observed in all patients' QOL, which ranged from 1 to 15 points. We noted 11 cases of depression (6.1%) and 14 cases of anxiety (7.7%). There was a positive and significant correlation between the severity of acne and impairment of patients' QOL (r=0.46; P<0.001). Likewise, the severity of acne and of depression and anxiety scores were positively and significantly correlated with one other: r=0.347 (P<0.001) and r=0.291 (P<0.001), respectively.

CONCLUSION

Acne negatively impacts the QOL of patients presenting acne in Cameroon and is associated with depression and anxiety, which must therefore be taken into account when treating these patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre hospitalier universitaire (CHU), Yaoundé, Cameroun; Hôpital de District de Biyem-Assi, Yaoundé, Cameroun; Faculté de médecine et des sciences biomédicales, université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun. Electronic address: kouotoea@yahoo.fr.Centre national hospitalier universitaire (CNHU), Cotonou, Bénin.Centre hospitalier universitaire (CHU), Yaoundé, Cameroun; Faculté de médecine et des sciences biomédicales, université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun.School of public health, university of Montréal, Montréal, Canada.Faculté de médecine et des sciences biomédicales, université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun.Faculté de médecine et des sciences biomédicales, université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun.Faculté de médecine et des sciences biomédicales, université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroun.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

fre

PubMed ID

27498285

Citation

Kouotou, E A., et al. "[Acne in Cameroon: Quality of Life and Psychiatric Comorbidities]." Annales De Dermatologie Et De Venereologie, vol. 143, no. 10, 2016, pp. 601-606.
Kouotou EA, Adegbidi H, Bene Belembe R, et al. [Acne in Cameroon: Quality of life and psychiatric comorbidities]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2016;143(10):601-606.
Kouotou, E. A., Adegbidi, H., Bene Belembe, R., Sieleunou, I., Nansseu, J. R., Kamga, J. P., & Ndjitoyap Ndam, E. C. (2016). [Acne in Cameroon: Quality of life and psychiatric comorbidities]. Annales De Dermatologie Et De Venereologie, 143(10), 601-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annder.2016.05.011
Kouotou EA, et al. [Acne in Cameroon: Quality of Life and Psychiatric Comorbidities]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2016;143(10):601-606. PubMed PMID: 27498285.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Acne in Cameroon: Quality of life and psychiatric comorbidities]. AU - Kouotou,E A, AU - Adegbidi,H, AU - Bene Belembe,R, AU - Sieleunou,I, AU - Nansseu,J R, AU - Kamga,J-P, AU - Ndjitoyap Ndam,E C, Y1 - 2016/08/03/ PY - 2015/09/29/received PY - 2016/03/10/revised PY - 2016/05/19/accepted PY - 2016/8/9/pubmed PY - 2017/4/8/medline PY - 2016/8/8/entrez KW - Acne KW - Acné KW - Anxiety KW - Anxiété KW - Cameroon KW - Cameroun KW - Depression KW - Dépression KW - Quality of life KW - Qualité de vie SP - 601 EP - 606 JF - Annales de dermatologie et de venereologie JO - Ann Dermatol Venereol VL - 143 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impact of acne upon quality of life (QOL) among affected patients had not previously been investigated in Cameroon. The present study therefore sought to assess the QOL of patients with acne and related psychiatric comorbidities in this country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in three hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon. We included patients diagnosed with acne after a consultation with a dermatologist, and who consented to participate in the study. The ECLA scale was used for the clinical evaluation of acne and the CADI score was used to assess QOL. PHQ-9 and GAD-7 questionnaires were used for the respective screening of depression and anxiety. RESULTS: We enrolled 181 patients aged between 13 and 56years. According to the ECLA table, the acne global severity score ranged from 3 to 26 points. Impairment was observed in all patients' QOL, which ranged from 1 to 15 points. We noted 11 cases of depression (6.1%) and 14 cases of anxiety (7.7%). There was a positive and significant correlation between the severity of acne and impairment of patients' QOL (r=0.46; P<0.001). Likewise, the severity of acne and of depression and anxiety scores were positively and significantly correlated with one other: r=0.347 (P<0.001) and r=0.291 (P<0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: Acne negatively impacts the QOL of patients presenting acne in Cameroon and is associated with depression and anxiety, which must therefore be taken into account when treating these patients. SN - 0151-9638 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27498285/[Acne_in_Cameroon:_Quality_of_life_and_psychiatric_comorbidities]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0151-9638(16)30327-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -