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Epidemiology and risk factors of uninvestigated dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease among students of Damascus University, Syria.
J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2016 12; 6(4):285-293.JE

Abstract

Uninvestigated dyspepsia (UD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are common disorders universally. Many studies have assessed their epidemiological characteristics around the world. However, such information is not known for Syria. We aim to estimate the epidemiologic characteristics and possible risk factors for UD, IBS, and GERD among students at Damascus University, Damascus, Syria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in July-September 2015 at a campus of Damascus University. A total of 320 students were randomly asked to complete the survey. We used ROME III criteria to define UD and IBS, and Montreal definition for GERD. In total, 302 valid participants were included in the analysis. Prevalence for UD, IBS, and GERD was 25%, 17%, and 16%, respectively. Symptom overlap was present in 46 students (15%), with UD+IBS in 28 (9.3%), UD+GERD in 26 (8.6%), and IBS+GERD in 14 (4.6%) students. Eleven (3.6%) students had symptoms of UD+IBS+GERD. Each of these overlaps occurred more frequently than expected by chance. Significant risk factors included cigarettes smoking, waterpipe consumption, and body mass index <18.5kg/m2 for UD; female gender and three cups of coffee/d for IBS; and two cups of tea and one to five cigarettes/d for GERD. Risk factors for these disorders remain poorly characterized and need further investigations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Mazzeh Street, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic. Electronic address: tareq145@gmail.com.University of Kentucky, Internal Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Mazzeh Street, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic.Faculty of Medicine, Damascus University, Mazzeh Street, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27501053

Citation

Al Saadi, Tareq, et al. "Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Uninvestigated Dyspepsia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Among Students of Damascus University, Syria." Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, vol. 6, no. 4, 2016, pp. 285-293.
Al Saadi T, Idris A, Turk T, et al. Epidemiology and risk factors of uninvestigated dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease among students of Damascus University, Syria. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2016;6(4):285-293.
Al Saadi, T., Idris, A., Turk, T., & Alkhatib, M. (2016). Epidemiology and risk factors of uninvestigated dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease among students of Damascus University, Syria. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 6(4), 285-293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.07.001
Al Saadi T, et al. Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Uninvestigated Dyspepsia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Among Students of Damascus University, Syria. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2016;6(4):285-293. PubMed PMID: 27501053.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology and risk factors of uninvestigated dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease among students of Damascus University, Syria. AU - Al Saadi,Tareq, AU - Idris,Amr, AU - Turk,Tarek, AU - Alkhatib,Mahmoud, Y1 - 2016/08/05/ PY - 2015/09/05/received PY - 2016/07/11/revised PY - 2016/07/16/accepted PY - 2016/8/9/pubmed PY - 2018/1/3/medline PY - 2016/8/9/entrez KW - Epidemiology KW - Gastroesophageal reflux disease KW - Irritable bowel syndrome KW - Risk factors KW - Syria KW - Uninvestigated dyspepsia SP - 285 EP - 293 JF - Journal of epidemiology and global health JO - J Epidemiol Glob Health VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - Uninvestigated dyspepsia (UD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are common disorders universally. Many studies have assessed their epidemiological characteristics around the world. However, such information is not known for Syria. We aim to estimate the epidemiologic characteristics and possible risk factors for UD, IBS, and GERD among students at Damascus University, Damascus, Syria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in July-September 2015 at a campus of Damascus University. A total of 320 students were randomly asked to complete the survey. We used ROME III criteria to define UD and IBS, and Montreal definition for GERD. In total, 302 valid participants were included in the analysis. Prevalence for UD, IBS, and GERD was 25%, 17%, and 16%, respectively. Symptom overlap was present in 46 students (15%), with UD+IBS in 28 (9.3%), UD+GERD in 26 (8.6%), and IBS+GERD in 14 (4.6%) students. Eleven (3.6%) students had symptoms of UD+IBS+GERD. Each of these overlaps occurred more frequently than expected by chance. Significant risk factors included cigarettes smoking, waterpipe consumption, and body mass index <18.5kg/m2 for UD; female gender and three cups of coffee/d for IBS; and two cups of tea and one to five cigarettes/d for GERD. Risk factors for these disorders remain poorly characterized and need further investigations. SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27501053/Epidemiology_and_risk_factors_of_uninvestigated_dyspepsia_irritable_bowel_syndrome_and_gastroesophageal_reflux_disease_among_students_of_Damascus_University_Syria_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2210-6006(15)30051-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -