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Efficacy of rehabilitation with Tai Ji Quan in an Italian cohort of patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome.
Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Aug; 24:109-15.CT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, muscle tenderness leading to disability, impaired quality of life (QoL), fatigue and it is accompanied by sleep disorders and psychological distress. Mind body therapies (MBT), such as Tai Ji Quan (TJQ), use different techniques to facilitate the ability of the mind to influence disease characteristics and symptoms. Some studies showed that TJQ, in patients with rheumatic diseases, particularly FMS, improved QoL, disability and psychological distress.

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the efficacy of TJQ on disability, QoL, fatigue, sleep and psychological distress in an Italian cohort of FMS patients.

METHODS

We enrolled 44 FMS patients: 22 patients (Experimental Group) participated to a course of Tai Ji Quan style of (2/week for 16 weeks); 22 patients (Control Group) participated to an educational course about FMS (2/week for 16 weeks). At baseline (T0) and at the end of treatment (T1), patients were assessed for disability [Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)], Quality of Life [Short-Form 36 (SF36)], fatigue [Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue (FACIT-F)], pain [Widespread Pain Index (WPI)], tenderness [Tender Points (TP)], Sleep Quality [Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)] and mood disorders [Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)].

RESULTS

At T1 versus T0, patients of the Experimental Group showed a significant improvement in FIQ, FACIT, SF36 (Summary Physical Index, Physical activity, physical role, bodily pain, general health, vitality, emotional role limitations), in WPI, TP, PSQI (total, sleep duration, and sleep disturbance) and HADS (total score and anxiety subscale), while Patients in the Control Group did not improve in any parameter.

CONCLUSIONS

In FMS patients TJQ, if performed by an expert physiotherapist, should be regarded as an effective rehabilitation method.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence, Viale Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: susanna.maddalibongi@gmail.com.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence, Viale Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: gianlucapaoletti@hotmail.com.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence, Viale Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: micha.wip@libero.it.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence, Viale Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: angela.delrosso@fastwebnet.it.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence, Viale Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: khadija.ela92@gmail.com.Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Florence, Viale Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: svetlana.mkh@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27502810

Citation

Maddali Bongi, Susanna, et al. "Efficacy of Rehabilitation With Tai Ji Quan in an Italian Cohort of Patients With Fibromyalgia Syndrome." Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol. 24, 2016, pp. 109-15.
Maddali Bongi S, Paoletti G, Calà M, et al. Efficacy of rehabilitation with Tai Ji Quan in an Italian cohort of patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016;24:109-15.
Maddali Bongi, S., Paoletti, G., Calà, M., Del Rosso, A., El Aoufy, K., & Mikhaylova, S. (2016). Efficacy of rehabilitation with Tai Ji Quan in an Italian cohort of patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 24, 109-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.05.010
Maddali Bongi S, et al. Efficacy of Rehabilitation With Tai Ji Quan in an Italian Cohort of Patients With Fibromyalgia Syndrome. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016;24:109-15. PubMed PMID: 27502810.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficacy of rehabilitation with Tai Ji Quan in an Italian cohort of patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome. AU - Maddali Bongi,Susanna, AU - Paoletti,Gianluca, AU - Calà,Michael, AU - Del Rosso,Angela, AU - El Aoufy,Khadija, AU - Mikhaylova,Svetlana, Y1 - 2016/05/27/ PY - 2016/04/11/received PY - 2016/05/20/revised PY - 2016/05/20/accepted PY - 2016/8/10/entrez PY - 2016/8/10/pubmed PY - 2017/1/31/medline KW - FMS KW - Fibromyalgia Syndrome KW - Mind body therapies KW - Tai Ji Quan SP - 109 EP - 15 JF - Complementary therapies in clinical practice JO - Complement Ther Clin Pract VL - 24 N2 - BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, muscle tenderness leading to disability, impaired quality of life (QoL), fatigue and it is accompanied by sleep disorders and psychological distress. Mind body therapies (MBT), such as Tai Ji Quan (TJQ), use different techniques to facilitate the ability of the mind to influence disease characteristics and symptoms. Some studies showed that TJQ, in patients with rheumatic diseases, particularly FMS, improved QoL, disability and psychological distress. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of TJQ on disability, QoL, fatigue, sleep and psychological distress in an Italian cohort of FMS patients. METHODS: We enrolled 44 FMS patients: 22 patients (Experimental Group) participated to a course of Tai Ji Quan style of (2/week for 16 weeks); 22 patients (Control Group) participated to an educational course about FMS (2/week for 16 weeks). At baseline (T0) and at the end of treatment (T1), patients were assessed for disability [Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)], Quality of Life [Short-Form 36 (SF36)], fatigue [Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue (FACIT-F)], pain [Widespread Pain Index (WPI)], tenderness [Tender Points (TP)], Sleep Quality [Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)] and mood disorders [Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)]. RESULTS: At T1 versus T0, patients of the Experimental Group showed a significant improvement in FIQ, FACIT, SF36 (Summary Physical Index, Physical activity, physical role, bodily pain, general health, vitality, emotional role limitations), in WPI, TP, PSQI (total, sleep duration, and sleep disturbance) and HADS (total score and anxiety subscale), while Patients in the Control Group did not improve in any parameter. CONCLUSIONS: In FMS patients TJQ, if performed by an expert physiotherapist, should be regarded as an effective rehabilitation method. SN - 1873-6947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27502810/Efficacy_of_rehabilitation_with_Tai_Ji_Quan_in_an_Italian_cohort_of_patients_with_Fibromyalgia_Syndrome_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1744-3881(16)30042-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -