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Fruits and vegetables are incorporated into home cuisine in different ways that are relevant to promoting increased consumption.

Abstract

Fruits and vegetables are essential for healthy life. We examined the fruits and vegetables consumption by 240 caregivers and their children aged 1-17 years in peri-urban Lima, and the ways that they were incorporated into local cuisine. A randomized cross-sectional household survey collected information on the weight of all foods eaten the previous day (24 h) including fruits and vegetables, their preparation and serving sizes. Fruit and vegetable consumption was low and very variable: fruit intake was mean 185.2 ± 171.5 g day-1 , median 138 g day-1 for caregivers and 203.6 ± 190.6 g day-1 and 159 g day-1 for children, vegetable intake was mean 116.9 ± 94.0 g day-1 median 92 g day-1 for caregivers, mean 89.3 ± 84.7 g day-1 median 60 g day-1 for children. Only 23.8% of children and 26.2% of caregivers met the recommended ≥400 g of fruit or vegetable/day. Vegetables were mainly eaten either as ingredients of the main course recipe, eaten by about 80% of caregivers and children, or as salads eaten by 47% of caregivers and 42% of children. Fruits were most commonly eaten as whole fresh fruits eaten by 68% of caregivers and 75% of children. In multivariate analysis of the extent to which different presentations contributed to daily fruit and vegetable consumption, main courses contributed most to determining vegetable intake for caregivers, and for children, main course and salads had similar contributions. For fruit intake, the amount eaten as whole fruit determined total fruit and total fruit plus vegetable intake for both caregivers and children. Local cuisine should be considered in interventions to promote fruit and vegetable consumption. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima, Peru.

    ,

    Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima, Peru.

    ,

    Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima, Peru.

    ,

    Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima, Peru.

    World Agroforestry Centre, Lima, Peru.

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Family Characteristics
    Female
    Fruit
    Humans
    Infant
    Male
    Mental Recall
    Nutrition Surveys
    Peru
    Recommended Dietary Allowances
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    27507536

    Citation

    Penny, Mary E., et al. "Fruits and Vegetables Are Incorporated Into Home Cuisine in Different Ways That Are Relevant to Promoting Increased Consumption." Maternal & Child Nutrition, vol. 13, no. 3, 2017.
    Penny ME, Meza KS, Creed-Kanashiro HM, et al. Fruits and vegetables are incorporated into home cuisine in different ways that are relevant to promoting increased consumption. Matern Child Nutr. 2017;13(3).
    Penny, M. E., Meza, K. S., Creed-Kanashiro, H. M., Marin, R. M., & Donovan, J. (2017). Fruits and vegetables are incorporated into home cuisine in different ways that are relevant to promoting increased consumption. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 13(3), doi:10.1111/mcn.12356.
    Penny ME, et al. Fruits and Vegetables Are Incorporated Into Home Cuisine in Different Ways That Are Relevant to Promoting Increased Consumption. Matern Child Nutr. 2017;13(3) PubMed PMID: 27507536.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fruits and vegetables are incorporated into home cuisine in different ways that are relevant to promoting increased consumption. AU - Penny,Mary E, AU - Meza,Krysty S, AU - Creed-Kanashiro,Hilary M, AU - Marin,R Margot, AU - Donovan,Jason, Y1 - 2016/08/10/ PY - 2015/09/11/received PY - 2016/06/08/revised PY - 2016/06/10/accepted PY - 2016/8/11/pubmed PY - 2018/4/25/medline PY - 2016/8/11/entrez KW - child public health KW - community-based KW - cultural context KW - dietary intake assessment KW - food consumption KW - food-based dietary guidelines JF - Maternal & child nutrition JO - Matern Child Nutr VL - 13 IS - 3 N2 - Fruits and vegetables are essential for healthy life. We examined the fruits and vegetables consumption by 240 caregivers and their children aged 1-17 years in peri-urban Lima, and the ways that they were incorporated into local cuisine. A randomized cross-sectional household survey collected information on the weight of all foods eaten the previous day (24 h) including fruits and vegetables, their preparation and serving sizes. Fruit and vegetable consumption was low and very variable: fruit intake was mean 185.2 ± 171.5 g day-1 , median 138 g day-1 for caregivers and 203.6 ± 190.6 g day-1 and 159 g day-1 for children, vegetable intake was mean 116.9 ± 94.0 g day-1 median 92 g day-1 for caregivers, mean 89.3 ± 84.7 g day-1 median 60 g day-1 for children. Only 23.8% of children and 26.2% of caregivers met the recommended ≥400 g of fruit or vegetable/day. Vegetables were mainly eaten either as ingredients of the main course recipe, eaten by about 80% of caregivers and children, or as salads eaten by 47% of caregivers and 42% of children. Fruits were most commonly eaten as whole fresh fruits eaten by 68% of caregivers and 75% of children. In multivariate analysis of the extent to which different presentations contributed to daily fruit and vegetable consumption, main courses contributed most to determining vegetable intake for caregivers, and for children, main course and salads had similar contributions. For fruit intake, the amount eaten as whole fruit determined total fruit and total fruit plus vegetable intake for both caregivers and children. Local cuisine should be considered in interventions to promote fruit and vegetable consumption. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. SN - 1740-8709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27507536/Fruits_and_vegetables_are_incorporated_into_home_cuisine_in_different_ways_that_are_relevant_to_promoting_increased_consumption_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12356 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -