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Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated with the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place.
J Nutr. 2016 09; 146(9):1907S-15S.JN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The prevalence of obesity and the intake of discretionary foods [high saturated fat and/or added sugar (HSFAS) products and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)] are high in Mexico. It is important to understand whether the intakes of HSFAS products and SSBs are associated with the context in which they are consumed.

OBJECTIVE

Our aim was to estimate the associations between total energy and discretionary food (HSFAS products and SSBs) intakes and the context of eating (mealtime, activity, and place).

METHODS

We used data from 10,087 participants aged ≥1 y from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Dietary intake was estimated through a 24-h dietary recall that included questions on mealtime, activity, and place in which each food item was consumed. The associations between energy and discretionary food intakes and the context of eating were estimated by using multiple linear regression stratified by age group and adjusted for sociodemographic variables.

RESULTS

Compared with breakfast, the percentage of energy that HSFAS products contributed was 16-29 (range in all age groups) percentage points higher during midafternoon snacks and 16-23 percentage points lower at lunch and almuerzo (Mexican brunch); the percentage of energy from SSBs was 3.4-7.6 percentage points higher during midmorning snacks (P < 0.05). In many age groups and mealtimes, we found that compared with eating only while seated, the percentage of energy as HSFAS was 5.3-14 percentage points higher when watching television (P < 0.05). Compared with eating at home, the percentage of energy from HSFAS was 12-26 percentage points higher on the street and the percentage of energy from SSBs was 3.4-6.0 percentage points higher at school and 2.9-15 percentage points higher at work (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

These results highlight the need to promote healthier food selection among the Mexican population when snacking and watching television and healthier food environments at work, school, and on the street.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Council for Science and Technology - Center for Nutrition and Health Research.Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico.National Council for Science and Technology - Center for Nutrition and Health Research.Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico jrivera@insp.mx.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27511934

Citation

Batis, Carolina, et al. "Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated With the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 146, no. 9, 2016, 1907S-15S.
Batis C, Rodríguez-Ramírez S, Ariza AC, et al. Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated with the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place. J Nutr. 2016;146(9):1907S-15S.
Batis, C., Rodríguez-Ramírez, S., Ariza, A. C., & Rivera, J. A. (2016). Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated with the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place. The Journal of Nutrition, 146(9), 1907S-15S. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.115.219857
Batis C, et al. Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated With the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place. J Nutr. 2016;146(9):1907S-15S. PubMed PMID: 27511934.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intakes of Energy and Discretionary Food in Mexico Are Associated with the Context of Eating: Mealtime, Activity, and Place. AU - Batis,Carolina, AU - Rodríguez-Ramírez,Sonia, AU - Ariza,Ana Carolina, AU - Rivera,Juan A, Y1 - 2016/08/10/ PY - 2015/06/30/received PY - 2016/02/16/accepted PY - 2016/8/12/entrez PY - 2016/8/12/pubmed PY - 2017/6/28/medline KW - TV watching KW - adults KW - away-from-home eating KW - breakfast KW - children KW - discretionary foods KW - mealtime KW - snacks SP - 1907S EP - 15S JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J. Nutr. VL - 146 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity and the intake of discretionary foods [high saturated fat and/or added sugar (HSFAS) products and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)] are high in Mexico. It is important to understand whether the intakes of HSFAS products and SSBs are associated with the context in which they are consumed. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the associations between total energy and discretionary food (HSFAS products and SSBs) intakes and the context of eating (mealtime, activity, and place). METHODS: We used data from 10,087 participants aged ≥1 y from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Dietary intake was estimated through a 24-h dietary recall that included questions on mealtime, activity, and place in which each food item was consumed. The associations between energy and discretionary food intakes and the context of eating were estimated by using multiple linear regression stratified by age group and adjusted for sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: Compared with breakfast, the percentage of energy that HSFAS products contributed was 16-29 (range in all age groups) percentage points higher during midafternoon snacks and 16-23 percentage points lower at lunch and almuerzo (Mexican brunch); the percentage of energy from SSBs was 3.4-7.6 percentage points higher during midmorning snacks (P < 0.05). In many age groups and mealtimes, we found that compared with eating only while seated, the percentage of energy as HSFAS was 5.3-14 percentage points higher when watching television (P < 0.05). Compared with eating at home, the percentage of energy from HSFAS was 12-26 percentage points higher on the street and the percentage of energy from SSBs was 3.4-6.0 percentage points higher at school and 2.9-15 percentage points higher at work (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the need to promote healthier food selection among the Mexican population when snacking and watching television and healthier food environments at work, school, and on the street. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27511934/Intakes_of_Energy_and_Discretionary_Food_in_Mexico_Are_Associated_with_the_Context_of_Eating:_Mealtime_Activity_and_Place_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/jn.115.219857 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -