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Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice on the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children.
Nutrients. 2016 Aug 10; 8(8)N

Abstract

Recent data on breakfast consumption among Australian children are limited. This study examined the impact of breakfast skipping and breakfast type (cereal or non-cereal) on nutrient intakes, likelihood of meeting nutrient targets and anthropometric measures. A secondary analysis of two 24-h recall data from the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey was conducted (2-16 years; n = 4487) to identify (a) breakfast skippers and (b) breakfast consumers, with breakfast consumers further sub-divided into (i) non-cereal and (ii) cereal consumers. Only 4% skipped breakfast and 59% of skippers were 14-16 years. Breakfast consumers had significantly higher intakes of calcium and folate, and significantly lower intakes of total fat than breakfast skippers. Cereal consumers were more likely to meet targets and consume significantly higher fibre, calcium, iron, had significantly higher intakes of folate, total sugars and carbohydrate, and significantly lower intakes of total fat and sodium than non-cereal consumers. The prevalence of overweight was lower among breakfast consumers compared to skippers, and among cereal consumers compared to-cereal consumers (p < 0.001), while no significant differences were observed for mean body mass index (BMI), BMI z-score, waist circumference and physical activity level across the categories. Breakfast and particularly breakfast cereal consumption contributes important nutrients to children's diets.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13 167 Macquarie Street, Sydney 2000, NSW, Australia. flavia@nraus.com.Nestlé Australia, 1 Homebush Bay Drive, Rhodes 2138, NSW, Australia. jean.kim@au.nestle.com.Cereal Partners Worldwide, Chemin du Viaduc 1, Prilly 1008, Vaud, Switzerland. nilani.sritharan@nestle.com.Department of Statistics, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, NSW, Australia. peter.petocz@mq.edu.au.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27517957

Citation

Fayet-Moore, Flavia, et al. "Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice On the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children." Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 8, 2016.
Fayet-Moore F, Kim J, Sritharan N, et al. Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice on the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children. Nutrients. 2016;8(8).
Fayet-Moore, F., Kim, J., Sritharan, N., & Petocz, P. (2016). Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice on the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children. Nutrients, 8(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080487
Fayet-Moore F, et al. Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice On the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children. Nutrients. 2016 Aug 10;8(8) PubMed PMID: 27517957.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of Breakfast Skipping and Breakfast Choice on the Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Australian Children. AU - Fayet-Moore,Flavia, AU - Kim,Jean, AU - Sritharan,Nilani, AU - Petocz,Peter, Y1 - 2016/08/10/ PY - 2016/06/14/received PY - 2016/08/04/revised PY - 2016/08/04/accepted PY - 2016/8/13/entrez PY - 2016/8/16/pubmed PY - 2017/3/16/medline KW - BMI KW - National Nutrition Survey KW - breakfast KW - cereal KW - children KW - fibre KW - folate KW - micronutrient KW - nutrient KW - overweight JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 8 IS - 8 N2 - Recent data on breakfast consumption among Australian children are limited. This study examined the impact of breakfast skipping and breakfast type (cereal or non-cereal) on nutrient intakes, likelihood of meeting nutrient targets and anthropometric measures. A secondary analysis of two 24-h recall data from the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey was conducted (2-16 years; n = 4487) to identify (a) breakfast skippers and (b) breakfast consumers, with breakfast consumers further sub-divided into (i) non-cereal and (ii) cereal consumers. Only 4% skipped breakfast and 59% of skippers were 14-16 years. Breakfast consumers had significantly higher intakes of calcium and folate, and significantly lower intakes of total fat than breakfast skippers. Cereal consumers were more likely to meet targets and consume significantly higher fibre, calcium, iron, had significantly higher intakes of folate, total sugars and carbohydrate, and significantly lower intakes of total fat and sodium than non-cereal consumers. The prevalence of overweight was lower among breakfast consumers compared to skippers, and among cereal consumers compared to-cereal consumers (p < 0.001), while no significant differences were observed for mean body mass index (BMI), BMI z-score, waist circumference and physical activity level across the categories. Breakfast and particularly breakfast cereal consumption contributes important nutrients to children's diets. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27517957/Impact_of_Breakfast_Skipping_and_Breakfast_Choice_on_the_Nutrient_Intake_and_Body_Mass_Index_of_Australian_Children_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu8080487 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -