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Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children.
Nutrients 2016; 8(8)N

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the intake and food sources of potassium and the molar sodium:potassium (Na:K) ratio in a sample of Australian pre-school children. Mothers provided dietary recalls of their 3.5 years old children (previous participants of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial). The average daily potassium intake, the contribution of food groups to daily potassium intake, the Na:K ratio, and daily serves of fruit, dairy, and vegetables, were assessed via three unscheduled 24 h dietary recalls. The sample included 251 Australian children (125 male), mean age 3.5 (0.19) (SD) years. Mean potassium intake was 1618 (267) mg/day, the Na:K ratio was 1.47 (0.5) and 54% of children did not meet the Australian recommended adequate intake (AI) of 2000 mg/day for potassium. Main food sources of potassium were milk (27%), fruit (19%), and vegetable (14%) products/dishes. Food groups with the highest Na:K ratio were processed meats (7.8), white bread/rolls (6.0), and savoury sauces and condiments (5.4). Children had a mean intake of 1.4 (0.75) serves of fruit, 1.4 (0.72) dairy, and 0.52 (0.32) serves of vegetables per day. The majority of children had potassium intakes below the recommended AI. The Na:K ratio exceeded the recommended level of 1 and the average intake of vegetables was 2 serves/day below the recommended 2.5 serves/day and only 20% of recommended intake. An increase in vegetable consumption in pre-school children is recommended to increase dietary potassium and has the potential to decrease the Na:K ratio which is likely to have long-term health benefits.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, VIC, Australia. s.ohalloran@deakin.edu.au.Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, VIC, Australia. carley.grimes@deakin.edu.au.Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, VIC, Australia. katie.lacy@deakin.edu.au.Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, VIC, Australia. karen.campbell@deakin.edu.au.Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, VIC, Australia. caryl.nowson@deakin.edu.au.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27529278

Citation

O'Halloran, Siobhan A., et al. "Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children." Nutrients, vol. 8, no. 8, 2016.
O'Halloran SA, Grimes CA, Lacy KE, et al. Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children. Nutrients. 2016;8(8).
O'Halloran, S. A., Grimes, C. A., Lacy, K. E., Campbell, K. J., & Nowson, C. A. (2016). Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children. Nutrients, 8(8), doi:10.3390/nu8080496.
O'Halloran SA, et al. Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children. Nutrients. 2016 Aug 13;8(8) PubMed PMID: 27529278.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Intake and Sources of Potassium and the Relationship to Dietary Sodium in a Sample of Australian Pre-School Children. AU - O'Halloran,Siobhan A, AU - Grimes,Carley A, AU - Lacy,Kathleen E, AU - Campbell,Karen J, AU - Nowson,Caryl A, Y1 - 2016/08/13/ PY - 2016/06/05/received PY - 2016/08/09/revised PY - 2016/08/09/accepted PY - 2016/8/17/entrez PY - 2016/8/17/pubmed PY - 2017/3/16/medline KW - Australia KW - children KW - diet KW - dietary potassium KW - dietary sodium KW - food sources KW - salt KW - sodium:potassium ratio JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 8 IS - 8 N2 - The aim of this study was to determine the intake and food sources of potassium and the molar sodium:potassium (Na:K) ratio in a sample of Australian pre-school children. Mothers provided dietary recalls of their 3.5 years old children (previous participants of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial). The average daily potassium intake, the contribution of food groups to daily potassium intake, the Na:K ratio, and daily serves of fruit, dairy, and vegetables, were assessed via three unscheduled 24 h dietary recalls. The sample included 251 Australian children (125 male), mean age 3.5 (0.19) (SD) years. Mean potassium intake was 1618 (267) mg/day, the Na:K ratio was 1.47 (0.5) and 54% of children did not meet the Australian recommended adequate intake (AI) of 2000 mg/day for potassium. Main food sources of potassium were milk (27%), fruit (19%), and vegetable (14%) products/dishes. Food groups with the highest Na:K ratio were processed meats (7.8), white bread/rolls (6.0), and savoury sauces and condiments (5.4). Children had a mean intake of 1.4 (0.75) serves of fruit, 1.4 (0.72) dairy, and 0.52 (0.32) serves of vegetables per day. The majority of children had potassium intakes below the recommended AI. The Na:K ratio exceeded the recommended level of 1 and the average intake of vegetables was 2 serves/day below the recommended 2.5 serves/day and only 20% of recommended intake. An increase in vegetable consumption in pre-school children is recommended to increase dietary potassium and has the potential to decrease the Na:K ratio which is likely to have long-term health benefits. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27529278/Dietary_Intake_and_Sources_of_Potassium_and_the_Relationship_to_Dietary_Sodium_in_a_Sample_of_Australian_Pre_School_Children_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu8080496 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -