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Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico.
J Immigr Minor Health 2017; 19(2):494-498JI

Abstract

Puerto Ricans are burdened by nutrition-related diseases, with greater disease prevalence among Puerto Ricans residing in the continental U.S. compared to those in Puerto Rico (PR). However, little is known about diet quality of these two groups. To compare diet quality of Puerto Ricans in Massachusetts (MA) and PR. Puerto Rican patients from health centers in MA (n = 42) and PR (n = 52) completed a food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed with the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). Analysis included Mann-Whitney, Chi square and logistic and quantile regressions. 57.1 % of participants in MA and 19.6 % in PR had a poor diet. Adjusting for age and education, participants in MA were more likely to have a poor diet (OR 3.4; p = 0.02) and lower HEI scores than participants in PR. Diet quality among Puerto Ricans is poor, and is worse among mainland Puerto Ricans compared to islanders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Program, Graduate School of Public Health, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR, 00936-5067, USA.Nutrition Program, Graduate School of Public Health, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR, 00936-5067, USA.Psychology Program, Ponce Health Sciences University, PO Box 7004, Ponce, PR, 00732, USA.Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA.Nutrition Program, Graduate School of Public Health, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR, 00936-5067, USA.Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA. Milagros.Rosal@umassmed.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

27534857

Citation

Lopez-Cepero, Andrea, et al. "Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico." Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 19, no. 2, 2017, pp. 494-498.
Lopez-Cepero A, Valencia A, Jimenez J, et al. Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico. J Immigr Minor Health. 2017;19(2):494-498.
Lopez-Cepero, A., Valencia, A., Jimenez, J., Lemon, S. C., Palacios, C., & Rosal, M. C. (2017). Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 19(2), pp. 494-498. doi:10.1007/s10903-016-0480-5.
Lopez-Cepero A, et al. Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico. J Immigr Minor Health. 2017;19(2):494-498. PubMed PMID: 27534857.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of Dietary Quality Among Puerto Ricans Living in Massachusetts and Puerto Rico. AU - Lopez-Cepero,Andrea, AU - Valencia,Alexandra, AU - Jimenez,Julio, AU - Lemon,Stephenie C, AU - Palacios,Cristina, AU - Rosal,Milagros C, PY - 2016/8/19/pubmed PY - 2018/1/6/medline PY - 2016/8/19/entrez KW - Diet quality KW - Healthy Eating Index KW - Latino KW - Puerto Ricans SP - 494 EP - 498 JF - Journal of immigrant and minority health JO - J Immigr Minor Health VL - 19 IS - 2 N2 - Puerto Ricans are burdened by nutrition-related diseases, with greater disease prevalence among Puerto Ricans residing in the continental U.S. compared to those in Puerto Rico (PR). However, little is known about diet quality of these two groups. To compare diet quality of Puerto Ricans in Massachusetts (MA) and PR. Puerto Rican patients from health centers in MA (n = 42) and PR (n = 52) completed a food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was assessed with the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). Analysis included Mann-Whitney, Chi square and logistic and quantile regressions. 57.1 % of participants in MA and 19.6 % in PR had a poor diet. Adjusting for age and education, participants in MA were more likely to have a poor diet (OR 3.4; p = 0.02) and lower HEI scores than participants in PR. Diet quality among Puerto Ricans is poor, and is worse among mainland Puerto Ricans compared to islanders. SN - 1557-1920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/27534857/Comparison_of_Dietary_Quality_Among_Puerto_Ricans_Living_in_Massachusetts_and_Puerto_Rico_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-016-0480-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -