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Shame as an impetus to the creation of conscience.
Int J Psychoanal. 1989; 70 (Pt 2):231-43.IJ

Abstract

Shame 'absorbed by' guilt is an issue that was flagged for consideration by Erikson. The most compelling reason for using guilt to obscure shame is that guilt is associated with a sense of the self as strong, though burdened and culpable, whereas shame brings with it a painful sense of vulnerability. Erikson described the way in which compulsive ordering-about of the self allows a child to feel less helpless and less vulnerable to the shame affect. In instituting this type of self-directive behaviour, the child is developing conscience. The irony of this type of self-manipulation is that ultimately the child, or adult, finds himself again burdened by impotence, though it is the impotence of guilt rather than that of shame. The topic of shame yielding to guilt is of interest in part because it demonstrates the highly interactive relationship between narcissistic concerns and superego responses to impulse-expression, and the role of such interactions in the formation of psychological structures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital, University of Michigan Hospital, Ann Arbor 48109-0706.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2753604

Citation

Miller, S B.. "Shame as an Impetus to the Creation of Conscience." The International Journal of Psycho-analysis, vol. 70 (Pt 2), 1989, pp. 231-43.
Miller SB. Shame as an impetus to the creation of conscience. Int J Psychoanal. 1989;70 (Pt 2):231-43.
Miller, S. B. (1989). Shame as an impetus to the creation of conscience. The International Journal of Psycho-analysis, 70 (Pt 2), 231-43.
Miller SB. Shame as an Impetus to the Creation of Conscience. Int J Psychoanal. 1989;70 (Pt 2):231-43. PubMed PMID: 2753604.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Shame as an impetus to the creation of conscience. A1 - Miller,S B, PY - 1989/1/1/pubmed PY - 1989/1/1/medline PY - 1989/1/1/entrez SP - 231 EP - 43 JF - The International journal of psycho-analysis JO - Int J Psychoanal VL - 70 (Pt 2) N2 - Shame 'absorbed by' guilt is an issue that was flagged for consideration by Erikson. The most compelling reason for using guilt to obscure shame is that guilt is associated with a sense of the self as strong, though burdened and culpable, whereas shame brings with it a painful sense of vulnerability. Erikson described the way in which compulsive ordering-about of the self allows a child to feel less helpless and less vulnerable to the shame affect. In instituting this type of self-directive behaviour, the child is developing conscience. The irony of this type of self-manipulation is that ultimately the child, or adult, finds himself again burdened by impotence, though it is the impotence of guilt rather than that of shame. The topic of shame yielding to guilt is of interest in part because it demonstrates the highly interactive relationship between narcissistic concerns and superego responses to impulse-expression, and the role of such interactions in the formation of psychological structures. SN - 0020-7578 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2753604/Shame_as_an_impetus_to_the_creation_of_conscience_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -